1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Hammer, Friedrich Julius

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HAMMER, FRIEDRICH JULIUS (1810-1862), German poet, was born on the 7th of June 1810 at Dresden. In 1831 he went to Leipzig to study law, but devoted himself mainly to philosophy and belles lettres. Returning to Dresden in 1834 a small comedy, Das seltsame Frilhsliick, introduced him to the literary society of the capital, notably to Ludwig Tieck, and from this time he devoted himself entirely to writing. Iri 1837 he returned to Leipzig, and, coming again to Dresden, from 1851 to 1859 edited the feuilleton of Sdchsische leonslilulionelle Zeitung, and took the lead in the foundation in 1855 of the Schiller Institute in Dresden. His marriage in 1851 had made him independent, and he bought a small property at Pillnitz, on which, soon after his return from a residence of several years at Nuremberg, he died, on the 23rd of August 1862,

Hammer wrote, besides several comedies, a drama Die Briider (1856), a number of unimportant romances, and the novel Einkehr und U mkehr (Leipzig, 1856); but his reputation rests upon his epigrammatic and didactic poems. His Schan' um dich, und schau' in dich (18 51), which made his name, has passed through more than thirty editions. It was followed by Zu allen gulen Slunden (1854), Fester Grand (1857), Auf slillen Wegen (18 59), and Lerne, liebe, lebe (1862). Besides these he wrote a book of Turkish songs, Unter dem Halbmond (Leipzig, 1860), and rhymed versions of the psalms (1861), and compiled the popular religious anthology Leben und H eimal in Gott, of which a 14th edition was published in 1900.

See C. G. E. Am Ende, Julius Hammer (Nuremberg, 1872).