1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Scholten, Jan Hendrik

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SCHOLTEN, JAN HENDRIK (1811-1885), Dutch Protestant theologian, was born at Vleuter near Utrecht on the 17th of August 1811. After studying at Utrecht University, he was appointed professor of theology at Franeker. From F raneker in 1843 he went to Leiden as professor extraordinaries, and in 1845 was promoted to the rank of ordinaries. Through Scholten, A. Kuenen became interested in theology; Scholten was not then the radical theologian he became later. The two scholars in course of time created a movement resembling that of the Ttibingen Schoof in Germany. Pursuing first the study of dogmatic theology and the philosophy of religion, Scholten published a work on the Principles of the Theology of the Reformed Church (2 vols., 1848-1850, 4th ed. 1861-1862). He then gave special attention to the New Testament, and wrote A Critical Study of the Gospel of John (1864, in German 1867). He died on the 10th of April 1885.

Scho1ten's other works include: Historical and Critical Introduction to the New Testament (1853-1856); The Oldest Witnesses to the Writings of the New Testament (1866); The Oldest Gospel (1868); and The Pauline Gospel (1870). An account of his theological development is given in A fscheidsrede bij het Neerleggen van het Hoogleeraarsambt (1881), and in the biography written by A. Kuenen, Levensbericht ilan J . Henricus Scholten (1885).