A Practical Grammar of the Latin Language/Lesson 12
Of Interrogative Pronouns.
- A. There are three interrogative pronouns in Latin, viz.: 1) the substantive quis? (masc. & fem.) "who?" quid? "what?" 2) the adjective quī, quae, quŏd? "which?" and 3) ŭter, ŭtra, ŭtrŭm? "which of the two?". They are thus inflected :—
Quis? quid? Who? what?
|Gen.||whose? of what?||cūjus?||cūjus reī?1|
|Dat.||to whom? to what?||cuī?||cuī reī?|
|Abl.||with whom? with what?||quō?||quā rē?|
Quī, quae, quod? Which? what?
|Gen.||of which or what?||cūjus?|
|Dat.||to which or what?||cuī?|
|Abl.||with which or what?||quō||quā||quō?2|
Uter, utra, utrum? Which of the two?
1 On this use of reī, see note 1, Lesson 9.
2 There is an obsolete ablative quī for every gender, yet in use in forms like quīcum (= quōcum or quācum, with whom, with which), and adverbially in the sense of how? e. g. Quī fīt? How comes it? Quī tibi id facere licuit? How could that have been lawful or you?
3 The following nine adjectives are pronominals, and their compounds form the genitive in īus, and the dative in ī: ūnus, sōlus, tōtus, ullus; ater, neuter, alter, nullus, and alius. Of these, alter alone has alterius, the rest have īus in prose and sometimes ius in poetry