1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Oberhausen

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OBERHAUSEN, a town of Germany, in the Prussian Rhine province. It is situated 5 m. from the east bank of, the Rhine, 20 m. N.E. of Düsseldorf, on the main line of railway to Hanover and Berlin, and at the centre of an important network of lines radiating hence into the extensive Westphalian coal and iron fields. Pop. (1905) 52,096. The town possesses large iron-works, coal-mines, rolling-mills, zinc smelting-works, railway workshops and manufactures of wire-rope, glass, chemicals, porcelain and soap. The first houses of Oberhausen were built in 1845, and it received its municipal character in 1874.