1922 Encyclopædia Britannica/Strauss, Richard
STRAUSS, RICHARD (1864–), German composer (see 25.1003). His opera, Ariadne auf Naxos (1912), was produced at His Majesty's theatre by Thomas Beecham in May 1913 and the same year Der Rosenkavalier, first produced at Dresden in 1910, was performed at Covent Garden with great success, eight performances being given; in point of fact, this proved to be Strauss's most popular opera. His other recent works include Festliches Praeludium, for orchestra (1913), and Josephs Legende (1914). In addition to the works enumerated mention should be made of Eine Alpensinfonie, (1915, op. 64); and the three-act opera, Die Frau ohne Schatten, libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal (1916, op. 65). In the winter of 1920-1 Strauss visited S. America, where he officiated at Buenos Aires as opera conductor, subsequently returning to Vienna.