1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Graf, Arturo

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GRAF, ARTURO (1848–), Italian poet, of German extraction, was born at Athens. He was educated at Naples University and became a lecturer on Italian literature in Rome, till in 1882 he was appointed professor at Turin. He was one of the founders of the Giornale della letteratura italiano, and his publications include valuable prose criticism; but he is best known as a poet. His various volumes of verse—Poesie e novella (1874), Dopo il tramonto versi (1893), &c.—give him a high place among the recent lyrical writers of his country.