1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Golius, Jacobus
GOLIUS or (Gohl), JACOBUS (1596-1667), Dutch Orientalist, was born at the Hague in 1596, and studied at the university of Leiden, where in Arabic and other Eastern languages he was the most distinguished pupil of Erpenius. In 1622 he accompanied the Dutch embassy to Morocco, and on his return he was chosen to succeed Erpenius (1624). In the following year he set out on a Syrian and Arabian tour from which he did not return until 1629. The remainder of his life was spent at Leiden where he held the chair of mathematics as well as that of Arabic. He died on the 28th of September 1667.
His most important work is the Lexicon Arabico-Latinum, fol., Leiden, 1653, which, based on the Sihah of Al-jauhari, was only superseded' by the corresponding work of Freytag. Among his earlier publications may be mentioned editions of various Arabic texts (Proverbia guaedam Alis, imperatoris illuslemici, et Carmen Tagraipoétae doctissimi, necnon dissertation guaedam Aben Synae, 1629; and A hmedis Arabsiadae vitae et rerum gestarum Tirnuri, qui vulgo T amer, lanes dicitur, historia, 1636). In 1656 he published a new edition, with considerable additions, of the Grarnmatica Arabica of Erpenius. After his death, there was found among his papers a Dictionariurn. Persico-Latinum which was published, with additions, by Edmund Castell in his Lexicon heptaglotton (1669). Golius also edited, translated and annotated the astronomical treatise of'Alfragan (Muhammedis, jilii Ketiri Ferganensis, gui vulgo Alfraganus dicitur, elementa astronomic Arabice et Latine, 1669).