Alabama State Constitution of 1901/Amendments 401-500

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Amendment 401 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Amendment No. 315.

The legislature may hereafter, by general law, provide for the promotion of the production, distribution, improvement, marketing, use and sale of soybeans. The legislature may provide for the promotion of soybeans and soybean products by research, education, advertising and other methods, and the legislature is further authorized to provide means and methods for the financing of any such promotional activity by prescribing a procedure whereby producers of soybeans may by referendum among such producers levy upon themselves and collect assessments, fees, or charges upon the sale of soybeans for the financing of any such promotional program or activity in cooperation with buyers, processors, dealers, and handlers of soybeans. The legislature may make provisions for the nonpayment of assessments by soybean producers, and shall make provisions for the refund of assessments to any soybean producer who does not desire to participate in an assessment program. The legislature shall provide for the collection, disbursement, distribution or expenditure of assessments or charges authorized hereunder and to provide penalties for failure to make collection and distribution of assessments. The legislature shall provide for the designation of a nonprofit association or organization for the promotion and betterment of soybeans and soybean products to administer and carry out such promotional program which shall include the conducting of elections or referendums among producers of soybeans. The legislature may provide the manner by which such referendum is held, including the procedure for application for approval to conduct the referendum, the appropriate action to be taken by the state board of agriculture and industries on such application, the requirements and eligibility of the association or organization which will conduct such referendum, the procedures for voting and eligibility to vote in such referendum, the details of the conduct of such referendum. The legislature shall further provide for the deposit, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by the designated association of any funds received subject to the supervision and control of the activities as authorized herein by the department of agriculture and industries and the state board of agriculture and industries. The legislature shall further provide a procedure whereby said association or organization is bonded, for the examination and auditing of said association or organization, and for reasonably necessary rules and regulations to be adopted by the state board of agriculture and industries to effectively carry out the intent and purposes herein enumerated. Assessments, fees or other charges collected as authorized by any legislative act adopted under authority hereof shall not be considered as a tax within the meaning of this Constitution or any provision thereof. Any uniformity requirements of this Constitution shall be satisfied by the application of the program upon soybeans.

Amendment 402 ratified[edit]

Special Property Tax in Chilton County.

The county commission of Chilton county shall have the power to levy and collect a special property tax, in addition to all other taxes now or hereafter authorized by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, not exceeding two and one-half mills on each dollar's worth of taxable property outside the corporate limits of any incorporated municipality in the county, as assessed for state taxation during the preceding year, the proceeds of which shall be used exclusively for fire, medical and emergency services to areas outside the incorporated municipalities of the county.

The tax assessor of Chilton county shall assess the tax herein provided for, and the tax collector of Chilton county shall collect the tax, in the same manner and method that other ad valorem taxes are collected, and the funds shall be distributed to the Chilton county commission to be distributed by said commission, in equal shares, to all of the rural fire departments in said county that have and maintain an insurance services office of Alabama approved rating.

After the special tax shall have been levied for a period of twenty years from the date of ratification of this amendment, it shall be discontinued unless a majority of qualified electors of Chilton county, participating in an election called by the county commission, shall vote in favor of its continuance. This amendment shall not become operative as to Chilton county unless the same is approved by a majority of the qualified electors of Chilton county who vote thereon upon its submission.

Amendment 403 ratified[edit]

Costs and Charges of Courts, and Compensation of Probate Judge of Henry County.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general or local laws applicable to or operative in Henry county, fix, regulate, and alter the costs and charges of courts and fees, commissions, allowances, and salaries, including the method and basis of compensation, to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Henry county; and may place the judge of probate on a salary and provide for the fees, commissions, allowances, and percentages collectible by such officer to be paid into the treasury from which his salary is paid. This amendment shall not have been adopted unless a majority of the qualified electors of Henry county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof.

Amendment 404 ratified[edit]

School District Tax in Lauderdale County.

The Lauderdale county school district of Lauderdale county shall, subject to authorization at an election in each local school tax district as hereinafter provided, have power to levy and collect a special district tax, at a rate not exceeding ten mills on each dollar of the assessed valuation of the taxable property in such district for public school purposes therein, which special tax shall be in addition to all taxes now authorized or that may hereafter be authorized by the Constitution of Alabama to be levied in such district; provided, that no tax shall be levied under this amendment unless the rate of such tax, the time it is to continue, and the purpose thereof shall have been first submitted to the vote of the qualified electors of the local school tax district in which the tax is proposed to be levied and shall have been authorized by a majority of the qualified electors voting at the election at which the submission is made. Each election held under this amendment shall be called and held, the ballots canvassed, the results declared, and the tax levied and collected in the same manner as is now or may hereafter be provided by law in the case of school district taxes authorized by Amendment No. 3 to the Constitution of Alabama, except that no countywide or systemwide tax shall be required to be levied as a condition precedent to either the authorization or levy of a local school district tax under this amendment. The holding of one election shall not preclude a later election in the same district under the authority of this amendment. The proceeds of any special district tax authorized by this amendment shall be expended solely for capital outlay purposes in the public schools in the district in which the tax shall be levied.

The county board of education of Lauderdale county may from time to time, without the necessity of any election, change the boundaries of any local school tax district at any time existing in the county, or consolidate any two or more school districts therein, if the taxes authorized to be levied for public school purposes in all of the territory in such district after such change of boundaries or consolidation is effected shall be at the same aggregate rate and for the same duration of time; provided, that nothing contained herein shall be construed to impair or permit the impairment of the obligation of any contract created with respect to any securities theretofore issued with respect to any school district. The provisions of the preceding sentence shall not be deemed to abridge any existing power conferred on the said county board of education by any existing law, but shall be in addition thereto.

Amendment 405 ratified[edit]

Combination of Offices of Tax Assessor and Tax Collector in Lauderdale County.

The legislature may by local act authorize the county commission of Lauderdale county, by resolution of such commission passed not later than April 1, 1984, to combine the offices of tax assessor and tax collector in said county effective September 30, 1984.

If this amendment is passed by a majority of the qualified electors of the state and of said county who vote thereon when it is submitted, then any law theretofore passed which combines the offices of tax assessor and tax collector in said county shall become effective. If this amendment is approved and a majority of the qualified electors of said county who vote thereon vote against its approval, then such act or acts shall have no further force or effect.

Amendment 405 ratified[edit]

Combination of Offices of Tax Assessor and Tax Collector in Lauderdale County.

The legislature may by local act authorize the county commission of Lauderdale county, by resolution of such commission passed not later than April 1, 1984, to combine the offices of tax assessor and tax collector in said county effective September 30, 1984.

If this amendment is passed by a majority of the qualified electors of the state and of said county who vote thereon when it is submitted, then any law theretofore passed which combines the offices of tax assessor and tax collector in said county shall become effective. If this amendment is approved and a majority of the qualified electors of said county who vote thereon vote against its approval, then such act or acts shall have no further force or effect.

Amendment 407 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Amendment No. 218.

(a) In addition to any taxes now authorized, or that may be hereafter authorized, by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, there is hereby levied a special school tax of fifty cents on each one hundred dollars worth of taxable property in the school tax district of the city of Huntsville in Madison county to be used solely for public school purposes; provided the levy of said tax shall first have been approved by the qualified electors of the school district as hereinafter provided.

(b) The proceeds of said tax shall be used exclusively for public school purposes of any nature whatsoever in the school tax district of the city of Huntsville, Alabama.

(c) The provisions of this Amendment to the Constitution of 1901, amending Amendment No. 218, allowing the proceeds from the tax levied herein to be used for school purposes of whatsoever nature within the district shall become effective upon the adoption of this Constitutional Amendment; provided, however, that the provisions of this amendment shall not become operative in the city of Huntsville unless approved by a majority of the qualified electors of the school tax district of the said city who vote thereon at a referendum election held for such purpose upon the call of the authorized official therein. Such election may be called no more frequently than every two years; provided further, that if this amendment is approved by a majority of the qualified electors of the school tax district of the city of Huntsville who vote thereon upon its submission, such election shall constitute a referendum held for such purpose and no further election need be called. Subsequent elections shall be called, held, conducted, paid for, and governed otherwise in the manner provided for an election on the school district tax authorized in Constitutional Amendment No. 3.

Amendment 408 ratified[edit]

Procedure for Filling Vacancies in Office of Judge of Circuit Court and Office of Judge of District Court in Mobile County.

All vacancies in the office of judge of the circuit court and the office of judge of the district court of Mobile county which shall occur subsequent to January 15, 1982, shall be filled in the manner and for the time as herein provided.

The Mobile county judicial commission is hereby created for the purpose of nominating to the governor persons for appointment to such a vacancy. The members of such commission shall be (a) two persons who are members of the Alabama state bar, and (b) two persons who are not members of the Alabama state bar, and (c) one judge of the circuit court of Mobile county.

All members of such commission must reside in the territorial jurisdiction of the circuit court of Mobile county.

The two members of such commission who are required to be members of the Alabama state bar shall be elected by the members of such bar who are regularly licensed and qualified to practice law in this state and who reside in the territorial jurisdiction of the circuit court of Mobile county. The executive committee of the Mobile county bar association or its successor body in such capacity, is authorized and directed to make rules, not inconsistent with this amendment, for the election of such members of such commission as are required to be members of the Alabama state bar. Such executive committee shall certify in writing to the probate judge of Mobile county the names of the persons elected as members of such commission by such members of such bar.

The senators and representatives in the Alabama legislature from Mobile county shall elect the two members of such commission who are required not to be members of the Alabama state bar. Such senators and representatives shall certify in writing to such probate judge the names of the persons elected by them as such members.

The judges of the circuit court of Mobile county shall elect the member of such commission who is required to be a judge of such circuit court. The judges of such circuit court shall certify in writing to such probate judge the name of the circuit judge elected by such circuit judges as such member.

The terms of office of all members of such commission shall be six years, except that the terms of office of the two members of the state bar first elected shall be for one and two years respectively, and of the two members first elected by the senators and representatives in the Alabama legislature from Mobile county shall be for three and four years respectively, and the term of the circuit judge elected by the circuit judges shall be for five years; the length of such terms of office of the members of such commission being indicated by the respective electing bodies. The terms of the initial members of such commission shall begin on January 16, 1982. A vacancy in the office of a member of such commission shall be filled for the unexpired term in the same manner as such member was originally chosen.

