1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Standard, Battle of the

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Standard, Battle of the, a name given to the battle of the 22nd of August 1138 near Northallerton, in which the Scottish army under King David was defeated by the English levies of Yorkshire and the north Midlands, who arrayed themselves round a chariot carrying the consecrated banners of St Peter of York, St John of Beverley, St Wilfrid of Ripon and St Cuthbert of Durham.

See C. Oman, Art of War: Middle Ages, pp. 389 sqq.