A Dictionary of All Religions and Religious Denominations/Cameronians
CAMERONIANS, a party in Scotland, who took their denomination from Richard Cameron, a famous field preacher, who refused to accept the indulgence to tender consciences granted by Charles II. as such an acceptance seemed an acknowledgement of the king's supremacy, and that he had before a right to silence them. Cameron made a separation from his Presbyterian brethren, in 1666, and afterwards headed a rebellion, in which he was killed. His party were never entirely reduced till the revolution, when they, voluntarily submitted to King William.
CAMERONIANS, (or Cameronites) is also the denomination of a party of moderate Calvinists in France, who asserted that God does not move the will physically, but only morally, in virtue of its dependence on the judgment of the mind. They derived this name from John Cameron, a famous professor, first at Glasgow, where he was born in 1580, and afterwards at Bordeaux and Saumur ; at which last place he promulgated his doctrine of grace and free will, which was followed by Amyraut, Cappel, Bochart, Daille, and other learned reformed ministers, who judged Calvin's doctrines on these points too harsh.
- Scoth Theol. Dict.
- Encyclopaedia, vol. iv. p. 61.