1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Jordan, Camille

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JORDAN, CAMILLE (1771-1821), French politician, was born in Lyons on the 11th of January 1771 of a well-to-do mercantile family. He was educated in Lyons, and from an early age was imbued with royalist principles. He actively supported by voice, pen and musket his native town in its resistance to the Convention; and when Lyons fell, in October 1793, Jordan fled. From Switzerland he passed in six months to England, where he formed acquaintances with other French exiles and with prominent British statesmen, and imbibed a lasting admiration for the English Constitution. In 1796 he returned to France, and next year he was sent by Lyons as a deputy to the Council of Five Hundred. There his eloquence won him consideration. He earnestly supported what he felt to be true freedom, especially in matters of religious worship, though the energetic appeal on behalf of church bells in his Rapport sur la liberté des eultes procured him the sobriquet of Jordan-Cloche. Proscribed at the cou d'élat of the 18th F ructidor (4th of September 1797) he escape to Basel. Thence he went to Germany, where he met Goethe. Back again in France by 1800, he boldly published in 1802 his Vrai sens du vale national pour le eonsulat d vie, in which he exposed the ambitious schemes of Bonaparte. He was unmo# lested, however, and during the First Empire lived in literary retirement at Lyons with his wife and family, producing for the Lyons academy occasional papers on the I njiuence réciproque de Veloquence sur la Revolution el de la Revolution sur Véloquence; Etudes sur Klopslock, &c. At the restoration in 1814 he again emerged into public life. By Louis XVIII. he was ennobled and named a councillor of state; and from 1816 he sat in the chamber of deputies as representative of Ain. At Brst he supported the ministry, but when they began to show signs of reaction he separated from them, and gradually came to be at the head of the constitutional opposition. His speeches in the chamber were always eloquent and powerful. Though warned by failing health to resign, Camille Jordan remained at his post till his death at Paris, on the IQlTh of May 1821; To his pen we owe Leltre d M. Lamourette (1791); Histoire de la conversion d'une dame Parisienne (1792); La Loi et la. religion veugées (1792); Adresse d ses eommettants sur la revolution du 4 Septembre 1797 (1797); Sur les troubles de Lyon (1818); La Session de 1817 (1818). His Discours were collected in 1818. The “ Fragments choisis, " and translations from the German, were published in L'Abeille française. Besides the various histories of the time, see further details vol. x. of the Revue encyclopédique; a aper on Jordan and Madame de Staél, by C. A. Sainte-Beuve, in the Revue des deux mondes for March 1868 and R. Boubée, “ Camille Jordan a Weimar, ” in the Correspondent (1901), ccv. 718-738 and 948-970.