# 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Price, Bartholomew

**PRICE, BARTHOLOMEW** (1818-1898), English mathematician
and educationist, was born at Coln St Denis, Gloucestershire,
in 1818. He was educated at Pembroke College, Oxford, of
which college (after taking a first class in mathematics in
1840 and gaining the university mathematical scholarship
in 1842) he became fellow in 1844 and tutor and mathematical
lecturer in 1845. He at once took a leading position in the
mathematical teaching of the university, and published
treatises on the *Differential calculus* (in 1848) and the *Infinitesimal*
*calculus* (4 vols., 1852-1860), which for long were the recognized
textbooks there. This latter work included the differential
and integral calculus, the calculus of variations, the theory of
attractions, and analytical mechanics. In 1853 he was
appointed Sedleian professor of natural philosophy, resigning it
in June 1898. His chief public activity at Oxford was in
connexion with the hebdomadal council, and with the Clarendon
Press, of which he was for many years secretary. He was
also a curator of the Bodleian Library, an honorary fellow of
Queen's College, a governor of Winchester College and a visitor
of Greenwich Observatory. In 1891 he was elected Master of
Pembroke College, which dignity carried with it a canonry of
Gloucester Cathedral. He died on the 29th of December 1898.
See *Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society* (1899).