The probate judge of Mobile county shall record all such certificates of election and shall safely and permanently keep the original certificates. Forthwith upon his receipt and recordation of every such certificate, he shall send to the governor a certified copy of every such certificate.

No member of such commission shall be eligible to succeed himself as such member or for nomination to the governor for appointment as judge of such circuit court or district court during the term of office for which such member shall have been selected.

The members of such commission shall not receive any salary or other compensation for their services as such members. No member of such commission other than the member required to be a judge of the circuit court shall hold any public office, and no member of such commission shall hold any official position in any political party.

If, subsequent to January 15, 1982, a vacancy occurs in the office of judge of the circuit court or in the office of judge of the district court of Mobile county, such commission shall nominate to the governor three persons having the qualifications for such office. Such nomination shall be made only by the concurrence of a majority of the members of such commission. The governor shall appoint to the office in which the vacancy exists one of the three persons so nominated for such office. Any vacancy occurring in the office of judge of the circuit or district court of Mobile county, which is required to be filled by appointment on nominations made by a judicial commission, shall be made within ninety days from the date of the submission of such nominations. In the event the governor fails to fill the vacancy from such nominations within such period, the appointment shall be made by the chief justice of the supreme court of Alabama. The appointee shall hold such office until the next general election for any state officer held at least six months after the vacancy occurs and until his successor is elected and qualified; the successor shall hold office for the unexpired term and until his successor is elected and qualified.

This amendment shall be self-executing.

Amendment 408 ratified[edit]

Procedure for Filling Vacancies in Office of Judge of Circuit Court and Office of Judge of District Court in Mobile County.

All vacancies in the office of judge of the circuit court and the office of judge of the district court of Mobile county which shall occur subsequent to January 15, 1982, shall be filled in the manner and for the time as herein provided.

The Mobile county judicial commission is hereby created for the purpose of nominating to the governor persons for appointment to such a vacancy. The members of such commission shall be (a) two persons who are members of the Alabama state bar, and (b) two persons who are not members of the Alabama state bar, and (c) one judge of the circuit court of Mobile county.

All members of such commission must reside in the territorial jurisdiction of the circuit court of Mobile county.

The two members of such commission who are required to be members of the Alabama state bar shall be elected by the members of such bar who are regularly licensed and qualified to practice law in this state and who reside in the territorial jurisdiction of the circuit court of Mobile county. The executive committee of the Mobile county bar association or its successor body in such capacity, is authorized and directed to make rules, not inconsistent with this amendment, for the election of such members of such commission as are required to be members of the Alabama state bar. Such executive committee shall certify in writing to the probate judge of Mobile county the names of the persons elected as members of such commission by such members of such bar.

The senators and representatives in the Alabama legislature from Mobile county shall elect the two members of such commission who are required not to be members of the Alabama state bar. Such senators and representatives shall certify in writing to such probate judge the names of the persons elected by them as such members.

The judges of the circuit court of Mobile county shall elect the member of such commission who is required to be a judge of such circuit court. The judges of such circuit court shall certify in writing to such probate judge the name of the circuit judge elected by such circuit judges as such member.

The terms of office of all members of such commission shall be six years, except that the terms of office of the two members of the state bar first elected shall be for one and two years respectively, and of the two members first elected by the senators and representatives in the Alabama legislature from Mobile county shall be for three and four years respectively, and the term of the circuit judge elected by the circuit judges shall be for five years; the length of such terms of office of the members of such commission being indicated by the respective electing bodies. The terms of the initial members of such commission shall begin on January 16, 1982. A vacancy in the office of a member of such commission shall be filled for the unexpired term in the same manner as such member was originally chosen.

The probate judge of Mobile county shall record all such certificates of election and shall safely and permanently keep the original certificates. Forthwith upon his receipt and recordation of every such certificate, he shall send to the governor a certified copy of every such certificate.

No member of such commission shall be eligible to succeed himself as such member or for nomination to the governor for appointment as judge of such circuit court or district court during the term of office for which such member shall have been selected.

The members of such commission shall not receive any salary or other compensation for their services as such members. No member of such commission other than the member required to be a judge of the circuit court shall hold any public office, and no member of such commission shall hold any official position in any political party.

If, subsequent to January 15, 1982, a vacancy occurs in the office of judge of the circuit court or in the office of judge of the district court of Mobile county, such commission shall nominate to the governor three persons having the qualifications for such office. Such nomination shall be made only by the concurrence of a majority of the members of such commission. The governor shall appoint to the office in which the vacancy exists one of the three persons so nominated for such office. Any vacancy occurring in the office of judge of the circuit or district court of Mobile county, which is required to be filled by appointment on nominations made by a judicial commission, shall be made within ninety days from the date of the submission of such nominations. In the event the governor fails to fill the vacancy from such nominations within such period, the appointment shall be made by the chief justice of the supreme court of Alabama. The appointee shall hold such office until the next general election for any state officer held at least six months after the vacancy occurs and until his successor is elected and qualified; the successor shall hold office for the unexpired term and until his successor is elected and qualified.

This amendment shall be self-executing.

Amendment 410 ratified[edit]

Indebtedness to Improve Roads and Bridges in Washington County.

Washington county may become indebted and may issue bonds for the construction or improvement of public roads and bridges in said county in an amount not to exceed the debt limits prescribed for counties by this Constitution. To pay said indebtedness and interest thereon, Washington county may impose and collect an annual road paving fee on all motor vehicle licenses issued in the county. The indebtedness, the bonds and the fee authorized hereby shall be in addition to those authorized by the Constitution of Alabama prior to the adoption of this amendment. But no such additional indebtedness shall be created, and no such additional bonds shall be issued, and no such additional fee shall be levied, until each improvement or construction proposed to be built thereby and its approximate location shall have been determined upon and made public by the Washington county commission, and the proposed increase of indebtedness or issue of bonds or fee therefor shall have been first authorized by a majority vote by ballot of the qualified voters of Washington county voting upon such proposition. Any local, special or general legislation enacted by the legislature to augment or implement the provisions of this amendment need not be advertised as provided in Section 106 or any other provision of this Constitution.

Amendment 411 ratified[edit]

Salaries, Fees, etc., of County Officials Charged with Assessing and Collecting Ad Valorem Taxes; Abolishment, Combination or Alteration of Offices of Tax Assessor, Tax Collector or License Commissioner.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general or local law applicable to the various counties of this state, establish the salaries, fees, commissions or allowances to be charged or received by the tax assessors, tax collectors, license commissioners, revenue commissioners or other officials charged with the assessing and collecting of ad valorem taxes in the various counties of this state, including changing the method and basis of their compensation; and may place any or all of such officials on a salary and further provide for disposition of the fees, commissions, allowances or other compensation theretofore paid to such officials; and may provide that the salaries of such officials may be paid from the ad valorem taxes assessed and collected by them on a pro rata basis from the various funds receiving such ad valorem taxes; provided, however, that following the effective date of any general law passed pursuant to this constitutional amendment, the legislature may not thereafter either increase or decrease the salaries of such officials during any term for which such officials have been elected or appointed, and in the case of such officials who were converted from a fee basis to a salary basis of compensation, the legislature may not decrease the salaries of such officials during any term for which such officials have been elected or appointed or may be thereafter re-elected or re-appointed. The legislature may by local act provide for the abolishment, combination or other alteration of the offices of tax assessor, tax collector or license commissioner with approval of a majority of voters in the county affected.

In the event this amendment is approved and subsequently ratified by the qualified electors of this state who vote thereon when it is submitted, then any law theretofore passed by the legislature addressing the subject matter covered by this amendment shall become effective according to the provisions of said law.

Amendment 412 ratified[edit]

Costs and Charges of Courts in Calhoun County and Method of Disbursement Thereof.

The county governing body may from time to time, by resolution fix, alter and regulate the costs and charges of courts in Calhoun county, and the method of disbursement thereof, upon notice to affected citizens not less than 60 days from the effective date. Provided, however, a majority of the qualified electors of the county shall first give approval therefor in an election called by the county governing body to determine this issue; provided further, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of Calhoun county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof, no further election need be held.

Amendment 413 ratified[edit]

Operation of Bingo Games by Certain Nonprofit Organizations in Montgomery County.

The operation of bingo games for prizes or money by certain nonprofit organizations for charitable, educational, or other lawful purposes shall be legal in Montgomery county, subject to the provisions of any resolution or ordinance by the county governing body or the governing bodies of the respective cities and towns, within their respective jurisdictions as provided by law regulating such operation. The said governing bodies shall have the authority to promulgate rules and regulations for the issuance of permits or licenses and for operation of bingo games, within their respective jurisdictions; provided, however, that said governing bodies must insure compliance pursuant to said law and the following provisions:

(a) No person under the age of 19 shall be permitted to play any game or games of bingo, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian; nor shall any person under the age of 19 be permitted to conduct or assist in the conduct of any game of bingo;

(b) No bingo permit or license shall be issued to any nonprofit organization, unless such organization shall have been in existence for at least 12 months immediately prior to the issuance of the permit or license;

(c) Bingo games shall be operated only on the premises owned or leased by the nonprofit organization operating the bingo game. if the premises is leased, the rate or rental shall not be based on a percentage of receipts or profits resulting from the operation of bingo games;

(d) No nonprofit organization shall enter into any contract with any individual, firm, association or corporation to have said individual or entity operate bingo games or concessions on behalf of the nonprofit organization, nor shall said nonprofit organization pay consulting fees to any individual or entity for any services performed in relation to the operation or conduct of a bingo game;

(e) A nonprofit organization shall not lend its name or allow its identity to be used by any other person or entity in the operating or advertising of a bingo game in which said nonprofit organization is not directly and solely operating said bingo game;

(f) Prizes given by any qualified nonprofit organization for the playing of bingo games shall not exceed the cash amount or gifts of equivalent value, set by the legislature, during any bingo session. The legislature shall set a maximum amount for any calendar week.

