1922 Encyclopædia Britannica/Kuropatkin, Alexei

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KUROPATKIN, ALEXEI (1848–), Russian general (see 15.952). After the Russo-Japanese War Kuropatkin retired to has estate in the Government of Novgorod, but during the World War, after repeated request, in 1916 he was appointed a corps commander. Once more he distinguished himself as a leader of troops, and he was again promoted to the position of army commander. Later he became commander of the Northern "front" (group of armies), but his operations in the spring offensive of 1916 did not restore his prestige as a higher commander, and he was shortly afterwards sent to Turkestan as governor-general. Here his wide and deep knowledge of conditions in that province proved very useful in maintaining order in an atmosphere of discontent. In 1917 Kuropatkin once more retired into private life.

The best known of his published works is Plevna, Lovtchen and Sheinovo. His memoirs were published after the Japanese War in four volumes, the fourth of which was forbidden in Russia and had to be published in Berlin. They were translated into English.