1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Namaqualand
NAMAQUALAND, a region of south-western Africa, extending along the west coast over 600 m. from Damaraland (22° 43′ S.) on the north to 31° S., and stretching inland 80 to 350 m. It is divided by the lower course of the Orange river into two portions—Little Namaqualand to the south and Great Namaqualand to the north. Little Namaqualand forms part of Cape Colony (q.v.), and Great Namaqualand is the southern portion of German South-West Africa (q.v.). The people of Namaqualand are the purest surviving type of Hottentots, and number some twenty to thirty thousand.