(g) No person or organization, by whatever name or composition thereof, shall take any expenses for the operation of a bingo game except as permitted by law.

Amendment 414 ratified[edit]

Judge of Probate of Bullock County; Compensation; Not to Serve on County Governing Body.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general or local laws, fix, alter, and regulate the fees, commissions, percentages, allowances, and compensation, and the method or basis of fixing the compensation to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Bullock county, and may put such officer on a salary basis and provide that the fees, commissions, percentages, and allowances payable to such officer according to law shall be paid into the county treasury. The judge of probate of Bullock county shall not serve as the chairman, or as a member, of the county governing body.

Amendment 415 ratified[edit]

Industrial Sites and Industrial Park Projects in Calhoun County and Municipalities Therein.

For the promotion of local economic and industrial development, Calhoun county and each municipality situated in said county, shall, other provisions of law or this Constitution notwithstanding, have, independently or in cooperation with one or more of such governmental entities, full and continuing power (a) to purchase, lease or otherwise acquire land, or to utilize land heretofore purchased or otherwise acquired, and to improve and develop such land for use as industrial sites or industrial park projects, including, but not limited to, grading and the construction of roads, drainage, sewers, sewage and waste disposal systems, parking areas and utilities to serve said projects, (b) to lease, sell, grant, exchange or otherwise convey, on terms approved by the governing body of such county or municipality, all or any part of any such project to any person, firm or corporation, public or private, including any industrial development board, other public corporation, or authority heretofore or hereafter created by the county or any municipality therein, for the purpose of constructing or developing thereon, by such purchaser or leasee, and equipping and operating, industrial, transportation, distribution, warehouse or research facilities, and offices and other facilities auxiliary to the foregoing, and (c) to grant public funds to such industrial development boards, public corporations or authorities. Nothing herein shall authorize the county, or any municipality therein, to construct buildings for the purpose of lease or sale.

In carrying out the purposes of this amendment, neither Calhoun county nor any municipality in said county shall be subject to the provisions of Sections 93 or 94 of the Constitution of Alabama, as amended, and the legislature shall have the power, by special or local law, to create, or provide for the creation of, any public corporation, authority, board, agency, or other entity empowered or intended to assist or aid in any way Calhoun county or any municipality therein in carrying out the purposes of this amendment and such special or local law shall not be subject to the provisions of Sections 104 and 106 of this Constitution, as amended. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing and the powers granted hereby may be exercised as alternative to, or cumulative with, and in no way restrictive of, powers otherwise granted by law to such county, or to any municipality therein, or to any agency, board, or authority created pursuant to the laws of this state.

No action may be taken under this amendment by the said county or any of the municipalities therein until after the question of whether the county and the said municipalities shall have the authority to take such action shall have been submitted to the qualified electors of the county at an election called for that purpose by the governing body of the county and a majority of the said qualified voters voting at the said election shall have voted in favor of the county and the said municipalities having the authority to take such action; provided, that if a majority of the qualified electors of the county participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment shall vote for the adoption thereof, then the approval of this amendment expressed by said vote in favor of its adoption shall of itself authorize the taking of any and all action provided for in the first sentence of this amendment and no additional election by the electors of the county shall ever be required to authorize the taking of any such action. If the majority of the qualified electors of the county participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment shall not vote in favor of the adoption of this amendment, or if the majority of the qualified electors of the county voting in any election called by the governing body under the provisions of this amendment should not vote in favor of the county and the municipalities having the authority to take such action at an election so called, the governing body of the county may from time to time call other elections hereunder on the question of whether the county and the municipalities therein shall be authorized to take such action, but not more than one such election shall be held during any period of twelve consecutive months. Any such election called by the governing body of the county shall be called, held, conducted and canvassed and may be contested in the manner and within the time provided by the then existing general laws of Alabama pertaining to elections on the issuance of bonds by counties. Any such election shall be conclusive on the question of whether the county and the municipalities therein shall have the authority to take such action and it will not thereafter be necessary for an election to be held in connection with each exercise by either the county or the municipalities of the power and authority granted them by the provisions of the first sentence of this amendment.

Amendment 416 ratified[edit]

Costs and Charges of Courts in Clarke County.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general or local laws, fix, alter and regulate the costs and charges of courts in Clarke county, and the method and disbursement thereof.

Amendment 417 ratified[edit]

Abolition of Office of Constable in Fayette County.

The office of constable in Fayette county, Alabama, may be abolished by a vote of a majority of the qualified electors of the county voting in a special election called by the county governing body to determine this issue; provided, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of Fayette county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof, no further election need be held.

Amendment 418 ratified[edit]

Costs and Charges of Court and Compensation of Judge of Probate of Franklin County.

The legislature may, by general or local laws, fix, alter, and regulate the costs and charges of court and the fees, commissions, percentages, allowances, and salary, including the method or basis of his compensation, to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Franklin county, and may place the judge of probate on a salary and provide that the fees, commissions, percentages, and allowances collected by the judge of probate shall be paid into the county treasury from which his salary shall be paid. The provisions of this constitutional amendment shall not be implemented in Franklin county until implementation is approved by a vote of a majority of the qualified electors of Franklin county voting in an election called by the county governing body to determine said issue; provided, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of Franklin county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof, no further election need be held.

Amendment 419 ratified[edit]

Abolition of Office of Constable in Lamar County.

The office of constable in Lamar county, Alabama, may be abolished by a vote of a majority of the qualified electors of the county voting in a special election called by the county governing body to determine this issue; provided, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of Lamar county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof, no further election need be held.

Amendment 420 ratified[edit]

Additional Ad Valorem Tax in Macon County for Education Purposes.

The legislature may authorize the levy and collection of a ten mill ad valorem tax in Macon county, in addition to all other taxes now or hereafter authorized by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, on real and personal property that is subject to such tax under the laws of this state, for public education purposes.

The tax authorized by this amendment shall not be levied in Macon county until it is approved by a vote of the electorate of said county or unless a majority of the qualified electors of Macon county who vote at the statewide election called for the submission of this amendment shall approve it.

Amendment 421 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Judge of Probate of Pike County and Disposition of Charges, etc., Collectible by Such Official.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general or local laws applicable to or operative in Pike county, place the judge of probate on a salary and provide for the disposition of such charges, costs, fees, commissions, allowances, and percentages collectible by such official.

Amendment 422 ratified[edit]

Repeal of Amendment 196.

Amendment No. 196 of the Constitution of 1901, relating to the costs and charges of courts and compensation of certain officers in St. Clair county is hereby repealed.

Amendment 423 ratified[edit]

Consolidation of Offices of Tax Assessor and Tax Collector of Winston County Into Office of County Revenue Commissioner.

The legislature may from time to time, by general or local law, provide for the establishment of a consolidated and unified system for the assessment and collection of taxes in Winston county and for the consolidation of the offices of tax assessor and tax collector of such county into one office to be known as the county revenue commissioner and for the abolition of the offices of tax assessor and tax collector of such county.

Unless otherwise provided by law, the revenue commissioner of Winston county shall be charged with the performance of any duty provided by law for the tax assessor and tax collector of Winston county, and his compensation shall be fixed by law. Immediately upon the beginning of the first term of office of revenue commissioner of Winston county, the offices of tax assessor and tax collector shall be abolished.

Amendment 424 ratified[edit]

Costs and Charges of Courts in Winston County and Distribution of Revenues Therefrom.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general, special or local law, fix, regulate and alter the costs and charges of any court in Winston county and the method or basis of distribution of any revenues therefrom.

Amendment 425 ratified[edit]

Adoption of Proposed Constitutional Amendments Affecting Only One County.

Any proposed constitutional amendment which affects or applies to only one county shall be adopted as a valid part of the constitution by a majority vote of the people of the county and in any political subdivision thereof so affected, provided that such proposed amendment has first been unanimously approved by at least a three-fifths vote of the elected members of each house and unanimously approved by a local constitutional amendment commission composed of the governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, secretary of state and speaker of the house of representatives and notice of such election, together with the proposed amendment shall be given by proclamation of the governor, which proclamation shall be published once a week for four successive weeks next preceding the day appointed for the election in each newspaper qualified to run legal notices in the county affected. The proposed local constitutional amendment shall then be approved by a majority vote of the qualified electors of the county and in any political subdivision thereof affected by such proposed amendment voting in a referendum election held for the purpose of determining if such proposed amendment shall become adopted as a valid part of the Constitution.

Amendment 426 ratified[edit]

Amendment to Amendment No. 328, Article VI, Section 6.09(d).

(d) The commission may submit a report to the legislature at any time within the first five calendar days of any session. The recommendations of the commission shall become law upon confirmation by a joint resolution or such recommendations may be altered by an act of the legislature at the session to which the report is submitted. The compensation of a judge shall not be diminished during his official term.

Amendment 427 ratified[edit]

Alabama State House.

In the event the legislature determines it to be necessary or desirable that the Capitol be repaired, renovated, restored, constructed or reconstructed, the legislature, by resolution, shall designate and provide a suitable place for the meeting of the legislature and the transacting of business of the legislative department. Such place shall be designated and known as the Alabama State House.

Amendment 428 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Amendment No. 214.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the legislature may hereafter, by general law, provide for the promotion of the production, distribution, marketing and use of poultry and poultry products. The legislature may provide for the promotion of poultry and poultry products and the poultry industry by research, education, advertising and other methods, and the legislature is further authorized to provide means and methods for the financing of any such promotional activity by prescribing a procedure whereby producers, owners or growers of poultry may by referendum held among such producers, owners or growers of poultry in this state levy upon themselves and collect assessments, fees, or charges upon the sale of poultry and poultry products for the financing of any such promotional program or activity in cooperation with processors, dealers, handlers and other buyers of poultry and poultry products. Provided, no assessment levied hereunder shall exceed two and one-half cents (2 1/2 ¢) per hen or other domesticated fowl or any other classes of poultry sold by producers thereof. The legislature is authorized to make provisions for nonpayment and for the refund of assessments levied upon owners, producers or growers of poultry to any such person who does not desire to participate in the promotional program. The legislature shall provide for the collection and distribution of assessments or charges authorized hereunder and to provide penalties for failure to make such collection and distribution of assessments. The legislature shall provide for the designation of a nonprofit association or organization organized for the promotion and betterment of poultry and poultry products in Alabama to administer and carry out such promotional program which shall include conducting elections or referendum among producers, owners or growers of poultry. The legislature shall further provide for the deposit, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by the designated association of any funds received subject to the supervision and control of the activities authorized herein by the department of agriculture and industries and the state board of agriculture and industries. Assessments, fees or other charges collected as authorized by any legislative act adopted under authority hereof shall not be considered as a tax within the meaning of this Constitution or any provision thereof. Any uniformity requirements of this Constitution shall be satisfied by the application of the program upon poultry and poultry products.

