1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Henry
HENRY (Fr. Henri; Span. Enrique; Ger. Heinrich; Mid. H. Ger. Heinrîch and Heimrîch; O.H.G. Haimi- or Heimirîh, i.e. “prince, or chief of the house,” from O.H.G. heim, the Eng. home, and rîh, Goth. reiks; compare Lat. rex “king”—“rich,” therefore “mighty,” and so “a ruler.” Compare Sans. rādsh “to shine forth, rule, &c.” and mod. raj “rule” and raja, “king”), the name of many European sovereigns, the more important of whom are noticed below in the following order: (1) emperors and German kings; (2) kings of England; (3) other kings in the alphabetical order of their states; (4) other reigning princes in the same order; (5) non-reigning princes; (6) bishops, nobles, chroniclers, &c.