1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Pâtenôtre des Noyers, Jules

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1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 20
Pâtenôtre des Noyers, Jules
20834791911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 20 — Pâtenôtre des Noyers, Jules

PÂTENÔTRE DES NOYERS, JULES (1845–), French diplomatist, was born at Baye (Marne) on the 20th of April 1845. Educated at the Ecole Normale Superieure, he taught for some years in the lycée at Algiers before he joined the diplomatic service in 1871. His most important mission was in 1884, when he was sent as French minister to China to regularize the French dominion in Annam. After arranging at Hue with the king of Annam the condition of the French protectorate, he proceeded to Shanghai to settle with China the difficulties which had arisen over the evacuation of Tongking by the Chinese troops. The negotiation failed, and the French admiral resumed hostilities against China in August. Next year Pâtenôtre signed with Li Hung Chang a treaty of peace at Tien-tsin, by which the French protectorate in Annam and Tongking was recognized, and both parties agreed to remain within their own borders in the future. After serving as minister plenipotentiary in Morocco (1888–1891), M. Pâtenôtre was sent to Washington, where he was raised to the rank of ambassador in 1893. He was ambassador at Madrid from 1897 to 1902.

Pierre Loti in Au Maroc has described his diplomacy in Morocco. M. Pâtenôtre himself published some reminiscences in the Revue des deux mondes.