1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Geiler von Kaisersberg, Johann

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

GEILER (or Geyler) VON KAISERSBERG, JOHANN (1445-1510), "the German Svonarola," one of the greatest of the popular preachers of the 15th century, was born at Schaffhausen on the 16th of March 1445, but from 1448 passed his childhood and youth at Kaisersberg in Upper Alsace,. from which place his current designation is derived. In 1460 he entered the university of Freiburg in Baden, where, after graduation, he lectured for some time on the Sententiae of Peter Lombard, the commentaries of Alexander of Hales, and several of the works of Aristotle. A living interest in theological subjects, awakened by the study of John Gerson, led him in 1471 to the university of Basel, a centre of attraction to some of the most earnest spirits of the time. Made a doctor of theology in 1475, he received a professorship at Freiburg in the following year; but his tastes, no less than the spirit of the age, began to incline him more strongly to the vocation of a preacher, while his fervour and eloquence soon led to his receiving numerous invitations to the larger towns. Ultimately he accepted in 1478 a call to the cathedral of Strassburg, where he continued to work with few interruptions until within a short time of his death on the 10th of March 1510. The beautiful pulpit erected for him in 1481 in the nave of the cathedral, when the chapel of St Lawrence had proved too small, still bears witness to the popularity he enjoyed as a preacher in the immediate sphere of his labours, and the testimonies of Sebastian Bant, Beatus Rhenanus, Johann Reuchlin, Melanchthon and others show how great had been the influence of his personal character. His sermons—bold, lncisive, denunciatory, &bounding in quaint illustrations and based on texts by no means confined to the Bible,taken down as he spoke them, and circulated (sometimes without his knowledge or consent) by his friends, told perceptibly on the German thought as well as on the German speech of his time.

Among the many volumes published trader his name only two appear to have had the benefit of his revision, namely, Der Seelen Parsdies yon waren und volkomnen Tugenden, and that entitled Das irrig Schaf. Of the rest, probab!y the best~known is a series of lectures on his friend Seb. Brant’s work, Das Narrenschiff or the NavicuJa or Speculum fatuorum, of which an edition was published at Strassburg in 1511 under the following title:—Navicula sive speculum fatuorum praestantissimi sacrarumliterarUm doctoris Joanni Geiler Keysersbergii.

See F. W. yon Ammon, Geyler's Leben, Lehren und Predigten [I); L. Dacheux, Un Rdformateur catholique latin du XV siècle, J. G. de K. (Paris, 1876); R. Cruel, Gesch.'der deutschen Predigt, pp. 538-576 (1879); P. de Lorenzi, Geiler's ausgew'hlte Schriften (4 vols., I88x); T. M. Lindsay, History of tIe Reformation, i. 118 (1906); and G. Kawerau in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklop'ddie, vi. 427.