1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Mont Génèvre
MONT GENÈVRE, a Very easy and remarkable pass (6083 ft.) between France and Italy, which is now considered by high authorities to have been crossed by Hannibal, as it certainly was by Julius Caesar, Charles VIII., and in the war of 1859. An excellent carriage-road mounts in 7 m. from Briangon, at the very head of the Durance valley, to the pass. On the French side of the divide is the village of Bourg Mont Genévre, and on the Italian side that of Clavieres, both inhabited all the year round, as the pass runs east and west, and is thus sheltered from the north wind. A descent of 5 m. leads down to Césanne in the Doria Riparia valley, which is followed for 5 m. more to Oulx (17 m. from Briancon), on the Mont Cenis railway.