Amendment 429 ratified[edit]

Promotion of Economic and Industrial Development in Certain Counties and Municipalities Therein.

For the promotion of local economic and industrial development, the governing body of Bullock, Coffee, Coosa, Dallas, Etowah, Geneva, Houston, Jefferson, Lawrence, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Morgan, Talladega, Madison, Shelby, and Tuscaloosa counties and of each municipality situated in said counties, other provisions of law or this Constitution notwithstanding, shall each have, independently or in cooperation with one or more of such governmental entities in such counties, full and continuing power (a) to purchase, lease or otherwise acquire, land, or to utilize land heretofore purchased or otherwise acquired, and to improve and develop such land for use as industrial site, or industrial park, projects, including, but not limited to, grading and the construction of roads, drainage, sewers, sewage and waste disposal systems, parking areas and utilities to serve said projects, and (b) to lease, sell, grant, exchange, or otherwise convey, on terms approved by the governing body of the county, or of municipality exercising such power, all, or any part of, any such project to any person, firm or corporation, public or private, including to any industrial development board or authority heretofore or hereafter created by any such county or municipality therein, for the purpose of the constructing, or developing thereon, by such purchaser or lessees, and the equipping and operating of, industrial, transportation, distribution, warehouse or research facilities, and of office and other facilities auxiliary to the foregoing. Nothing herein shall authorize the counties named, or any municipality there, to construct residential or any other buildings for the purpose of lease or sale.

In carrying out the purposes of this amendment, neither the governing bodies of the counties named hereinabove, nor of any municipality situated in said counties to which this amendment is or becomes applicable, shall be subject to the provisions of sections 93 or 94 of the Constitution of Alabama, as amended. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing and the powers granted hereby may be exercised as alternative to, or cumulative with, and in no way restrictive of, powers otherwise granted by law to the governing body of such counties, or of any municipality therein, or to any agency, board, or authority created or approved thereby pursuant to this Constitution or the laws of this state.

The names and addresses of all parties involved in conveyances of land herein provided, and the amount of any monies paid or received, shall be published in the newspaper in the county with the largest circulation.

This amendment shall not be construed to grant any power of eminent domain in addition to that which may be provided otherwise by statute heretofore or hereafter enacted by the legislature of Alabama; nor shall this amendment be construed to affect the annexation statutes heretofore or hereafter enacted by said legislature.

Furthermore, no county or municipality shall sell any real property acquired under the authority hereof for a price less than its actual purchase and development cost of such property, unless:

(a) The price be approved at a public meeting of the governing body of such county or municipality; and

(b) At least fourteen (14) days prior to such public meeting at which such price is approved by such governing body, it has published notice in the newspaper with the largest circulation in the county in which the property is located stating (1) the acreage proposed to be sold, (2) the section or sections or subdivisions of record in which the property is located, (3) the price per acre at which sale is proposed to be made, and (4) the place where a map of the property can be examined by the public; and

(c) The price thus approved is no less than the price advertised as aforesaid; provided, however, that should any real property be acquired for any purpose authorized by this amendment by eminent domain pursuant to other legislative authority as aforesaid, such property shall not be sold, in any event, for less than the price determined and paid pursuant to the orders of the court in such condemnation proceedings. Provided further, that no municipality shall acquire real property in unincorporated areas without a prior consent thereto as expressed in a resolution by the county governing body. Provided further, that no county or municipality shall acquire real property which is located in another county or municipality without such other county's or municipality's prior consent thereto as expressed in a resolution by its governing body. Nothing in the provisions of this constitutional amendment shall be construed to allow construction of dormitories or other type housing on or off university or college campuses.

Amendment 430 ratified[edit]

Consolidation of Offices of Tax Assessor and Tax Collector in Blount County.

The legislature may from time to time, by general or local law, provide for the abolition of the offices of tax assessor and tax collector of Blount county and create a completely new office in such county and transfer to such office the duties of each of the said offices of tax assessor and tax collector in such county; provided that the officer to fill the newly created office will be compensated for the performance of the duties of said office by a salary fixed according to law.

Amendment 431 ratified[edit]

Membership and Powers of Bullock County Development Authority.

As used in this amendment, "the authority" means the Bullock county development authority authorized and established pursuant to Amendment 128 to this Constitution; "board" means the governing body of the authority; "member" means a member of the board; "commission" means the Bullock county commission; "jail and county buildings" means the Bullock county jail or other facility for holding prisoners and shall include any building owned and construed [constructed] by the county or a building authority and occupied by the county, or a state or federal government agency or entity; "building authority" means the entity established or to be established to finance and construct a jail and county buildings; and "industrial tax" means the tax authorized and imposed under the authority of Amendment 128 of this Constitution.

The authority is hereby granted continuing and permanent status. The membership of the authority is hereby fixed at seven (7). Each member shall serve a term of six (6) years and shall not serve more than two consecutive terms; provided however, that a member shall continue to serve until a successor is appointed. When a vacancy occurs or upon expiration of a term of a member, the remaining members shall nominate three reputable citizens interested in county development and present their names to the commission which by majority vote shall appoint one of the nominees to the board. If the commission fails to appoint one of the original nominess [nominees], the remaining members shall nominate three additional citizens in accordance with the aforementioned procedure. If the commission fails to appoint one of the six nominees, then the remaining members shall continue to submit nominees according to the aforementioned procedure until the commission appoints a member.

All expenditures, bids and contrcts [contracts] respecting the industrial tax, except those made by the building authority, shall be in the name and under the control of the authority; provided, however, except as provided in the third sentence of this paragraph, no industrial tax funds shall hereafter be expended without the approval of the commission. The authority may borrow money and expend funds for educational and health purposes and to enhance or develop other resources for the purpose of attracting industry to Bullock county. The authority may expend or appropriate or pledge or contract to pay over to the building authority for as long as its original issue of bonds or warrants is outstanding not more than one-half of the industrial tax revenues, subject to all prior commitments thereof for debt service, debt retirement or other debt repayment, for the purpose of constructing, financing or maintaining a jail or county buildings, or to assist the building authority in doing so, or for educational purposes, provided that such expenditures shall not impair the debts of the authority, and the industrial tax shall not be pledged to secure debts incurred for construction or maintenance or any other purposes except those provided for in this amendment or in Amendment 128 to this Constitution.

The rentals and obligations of the county under any lease entered into by the county with the building authority shall not be charged against the county's constitutional debt limit, regardless of the duration of the lease.

Act No. 81-838 of the 1981 Regular Session is hereby validated and declared to be fully effective according to its scope and tenor. The tax authorized by said act or by Act No. 81-1028 of the 1981 Second Special Session and any other tax for a jail or county buildings authorized by any act of the legislature in the 1981 or 1982 regular or special sessions shall not exceed one-half of one percent and any such tax shall be imposed only until the original issue of bonds or warrants for such construction is paid.

The tax authorized and permitted by sections 40-12-4 through 40-12-8 of the Code of Alabama 1975 for educational purposes is hereby fixed at one-half of one percent in Bullock county. Provided, however, the commission may levy an additional one-half of one percent tax provided by the aforementioned code section if the county board of education revenues fall below 1980-81 levels from all sources including funding provided by the authority. The industrial tax is hereby declared to parallel the state sales and use taxes and such tax shall be collected by the Alabama department of revenue.

Any changes in tax rates or tax collections required by this amendment shall be accomplished within ninety days from the effective date of this amendment.

Amendment 432 ratified[edit]

Fire Protection Districts in Etowah County.

The governing body of Etowah county is hereby authorized to establish and maintain fire fighting districts within Etowah county. Said governing body is further authorized to enter into agreements with volunteer fire departments within such county for fire protection and services. The fire fighting districts herein authorized shall not include any corporate municipality of Etowah county unless such municipality requests through resolution of its governing body to be included in such fire fighting program. Any act heretofore enacted regarding said Etowah county fire fighting districts is hereby ratified and confirmed insofar as it is consistent with this amendment.

Amendment 433 ratified[edit]

Repeal of Amendment No. 236.

Amendment No. 236 of the Constitution of 1901, relating to the compensation of certain officers of Greene county, is hereby repealed.

The provisions of this constitutional amendment shall not be implemented in Greene county until implementation is approved by a vote of a majority of the qualified electors of Greene county voting in an election called by the county governing body to determine said issue; provided, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of Greene county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof, no further election need be held.

Amendment 434 ratified[edit]

Costs and Charges of Courts in Wilcox County and Method of Distribution Thereof.

The legislature may from time to time, by general, special or local laws, fix, regulate and alter the costs and charges of courts in the county of Wilcox and the method of distribution thereof.

The provisions of this constitutional amendment shall not be implemented in Wilcox county until implementation is approved by a vote of a majority of the qualified electors of Wilcox county voting in an election called by the county governing body to determine said issue; provided, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of Wilcox county who participate in the election held on the adoption of this amendment vote in favor thereof, no further election need be held.

Amendment 435 ratified[edit]

Annual License Taxes, Registration, etc., on Trucks, Trailers, etc., in Conecuh County.

Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, the Conecuh county commission is hereby authorized to establish, by validly enacted ordinance, the amount of all Conecuh county annual license taxes and registration fees and ad valorem taxes on all trucks, truck-tractors, trailers and semitrailers located within the county.

Amendment 436 ratified[edit]

Fire Districts and Fire Prevention Services in Jackson County.

