1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Jawālīqī
JAWĀLĪQĪ, Abu Manṣūr Mauhūb ul-Jawālīqī (1073-1145), Arabian grammarian, was born at Bagdad, where he studied philology under Tibrīzī and became famous for his handwriting. In his later years he acted as imam to the caliph Moqtafi. His chief work is the Kitāb ul-Mu'arrab, or "Explanation of Foreign Words used in Arabic."
The text was edited from an incomplete manuscript by E. Sachau (Leipzig, 1867). Many of the lacunae in this have been supplied from another manuscript by W. Spitta in the Journal of the German Oriental Society, xxxiii. 208 sqq. Another work, written as a supplement to the Durrat ul-Ghawwās of Harīrī (q.v.), has been published as "Le Livre des locutions vicieuses," by H. Derenbourg in Morgenländische Forschungen (Leipzig, 1875), pp. 107-166. (G. W. T.)