A Treatise on Soap-Making
AN ACCOUNT OF THE ALKALINE MATERIALS;
TEST FOR DISCOVERING THE PRESENCE
OF AN ALKALI, &c.;
Full Directions for Manufacturing
YELLOW, PURE, WHITE, AND PERFUMED
Complete Instructions for
THE MAKING OF GREEN OR SOFT SOAP:
With other Requisites necessary to finish the
To which is added,
ABSTRACTS OF THE EXCISE LAWS RELATIVE
TO HARD AND SOFT SOAP-MAKERS.
BY A MANUFACTURER.
Permit not Poverty thy abodes t'invade:
Be gold expedient—study well thy trade.
Trust not yourself, but your defects to know:
Make use of ev'ry friend— —and ev'ry foe.
Be niggards of advice on no pretence;
For the worst avarice is that of sense. POPE.
printed by oliver & co. netherbow.
Entered in Stationers Hall.
Address to the Reader
Treatise on hard and soft soap-making
Different kinds of alkalis
The two great divisions of salts
Method of depriving them of their fixed air
Alkaline salts for the use of the soap-boiler, how obtained.
Kelp, how made, and what esteemed best
Ditto, used as a manure, and for feeding cattle, hogs, &c.
Ditto, the ashes of, used as salt for new cheese
Barilla, where and how made
Gazul, soza, and salicor, ditto
Pot-ash, how prepared
Process for detecting sand in alkaline materials
Blue and white pearl ashes
Russia and Muscovy ashes, Cashub ditto
Preparation for setting a cave, or vat
Test for discovering the presence of an alkali in any liquid substance
Examination of leys, to discover their quality with regard to mildness or causticity
Comparative strength betwixt one ley and another discovered
Weight of spring water and strong soap-ley contrasted
Concise and accurate method to ascertain the strength of soap-leys
Only one alkaline principle in nature
Excisemen become soap-boilers
A charge for yellow soap
Boiling and finishing ditto
Palm oil used therein
Charge for pure white soap, and process
To prepare the scent for perfumed or Windsor soap
The weights and measures to be understood throughout the work
Table for casting up the dip of a soap frame, from one inch to one hundred, &c.
Examples of working the same by hot and cold area
Glass hydrometer to ascertain the weight of leys
A charge for 1st crown soft soap
Proportions, and operation of making ditto
A charge for 2d crown, and operation.
A charge for common soft soap, with old soap returned
General observations necessary to be attended to by the operator
Experiment to ascertain the expence of white soap-making
Short dissertation on spoiled hard soap, cause and remedy
Dr Black's method of preparing a soap-ley
Abridgment of Excise Laws
Allowance for spoiled soap, cuttings, &c.
Ditto for hard soap (only) repealed
Legal frames for hard soap
Legal casks for soft soap
Act to prevent making soap in secret places
Who are not qualified to make soap, though making entry
Act Geo. III., being the last general statute relating to hard soap, and comprehending most of the former laws applicable to that article