The legislature may, by general or local law, provide for the establishment of fire districts within Jackson county to provide fire fighting and prevention services; and may authorize the levy and collection of certain rates, fees, charges or taxes for such services.

Amendment 437 ratified[edit]

Indebtedness for Daniel "Chappie" James Aerospace Memorial by Macon County.

Macon county is hereby authorized to incur indebtedness to the extent of not exceeding $3,500,000 in aggregate principal amount, and to issue its bonds in evidence of the indebtedness so incurred, for the purpose of obtaining funds in such amount and contributing that amount to Tuskegee Institute to be used for the construction of "The Daniel 'Chappie' James Aerospace Memorial." Such bonds may be issued only after the question of the issuance thereof shall have been submitted to the qualified electors of said county at an election called for that purpose by the governing body of said county and a majority of said qualified electors voting at said election shall have voted in favor of the issuance of said bonds, which election shall be called, held, conducted, and canvassed, and may be contested, in the manner and within the time provided by the then existing laws of Alabama pertaining to elections on the issuance of bonds by counties; provided however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of said county participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment shall vote for the adoption thereof, then the approval of this amendment expressed by the voters of said county in favor of its adoption shall of itself authorize the issuance of the bonds, and in that event no additional election by the electors of said county shall be required to authorize the issuance of said bonds. In the event the majority of the qualified electors of said county participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment should not vote in favor of the adoption thereof, or in the event the majority vote at any election held in said county pursuant to the provisions of this amendment after its adoption is not in favor of the issuance of the bonds proposed at said election, the governing body of said county may from time to time call other elections hereunder on the issuance of said bonds, but not more than one such election shall be held during any period of twelve consecutive months. The power to become indebted and to issue bonds in evidence of such indebtedness shall be in addition to all other powers which the said county may have under the Constitution and laws of Alabama, and any bonds issued pursuant to this amendment shall not be chargeable against the amount of indebtedness which said county may incur under the Constitution and laws of Alabama in effect prior to the adoption of this amendment. All bonds issued under this amendment shall be general obligations of the county secured by an irrevocable pledge of its full faith and credit, may (any provisions of the Constitution and laws of this state to the contrary notwithstanding) be additionally secured by a special and irrevocable pledge of a sufficient amount of the proceeds from the special 1/4 of 1% ad valorem tax authorized by Section 215 of the Constitution of Alabama, as amended, to be levied and collected by the county, shall be issued in accordance with, and shall be subject to, the provisions of the general laws of Alabama existing at the time of the sale of said bonds respecting the maturities, sale, execution and redemption of bonds by counties.

The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing.

Amendment 438 ratified[edit]

Indebtedness for Daniel "Chappie" James Aerospace by Memorial City of Tuskegee.

The city of Tuskegee in Macon county is hereby authorized to incur indebtedness to the extent of not exceeding $3,500,000 in aggregate principal amount, and to issue its bonds in evidence of the indebtedness so incurred, for the purpose of obtaining funds in such amount and contributing that amount to Tuskegee Institute to be used for the construction of "The Daniel 'Chappie' James Aerospace Memorial." Such bonds may be issued only after the question of the issuance thereof shall have been submitted to the qualified electors of said municipality at an election called for that purpose by the governing body of said municipality and a majority of said qualified electors voting at said election shall have voted in favor of the issuance of said bonds, which election shall be called, held, conducted, and canvassed, and may be contested, in the manner and within the time provided by the then existing laws of Alabama pertaining to elections on the issuance of bonds by municipalities; provided, however, that if a majority of the qualified electors of said municipality participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment shall vote for the adoption thereof, then the approval of this amendment expressed by the voters of said municipality in favor of its adoption shall of itself authorize the issuance of the bonds, and in that event no additional election by the electors of said municipality shall be required to authorize the issuance of said bonds. In the event the majority of the qualified electors of said municipality participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment should not vote in favor of the adoption thereof, or in the event the majority vote at any election held in said municipality pursuant to the provisions of this amendment after its adoption is not in favor of the issuance of the bonds proposed at said election, the governing body of said municipality may from time to time call other elections hereunder on the issuance of said bonds, but not more than one such election shall be held during any period of twelve consecutive months. The power to become indebted and to issue bonds in evidence of such indebtedness shall be in addition to all other powers which the said municipality may have under the Constitution and laws of Alabama, and any bonds issued pursuant to this amendment shall not be chargeable against the amount of indebtedness which said municipality may incur under the Constitution and laws of Alabama in effect prior to the adoption of this amendment. All bonds issued under this amendment shall be general obligations of the municipality secured by an irrevocable pledge of its full faith and credit, may (any provisions of the Constitution and laws of this state to the contrary notwithstanding) be additionally secured by a special and irrevocable pledge of a sufficient amount of the proceeds from the 1 1/4% ad valorem tax authorized by Amendment 56 to the Constitution of Alabama, to be levied and collected by the municipality, shall be issued in accordance with, and shall be subject to, the provisions of the general laws of Alabama existing at the time of the sale of said bonds respecting the maturities, sale, execution and redemption of bonds by municipalities.

The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing.

Amendment 439 ratified[edit]

Forest Fire Protection in Marshall County.

The legislature may prescribe by local law for Marshall county for forest fire protection in the county and may authorize the county governing body to further promote and provide for tax on acreage, on a basis other than ad valorem, therefore. The legislature may provide for the manner for levying and collecting such assessments and the distribution thereof. The legislature may further provide for the administration of such forest fire protection promotion.

Amendment 440 ratified[edit]

Operation of Bingo Games in Mobile County.

The operation of bingo games for prizes or money by certain nonprofit organizations for charitable, educational, or other lawful purposes shall be legal in Mobile county, subject to the provisions of any resolution or ordinance by the county governing body or the governing bodies of the respective cities and towns, within their respective jurisdictions as provided by law regulating such operation. The said governing bodies shall have the authority to promulgate rules and regulations for the issuance of permits or licenses and for operation of bingo games, within their respective jurisdictions; provided, however, that said governing bodies must ensure compliance pursuant to said law and the following provisions:

(a) No person under the age of 19 shall be permitted to play any game or games of bingo, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian; nor shall any person under the age of 19 be permitted to conduct or assist in the conduct of any game of bingo;

(b) No bingo permit or license shall be issued to any nonprofit organization, unless such organization shall have been in existence for at least 12 months immediately prior to the issuance of the permit or license;

(c) Bingo games shall be operated only on the premises owned or leased by the nonprofit organization operating the bingo game. If the premises is leased, the rate or rental shall not be based on a percentage of receipts or profits resulting from the operation of bingo games;

(d) No nonprofit organization shall enter into any contract with any individual, firm, association or corporation to have said individual or entity operate bingo games or concessions on behalf of the nonprofit organization, nor shall said nonprofit organization pay consulting fees to any individual or entity for any services performed in relation to the operation or conduct of a bingo game;

(e) A nonprofit organization shall not lend its name or allow its identity to be used by any other person or entity in the operating or advertising of a bingo game in which said nonprofit organization is not directly and solely operating said bingo game;

(f) Prizes given by any qualified nonprofit organization for the playing of bingo games shall not exceed the cash amount or gifts of equivalent value, set by the legislature, during any bingo session. The legislature shall set a maximum amount for any calendar week;

(g) No person or organization, by whatever name or composition thereof, shall take any expenses for the operation of a bingo game except as permitted by law.

The provisions of this constitutional amendment shall be self-executing, but the legislature shall have the right and power by general, special or local act to adopt laws supplemental to this amendment or in furtherance of the general purposes and objectives herein set forth.

Amendment 441 ratified[edit]

Comprehensive Health Insurance Plan for Retired Mobile County Employees.

The Mobile county commission may, from time to time by resolution duly adopted and spread upon its minutes, provide for a comprehensive health insurance plan for retired county employees. If such plan is so adopted, the Mobile county commission shall determine the extent of coverage of such plan and shall prescribe rules and regulations governing participation in such plan.

Amendment 442 ratified[edit]

Privilege, License, etc., Taxes and Securities for Funding County Facilities in Randolph County.

(A) As used in this amendment, the following terms shall be given the following respective meanings:

"COUNTY" means Randolph county, Alabama.

"COUNTY FACILITIES" means (a) any land, building, equipment and any other facility or facilities necessary or useful in the housing, confinement, detention, feeding, treatment, rehabilitation and training of persons held in lawful custody, and (b) any land, building, equipment or other facility useful as a county courthouse building.

"COUNTY FACILITIES BUILDING FUND" means the county facilities building fund established herein for the purpose of receiving certain tax receipts required by the provisions hereof to be paid therein.

"EXISTING AD VALOREM TAX" means the two and one-half mill special ad valorem tax authorized to be levied by the county pursuant to section 215 of the Constitution.

"SECURITIES" means any bonds or warrants, including refunding bonds or warrants, issued by the county under the provisions of this amendment.

"SPECIAL AD VALOREM TAX" means the special county hospital ad valorem tax authorized to be levied by the county pursuant to amendment no. 72 to the Constitution.

"SPECIAL SALES TAX" means the special county privilege, license and excise taxes authorized and directed by this amendment to be levied by the county on those engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property at retail and conducting places of amusement in the county and paralleling the state sales and use taxes.

"SPECIAL TAXES" means the special ad valorem tax, the special sales tax, and the existing ad valorem tax.

(B) The county is hereby authorized and directed, within 60 days after the proclamation of the ratification of this amendment, to levy and collect, or provide for the collection of special privilege, license and excise taxes on those engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property and conducting places of amusement in the county at the rate of one-half of one percent (0.5%) of the gross receipts of the businesses made subject to the special sales tax, which tax shall, to the fullest extent possible, parallel the sales and use taxes levied by the state. All revenues derived by the county from the levy of the special sales tax, less the cost of collection of such revenues not to exceed 5% thereof to be paid to the department of revenue, shall be paid into the county facilities building fund. The county shall discontinue the levy of the special sales tax when all of the securities issued hereunder shall have been paid in full, or when the county shall have expended the sum of $1,500,000 out of the county facilities building fund to pay costs of county facilities, whichever shall last occur.

