1922 Encyclopædia Britannica/Marconi, Guglielmo
MARCONI, GUGLIELMO (1874-), Italian electrical engineer and inventor of the Marconi system of wireless telegraphy, was born at Bologna April 25 1874. He was educated at Leghorn and at Bologna University, and it was in the town of his birth that he made the first wireless tests. In England his earliest wireless messages were sent between Penarth and Weston-super-Mare and on Salisbury Plain (1897). In 1899 he transmitted messages across the English Channel, and in 1902 from England to Canada and the United States. In 1904 he inaugurated the first ocean daily newspaper, the Cunard Daily Bulletin, on the R.M.S. “Campania.” He was created hon. G.C.V.O. in 1914, was made an Italian senator, and was the recipient of many foreign decorations and honours.