1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Wichita (tribe)

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WICHITA, a tribe of North American Indians of Caddoan stock. They call themselves Kitikitish or Tawéhash. Their former range was between the Red and Washita rivers, Oklahoma, and they are now on a reservation there. They were kinsmen of the Pawnee, and the French called them Pani Piqué (“Tattooed Pawnee”). They were known to other Indians as the “Tatooed People” in allusion to the extensive tattooing customary among them. They numbered 3000 in or about 1800, but only about 300 now survive.