(C) The county is hereby authorized and directed (subject to prior pledges and agreements, if any) to pay, out of taxes collected each year, beginning with taxes collected with respect to the tax year that began October 1, 1982, one-half of the tax receipts derived from the levy of the special ad valorem tax into the county facilities building fund. The county shall discontinue paying such tax receipts into the county facilities building fund when all of the securities issued hereunder have been paid in full, or when the county shall have expended the sum of $1,500,000 out of the county facilities building fund to pay costs of county facilities, whichever shall last occur.

(D) The county is hereby authorized and directed (subject to prior pledges and agreements, if any) to pay four-tenths of the tax receipts derived by the county from the levy of the existing ad valorem tax into the county facilities building fund. The county shall discontinue paying such tax receipts into the county facilities building fund when all of the securities issued hereunder have been paid in full, or when the county shall have expended the sum of $1,500,000 out of the county facilities building fund to pay costs of county facilities, whichever shall last occur.

(E) The county is hereby authorized and directed to establish the county facilities building fund for the purpose of receiving the moneys required to be paid therein by the provisions hereof. Funds on deposit in the county facilities building fund shall be used to pay the costs of acquiring, providing, constructing and equipping new county facilities, renovating, reconstructing, improving, enlarging or equipping any existing county facilities or any combination thereof, up to an amount not exceeding $1,500,000, and to pay principal of and interest and premium, if any, on securities issued hereunder to finance county facilities.

(F) The county is hereby authorized to sell and issue from time to time its securities, not exceeding $1,500,000 in aggregate principal amount, for the purpose of acquiring, providing, constructing and equipping new county facilities, renovating, reconstructing, improving, enlarging or equipping any existing county facilities or any combination thereof and to pledge for payment of the securities the portions of the special taxes required to be paid into the county facilities building fund.

For the purpose of refunding any securities, including refunding securities issued under the provisions of this amendment, whether the refunding shall occur before, at or after the maturity of the securities refunded and for the purpose of paying all premiums and expenses of the refunding (including attorneys' fees, costs of printing the refunding securities, fiscal agents' fees, and accountants' fees), the county is hereby authorized to sell and issue from time to time refunding securities in an aggregate principal amount not exceeding the sum of (a) the outstanding principal amount of the securities to be refunded, (b) the interest (accrued or to accrue) to the respective maturities of the securities to be refunded, or if the securities to be refunded are to be called for redemption, either on the earliest date on which under their terms they may be redeemed or some later date or dates, the interest (accrued or to accrue) on the securities to be refunded to the date or dates on which they are to be called for redemption, (c) the amount of any redemption premium required, by the terms of the securities, to be paid as a condition to their redemption prior to their respective maturities, and (d) the amount of any expenses (actual or estimated) of such refunding.

The securities issued hereunder may but need not be general obligations of the county, but shall be secured by the portions of the special taxes pledged for their payment in the proceedings of the county whereunder the securities are authorized to be issued and required to be paid into the county facilities building fund.

All securities issued under this amendment may be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturities, may bear interest at such rate or rates, payable at such time or times, not exceeding thirty (30) years from their date, may be sold at public or private sale and may contain such provisions not inconsistent with this amendment as shall be provided in the proceedings of the governing body of the county wherein such securities are authorized to be issued. The power to levy the special sales tax, to pay as required herein the portions of the special ad valorem tax and the existing ad valorem tax into the county facilities building fund and the power to issue the securities shall be in addition to all other powers which the county may have under this Constitution and the laws of Alabama. The indebtedness evidenced by the securities issued under this amendment shall be in addition to and shall not be charged against the limitation on the indebtedness of the county provided for in section 224 of the Constitution.

(G) It is the intention hereof that the governing body of the county shall (a) levy the special sales tax, and (b) pay one-half of the revenues from the special ad valorem tax and four-tenths of the revenues from the existing ad valorem tax (subject only to prior pledges of either thereof) as shall together be sufficient to provide funds to pay costs of county facilities herein provided for, either directly or through payment of the principal of and interest (and premium, if any) on the securities authorized to be issued hereunder, all to the end that adequate county facilities will be available in the county. Proceeds of the special taxes that are not needed in any fiscal year to pay principal of and interest on securities issued hereunder or to refund securities shall be used to pay costs of constructing and maintaining the county facilities herein provided for, or to purchase and retire securities or call securities for redemption prior to the maturity thereof.

(H) The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing, and authorization from or any other action by the legislature shall not be a prerequisite to the issuance of the securities hereunder or to the levy of the special taxes or the use of the proceeds of the special taxes as provided herein; provided, however, that the provisions of this amendment shall not become operative unless approved by a majority of the qualified electors of Randolph county who vote thereon at a referendum election held for such purpose upon the call of the Randolph county commission, and provided further, that if this amendment is approved by the qualified electors of Randolph county who vote thereon upon its submission, such election shall constitute a referendum held for such purpose and no further election need be called.

(I) It is hereby specifically declared that this amendment is not being proposed pursuant to the provisions of that certain amendment to the Constitution (known as amendment no. 425) that was proposed by Act No. 82-330 adopted at the 1982 Regular Session of the legislature of Alabama, and provisions of the said amendment 425 are hereby declared to be inapplicable.

Amendment 443 ratified[edit]

Conveyance of State Docks Property to Local Authorities.

The state of Alabama, through the Alabama state docks department, is authorized to convey, without consideration, title to its real property, equipment and facilities located in Lauderdale county, Alabama, and known as the Alabama state docks to the Florence-Lauderdale county port authority, a public corporation, but subject to existing leases and other contractual agreements now in effect. Any laws or parts of laws or any provisions of the Constitution of 1901, as amended, which are in conflict with this amendment are hereby revised, superseded and repealed to the extent they are in conflict with this amendment.

The state of Alabama, through the Alabama state docks department, is authorized to convey, with consideration at a price to be established by the director of the Alabama state docks department and his appraisers, title to its real property, equipment and facilities located in Morgan county, Alabama, and known as the Alabama state docks to the Decatur-Morgan county port authority, a public corporation, and in Walker county, Alabama, known as the state docks in Cordova in Walker county to the Walker county commission, but subject to existing leases and other contractual agreements now in effect. Any laws or parts of laws or any provisions of the Constitution of 1901, as amended, which are in conflict with this amendment are hereby revised, superseded and repealed to the extent they are in conflict with this amendment.

Amendment 444 ratified[edit]

Randolph County Facilities Building Fund.

(A) As used in this amendment, the following terms shall be given the following respective meanings:

"COSTS OF COUNTY FACILITIES" means the costs of acquiring, providing, constructing and equipping new county facilities, renovating, reconstructing, improving, enlarging or equipping any existing county facilities or any combination thereof.

"COUNTY" means Randolph county, Alabama.

"COUNTY FACILITIES" means (a) any land, building, equipment and any other facility or facilities necessary or useful in the housing, confinement, detention, feeding, treatment, rehabilitation or training of persons held in lawful custody, and (b) any land, building, equipment or other facility useful as a county courthouse building.

"COUNTY FACILITIES BUILDING FUND" means the county facilities building fund to be established by the county pursuant to the provisions hereof for the purpose of receiving certain tax receipts required by the provisions hereof to be paid therein.

"EXISTING AD VALOREM TAX" means the two and one-half mill road, bridge and public building ad valorem tax authorized to be levied by the county pursuant to Section 215 of the Constitution.

"RELATED SECURITIES" means any bonds or warrants, including refunding bonds or warrants, issued for purposes for which securities may be issued hereunder after the effective date of this amendment under the provisions of any other amendment to the Constitution or statute, provided that the governing body of the county in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of such bonds or warrants has pledged for the payment of such bonds or warrants those moneys required by the provisions hereof to be paid into the county facilities building fund.

"SECURITIES" means any bonds or warrants, including refunding bonds or warrants, issued by the county under the provisions of this amendment.

"SPECIAL AD VALOREM TAX" means the special county hospital ad valorem tax authorized to be levied by the county pursuant to Amendment No. 72 to the Constitution.

"SPECIAL TAXES" means the special ad valorem tax and the existing ad valorem tax.

(B) The county is hereby authorized and directed (subject to prior pledges and agreements, if any) to pay, out of taxes collected each year, beginning with taxes collected with respect to the tax year that began October 1, 1982, one-half of the tax receipts derived from the levy of the special ad valorem tax into the county facilities building fund. The county shall discontinue paying such tax receipts into the county facilities building fund when all of the securities issued hereunder and any related securities issued by the county have been paid in full, or when the county shall have expended the sum of $1,500,000 out of the county facilities building fund to pay costs of county facilities, whichever shall last occur.

(C) The county is hereby authorized and directed (subject to prior pledges and agreements, if any) to pay, out of taxes collected each year, beginning with taxes collected with respect to the tax year that began October 1, 1982, four-tenths of the tax receipts derived by the county from the levy of the existing ad valorem tax into the county facilities building fund. The county shall discontinue paying such tax receipts into the county facilities building fund when all of the securities issued hereunder and any related securities issued by the county have been paid in full, or when the county shall have expended the sum of $1,500,000 out of the county facilities building fund to pay costs of county facilities, whichever shall last occur.

(D) The county is hereby authorized and directed to establish the county facilities building fund for the purpose of receiving the moneys required to be paid therein by the provisions hereof and any other tax receipts or other moneys of the county that the county may determine to pay therein. Funds on deposit in the county facilities building fund shall be used to pay costs of county facilities, up to an amount not exceeding $1,500,000, and to pay principal of and interest and premium, if any, on (1) securities issued hereunder to finance costs of county facilities and (2) related securities issued to finance costs of county facilities.

(E) The county is hereby authorized to sell and issue from time to time its securities, not exceeding $1,500,000 in aggregate principal amount, for the purpose of financing costs of county facilities and to pledge for payment of the securities the portions of the special taxes required to be paid into the county facilities building fund.

