1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Hand, Ferdinand Gotthelf
HAND, FERDINAND GOTTHELF (1786-1851), German classical scholar, was born at Plauen in Saxony on the 15th of February 1786. He studied at Leipzig. in 1810 became professor at the Weimar gymnasium, and in 1817 professor of philosophy and Greek literature in the university of Jena, where he remained till his death on the 14th of March 1851. The work by which Hand is chiefly known is his (unfinished) edition of the treatise of Horatius Tursellinus (Orazio Torsellino, 1545'I5Q?) OI1 the Latin particles (Tursellinus, seu de particnlis Latinas commentarii, 1829-1 84 5). Like his treatise on Latin style (ljchrbuch des lateinischen Stils, 3rd ed. by H. L. Schmitt, 1880), it is too abstruse and philosophical for the use of the ordinary student. Hand was also an enthusiastic musician, and in his Asthetik dcr Tonkunst (1837-1841) he was the first to introduce the subject of musical aesthetics.
The first part of the last-named work has been translated into English by W. E. Lawson (Aesthetics of Musical Art, or The Beantiful in lllusic, 1880), and B. Sears's Classical Studies (1849) contains a “ History of the Origin and Progress of the Latin Language, ” abridged from Hand's work on the subject. There is a memoir of his life and work by G. Queck (]ena, 1852).