1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Pisano, Giovanni

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PISANO, GIOVANNI (c. 1250-1330), Italian architect and sculptor, was the son of Niccola Pisano. Together with Arnolfo del Cambio and other pupils, he developed and extended into other parts of Italy the renaissance of sculpture which in the main was due to his father's talent. After he had spent the first part of his life at home as a pupil and fellow worker of

Part of the Tomb of Benedict XI., by Giovanni Pisano. Niccola, the younger Pisano was summoned between 1270 and 1274 to Naples, where he worked for Charles of Anjou on the Castel Nuovo. One of his earliest independent performances was the Campo Santo at Pisa, finished about 128 3; along with this he executed various pieces of sculpture over the main door and inside the cloister. The richest in design of all his works (finished about 1286) is in the cathedral of Arezzo-a magnihcent marble high altar and reredos, adorned both in front and at the back with countless figures and reliefs-mostly illustrative of the lives of St Gregory and St Donato, whose bones are enshrined there. Ihe actual execution of this was probably wholly the work of his pupils. In 1290 Giovanni Was appointed architect or “ capo maestro ” of the new cathedral at Siena, in which office he succeeded Lorenzo Maitani, who went to Orvieto to build the less ambitious but equally magnificent duomo which had just been founded there. The design of the gorgeous fagade of that duomo has been attributed to him, but it is more probable that he only carried out Maitani's design. At Perugia, Giovanni built the The date on the door, 1330, refers to the original wax model. church of S. Domenico in 1304, but little of the original structure remains. The north transept, however, still contains his beautiful tomb of Benedict XI., with a sleeping figure of the pope, guarded by angels who draw aside the curtain. One of Giovanni's most beautiful architectural works was the little chapel of S. Maria della Spina (now rebuilt, “ restored ”), on the banks of the Arno in Pisa; the actual execution of this chapel, and the sculpture with which it is adorned, was mostly the work of his pupils.” The influence of his father Niccola is seen strongly in all Giovanni's works, but especially in the pulpit of S. Andrea at Pistoia, executed about 1300. Another pulpit, designed on the same lines, was made by him for the nave of Pisa Cathedral between 1310 and 1311. The last part of Giovanni's life was spent at Prato, near Florence, where with many pupils he worked at the cathedral till his death about 1330.

See M. Sauerlandt, Uber die Bzldwerke des Giovanni Pzsano, &c (1904); A. Braeh, Nicola und Giovanni Pisano und die Plasnk des X I V. .Tahrhunderts zn Siena (1904).