For the purpose of refunding any securities, including refunding securities issued under the provisions of this amendment, whether the refunding shall occur before, at or after the maturity of the securities refunded and for the purpose of paying all premiums and expenses of the refunding (including, without limitation, attorneys' fees, costs of printing the refunding securities, fiscal agents' fees, and accountants' fees), the county is hereby authorized to sell and issue from time to time refunding securities in an aggregate principal amount not exceeding the sum of (a) the outstanding principal amount of the securities to be refunded, (b) the interest (accrued or to accrue) to the respective maturities of the securities to be refunded, or if the securities to be refunded are to be called for redemption, either on the earliest date on which under their terms they may be redeemed or some later date or dates, the interest (accrued or to accrue) on the securities to be refunded to the date or dates on which they are to be called for redemption, (c) the amount of any redemption premium required, by the terms of the securities, to be paid as a condition to their redemption prior to their respective maturities, and (d) the amount of any expenses (actual or estimated) of such refunding.

The securities issued hereunder may but need not be general obligations of the county, but shall be secured by the portions of the special taxes pledged for their payment in the proceedings of the county whereunder the securities are authorized to be issued and required to be paid into the county facilities building fund.

All securities issued under this amendment may be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturities, may bear interest at such rate or rates, payable at such time or times, not exceeding 30 years from their date, may be sold at public or private sale and may contain such provisions not inconsistent with this amendment as shall be provided in the proceedings of the governing body of the county whereunder such securities are authorized to be issued. The power to pay, as required herein, the portions of the special ad valorem tax and the existing ad valorem tax into the county facilities building fund and the power to issue the securities shall be in addition to all other powers which the county may have under this Constitution and the laws of Alabama. The indebtedness evidenced by the securities issued under this amendment shall be in addition to all other indebtedness authorized to be incurred by the county and shall not be charged against the limitation on the indebtedness of the county provided for in Section 224 of the Constitution.

(F) The county is hereby authorized to pledge for payment of principal of and interest (and premium, if any) on related securities the portions of the special taxes required to be paid into the county facilities building fund.

(G) It is the intention hereof that the governing body of the county shall pay one-half of the revenues from the special ad valorem tax and four-tenths of the revenues from the existing ad valorem tax (subject only to prior pledges of and agreements pertaining to either thereof) as shall, together with any other moneys paid into the county facilities building fund, be sufficient to provide funds to make available county facilities for the county, either directly through payment of costs of county facilities or through payment of the principal of and interest (and premium, if any) on the securities authorized to be issued hereunder and on any related securities that may be issued by the county for the purpose of paying costs of county facilities, all to the end that adequate county facilities will be available in the county. Proceeds of the special taxes paid into the county facilities building fund that are not needed within 12 months of the date of such payment to pay principal of and interest on securities issued hereunder or on related securities or to refund securities shall be used to pay costs of constructing and maintaining the county facilities herein provided for, or to purchase and retire securities or related securities or to call securities or related securities for redemption prior to the maturity thereof.

(H) The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing, and authorization from or any other action by the legislature shall not be a prerequisite to the issuance of the securities hereunder or to the use of the proceeds of the special taxes as provided herein; provided, however, that the provisions of this amendment shall not become operative unless approved by a majority of the qualified electors of the county who vote thereon at a referendum election held for such purpose upon the call of the county commission, and provided further, that if this amendment is approved by the qualified electors of the county who vote thereon upon its submission, such election shall constitute a referendum held for such purpose and no further election need be called.

(I) It is hereby specifically declared that this amendment is not being proposed pursuant to the provisions of that certain amendment to the Constitution (known as Amendment No. 425) that was proposed by Act No. 82-330 adopted at the 1982 Regular Session of the legislature of Alabama, and provisions of the said Amendment 425 are hereby declared to be inapplicable to this amendment.

Amendment 445 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Amendment No. 432. Fire Protection Districts in Etowah County.

The Etowah county commission is authorized in its discretion to establish fire districts within the geographical boundaries of Etowah county, said districts to exclude any corporate municipality. Provided, however, any corporate municipality may request through resolution of its governing body to become subject to the provisions of this amendment upon the approval of the additional tax levied herein by a majority of the qualified electors of the corporate municipality.

The county commission is further authorized to enter into agreements with volunteer fire departments within such county for fire protection and services.

There is hereby levied, in addition to any taxes now authorized or that may be hereafter authorized by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, a fire protection tax of three mills. The fire protection tax levied herein shall be based upon the value of real and personal property assessed by affected property owners, as shown on the records of the tax assessor of Etowah county, Alabama, and shall be assessed and collected as are all ad valorem taxes in the county. The amount collected each year from assessment of this fire protection tax shall be paid into the county general fund and used in furtherance of fire protection within the affected area. Prior to the levy of the fire protection tax in a fire district, there shall be submitted to the electors of the district, at a special election called for that purpose in the district, the question of whether the said tax shall be levied, and the said tax shall be authorized at such election by a majority of the qualified electors within any particular fire district of the county or corporate municipality therein who vote at such election; provided further, that if a majority of the qualified electors of any of the fire districts participating in the election on the ratification of this amendment shall vote for the ratification of this amendment, then the approval of this amendment as expressed by the vote in said district in favor of its ratification shall, of itself, authorize the levy and collection of the tax for fire protection purposes in that fire district, commencing with the levy for the tax year for which taxes will become due and payable on October 1, 1985.

Elections on the question of the levy of a district fire protection tax may be held at any time and from time to time, provided, that if any such election held after the ratification of this amendment the proposal to levy the tax so submitted should be defeated then the proposal may not be submitted at another election held in the same district within two years from the last election held under this amendment.

Any act heretofore enacted regarding said Etowah county fire fighting districts is hereby ratified and confirmed insofar as it is consistent with this amendment.

Amendment 446 ratified[edit]

Bonds of Alabama State Docks Department not Debt of State.

Bonds or other securities issued by or on behalf of the Alabama state docks department shall not constitute a debt of the state within the meaning of Section 213 of this Constitution, as heretofore or hereafter amended, or any similar provision of this Constitution supplemental to, or superseding, said Section 213, as so amended, if by their terms such bonds or securities do not constitute a charge on the general credit or tax revenues of the state, but are payable solely from any or all of the revenues from any or all of the state docks facilities wherever situated (whether of [or] not such facilities were in existence or owned by or on behalf of the state at the time such bonds or securities were issued) or from sources other than state taxes, licenses or appropriations; provided, however, that the proceeds of any fee, tariff or charge (regardless of how denominated or calculated) collected by the Alabama state docks department in connection with the operation of the state docks facilities wherever situated shall be considered revenues from such facilities within the meaning of this amendment.

Amendment 447 ratified[edit]

General Obligation Bonds of Mobile County.

Section A. As used in this amendment the following terms shall be given the following respective meanings:

"COUNTY" means Mobile county.

"OUTSTANDING SECURITIES" means any bonds, warrants, notes or other securities issued by the county subsequent to September 30, 1979, and prior to February 1, 1984, that are payable in whole or in part out of proceeds received by the county from the ad valorem tax authorized by Section 215 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

"OUTSTANDING SPECIAL TAX SECURITIES" means any securities at the time outstanding that are payable in whole or in part out of proceeds of the special tax.

"SPECIAL TAX" means the annual ad valorem tax on each dollar of the assessed valuation of taxable property in the county authorized to be levied by the county by the amendment known as Amendment XVIII [18] to the Constitution of Alabama, as amended by the amendment to the Constitution known as Amendment CLII [152], and also provided for in the amendments to the Constitution known as Amendments C, CXXII, CLI, CXCIII, CXCV and CCC [100, 122, 151, 193, 195 and 300], and by procedures taken under the amendments to the Constitution known as Amendments CCCXXV and CCCLXXIII [325 and 373].

Section B. Mobile county is hereby authorized to apply proceeds of the special tax to the payment of the principal of and interest on and premium, if any, that will hereafter mature or otherwise become payable on the outstanding securities. The right of the county to apply the proceeds of the special tax for payment of the outstanding securities shall be subject to the provisions of this Constitution respecting the special tax and the pledge thereof for the benefit of the outstanding special tax securities. The proceeds of the special tax may be used for payment of the principal and interest on (and premium, if any) the outstanding securities, whether or not any bonds are issued hereunder.

Section C. Mobile county is hereby authorized to issue from time to time its bonds for the purpose of refunding all or any one or more of the issues of outstanding securities. The aggregate principal amount of all bonds at any time issued under this amendment, when added to the aggregate principal amount of all then outstanding bonds theretofore issued by the county under any other amendment to the Constitution of Alabama that are payable from or secured by the special tax shall not exceed 6 1/2 per centum of the assessed valuation of taxable property situated in the county as assessed for county taxation for the fiscal year of the county next preceding that during which any bonds herein authorized shall be issued.

No bonds may be issued under the authority of this amendment until after the question of the issuance of such bonds shall have been submitted to the qualified electors of the county at an election called for that purpose by the governing body of the county and a majority of the said qualified electors voting at the said election shall have voted in favor of the issuance of such bonds; provided, that if a majority of the qualified electors of the county participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment shall vote for the adoption thereof, then the approval of this amendment expressed by the said vote in favor of its adoption shall of itself authorize the issuance of the bonds provided for in the first sentence of this amendment and no additional election by the electors of the county shall be required to authorize the issuance of those bonds. If the majority of the qualified electors of the county participating in the election on the adoption of this amendment should not vote in favor of the adoption of this amendment, or if the majority of the qualified electors of the county voting at any election called by the governing body of the county under the provisions of this amendment should not vote in favor of the issuance of the bonds proposed at an election so called, the governing body of the county may from time to time call other elections hereunder on the issuance of such bonds, but not more than one such election shall be held during any period of twelve consecutive months. Any such election called by the governing body of the county shall be called, held, conducted and canvassed, and may be contested, in the manner and within the time provided by the then existing general laws of Alabama pertaining to elections on the issuance of bonds by counties.

The bonds issued hereunder shall be general obligations of the county for the payment of the principal of and interest on which the full faith and credit of the county shall be irrevocably pledged, and in addition thereto there shall be irrevocably pledged for payment of the said principal and interest so much of the special tax as may be necessary to pay the said principal and interest at their respective maturities, each such pledge to be on a parity with all valid pledges of the special tax at any time heretofore or hereafter made, to such extent as shall not impair the obligations of any then existing valid prior pledges.

