1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Sumner, William Graham
SUMNER, WILLIAM GRAHAM (1840-1910), American economist, was born, of English parentage, in Paterson, New Jersey, on the 30th of October 1840. He was brought up in Hartford, Connecticut, graduated at Yale College in 1863, studied French and Hebrew in Geneva in 1863-1864 and divinity and history at Gottingen in 1864-1866, and in 1866-1869 was a tutor at Yale. He was ordained a priest of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1869, was assistant rector of Calvary Church, New York City, and in 1870-1872 was rector of the Church of the Redeemer, Morristown, New Jersey. From 1872 to 1909, when he became professor emeritus, he was professor of political and social science at Yale. In 1909 he was president of ths American Sociological Society. He died at Englewood, New Jersey, on the 12th of April 1910.