All bonds issued under this amendment may be in such aggregate principal amounts, may be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturities, may be payable in such installments and at such time or times, not exceeding in the case of each such bond 30 years from its date, and may contain such provisions not inconsistent with this amendment as shall be provided in the proceedings of the governing body of the county whereunder such bonds shall be authorized to be issued. Except as herein otherwise provided, all bonds issued under this amendment shall be issued in accordance with, and shall be subject to, the provisions of the general laws of Alabama existing at the time of the issuance of such bonds respecting the sale, execution, issuance and redemption of bonds by counties. The indebtedness evidenced by the bonds issued under this amendment or under any other amendment to the Constitution which are payable out of or are secured by a pledge of the special tax shall be in addition to and shall not be charged against the limitation on the indebtedness of the county provided for in Section 224 of the Constitution.

So long as the principal of or interest on any of the bonds issued under this amendment remains unpaid, the governing body of Mobile county shall continue the levy of the special tax at such rate as may be sufficient to pay the said principal and interest at their respective maturities. The rate at which the county may levy the special tax is hereby fixed at 6 1/2 mills on each dollar of the assessed valuation of properties subject to taxation by the county as assessed for county taxation, which rate shall be the maximum rate at which the county may levy the special tax except to the extent that the said rate may be increased pursuant to provisions of this constitution hereafter adopted. Such rate shall not be subject to adjustment pursuant to the provisions of amendment 195 to the constitution.

Section D. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing, and authorization from or other action by the legislature shall not be a prerequisite to the issuance of bonds hereunder, the levy of the special tax for payment thereof, or the use of the proceeds of the special tax for the purpose of paying the principal of or interest on the outstanding securities.

Amendment 448 ratified[edit]

Paramount Duty of Legislature to Make Basic Appropriations at Regular Sessions.

(A) The following words and phrases, whenever used in this amendment, shall have the following respective meanings:

"Basic Appropriations" means, with respect to any regular session of the legislature, such appropriations as the legislature may deem appropriate for the expenditures by the state during the ensuing budget period for the ordinary expenses of the executive, legislative and judicial departments of the state, for payment of the public debt, and for education (excluding, however, any item within the scope of the foregoing that is at the time provided for by a continuing appropriation or otherwise).

"Budget Period" means a fiscal year of the state or such period other than [a] fiscal year as may hereafter be fixed by law as the period with respect to which state budgets are prepared and state appropriations are made.

(B) On or before the second legislative day of each regular session of the legislature, beginning with the first regular session after January 1, 1983, the governor shall transmit to the legislature for its consideration a proposed budget for the then next ensuing budget period.

(C) The duty of the legislature at any regular session to make the basic appropriations for any budget period that will commence before the first day of any succeeding regular session shall be paramount; and, accordingly, beginning with the first regular session held after January 1, 1983, no bill (other than a bill making any of the basic appropriations) shall be signed by either the presiding officer of the house or senate and transmitted to the other house until bills making the basic appropriations for the then ensuing budget period shall have been signed by the presiding officer of each house of the legislature in accordance with Section 66 of this Constitution and presented to the governor in accordance with Section 125 of this Constitution; provided, that this paragraph (C) shall not affect the adoption of resolutions or the conduct of any other legislative functions that do not require a third reading; and provided further, that following adoption, by vote of either house of not less than three-fifths of a quorum present, of a resolution declaring that the provisions of this paragraph (C) shall not be applicable in that house to a particular bill, which shall be specified in said resolution by number and title, the bill so specified may proceed to final passage therein.

(D) Upon the signing and presentation to the governor in accordance with the said Sections 66 and 125 of bills making the basic appropriations, the provisions of the foregoing paragraph (C) prohibiting the final passage of bills in the house and senate (other than bills making any part of the basic appropriations) shall cease to be effective and shall not be revived or become again effective as a result of (i) the subsequent legislative history of any bill so signed and presented, including any veto, return with executive amendment, or any other action, or failure to act, by either the governor or the legislature under the provisions of the said Section 125; or (ii) a determination, by either judicial decree or opinion of the justices of the Alabama Supreme Court, that any bill so signed and presented is wholly or in part invalid.

(E) The legislature may, by statute or rule, make such further provisions for the timely passage of bills making the basic appropriations as are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution.

(F) Nothing contained herein shall be construed as requiring the legislature to make any appropriation not otherwise required by this Constitution to be made.

Amendment 449 ratified[edit]

Eradication or Control of the Boll Weevil in Cotton.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the legislature may hereafter, by general law, provide for the eradication or control of the boll weevil in cotton. The legislature may provide for and is authorized to provide means and methods for the financing of this activity by prescribing a procedure whereby cotton growers may, by referendum held among such growers in this state, levy upon themselves and collect assessments, fees and charges, based upon the amount of acreage of cotton planted. The legislature is authorized to make provisions for non-payment of such assessments. The legislature shall provide for the collection and distribution of assessments or charges authorized hereunder and to provide penalties for failure to pay said assessments. The legislature shall provide for the designation of a non-profit organization which has been organized for the purpose of eradicating or controlling the boll weevil in cotton; to administer and carry out said eradication or control program; to also include conducting elections or referendums among cotton growers.

The legislature shall further provide for the deposit, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by the designated organization of any funds received, subject to the supervision and control of the activities authorized herein by the state department of agriculture and industries and the state board of agriculture and industries. Assessments, fees, or other charges collected as authorized by any legislative act adopted under authority hereof shall not be considered as a tax within the meaning of this Constitution or any provision thereof. The legislature shall further provide a procedure for the examination and auditing of said organization and for reasonable rules and regulations to be adopted by the state board of agriculture and industries; to effectively carry out the intent and purposes herein enumerated. Any uniformity requirements of this Constitution shall be satisfied by the application of the program to eradicate or control the boll weevil in cotton.

Amendment 450 ratified[edit]

Alabama Trust Fund.

Section 1. For the continuing benefit of the state of Alabama and the citizens thereof, there is hereby created an irrevocable, permanent trust fund named "the Alabama trust fund" which shall be funded and administered in accordance with the provisions of this amendment.

Section 2. As used in this amendment, the following words and phrases shall have the following respective meanings:

"BOARD" means the board of trustees of the trust fund.

"ELIGIBLE INVESTMENTS" means any of the following:

(1) Demand deposits (interest bearing) in federally insured banks and interest bearing deposits (whether or not evidenced by certificates of deposit) in federally insured banks; provided, however, that said deposits plus interest shall be fully secured by obligations described in subdivisions (2) and (3) of this definition, to the extent that said deposits plus interest exceed insurance available from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or from any agency of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;

(2) Bonds, notes and other evidences of indebtedness that are direct obligations of the United States of America or that are unconditionally guaranteed as to both principal and interest by the United States of America;

(3) Bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued or guaranteed by any federal agencies or government-sponsored enterprises authorized to issue their own debt instruments, including, without limitation to, the following: Federal Farm Credit Bank, Federal Intermediate Credit Banks, the Export-Import Bank of the United States, Federal Land Banks, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Governmental National Mortgage Association, the Federal Financing Bank, Federal Banks for Cooperatives, Federal Home Loan Banks, Federal Home and Loan Mortgage Association or the Farmers Home Administration;

(4) Repurchase agreements with federally insured banks or with government bond dealers reporting to and trading with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, provided that such repurchase agreements are secured by obligations described in subdivisions (2) and (3) of this definition; and

(5) Interest bearing time deposits (whether or not evidenced by certificates of deposit) in savings and loan associations (a) the deposits of which are insured to the maximum extent possible by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation or any agency of the United States of America that may succeed to its functions and (b) the principal office of which is located in the state; provided, however, that said deposits plus interest shall be secured by obligations described in subdivisions (2) and (3) of this definition, to the extent that said deposits plus interest exceed insurance available from the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation or from any agency of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation;

(6) Corporate securities, provided, however, that no more than a maximum of 25 percent of the trust capital may be invested in such securities by the Board at any time and provided further that no more than a maximum of one percent of the 25 percent may be invested in any one corporation. The legislature may provide authorization to the Board to invest up to a maximum of 40 percent in corporate securities by a three-fifths vote of the membership of both the house of representatives and the senate. All corporate securities shall at the time of purchase by the Board carry a rating of "A" or better by Moody's and/or Standard and Poors; provided, however, that if neither Moody's nor Standard and Poors is in existence or ceases to issue bond ratings, then, in that event, otherwise eligible corporate securities must carry one of the three highest grade or quality ratings issued by the securities rating firm that, in the opinion of the Board, is recognized as the most reputable.

"FEDERALLY INSURED BANK" means any bank which has its principal office located in Alabama, whether organized under the laws of the United States of America or the laws of this state, and which is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or which obtains deposit insurance to the maximum extent possible from any agency of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

"FISCAL YEAR" means the fiscal year of the state as may from time to time be provided by law.

"OIL AND GAS CAPITAL PAYMENT" means any payment (including any royalty payment) received after August 1, 1984, by the state or any agency or instrumentality thereof as all or part of the consideration for the sale, leasing or other disposition by the state or any agency or instrumentality thereof of any right to explore and drill for or to produce oil, gas or other hydrocarbon minerals in any area on the water side of the high water mark of Mobile Bay or in any other offshore area and shall include any revenue by the state from federal oil and gas leases off the coast of Alabama. Any royalty or other payment, with the exception of any taxes heretofore or hereafter levied that is based upon or determined with respect to, the production of oil, gas or other hydrocarbon minerals and that is paid to the state or any agency or instrumentality thereof regardless of the time of such payment shall be considered an oil and gas capital payment.

"STATE" means the state of Alabama.

"TRUST CAPITAL" means all assets of the trust fund other than trust income.

"TRUST FUND" means "the Alabama trust fund" created by this amendment.

"TRUST INCOME" means the net income received by the state, subsequent to the transfer of the initial trust capital by the state treasurer to the board, from the investment and reinvestment of all assets of the trust fund, determined in accordance with the provisions of this amendment.

"TRUSTEE" means a member of the board of trustees of the trust fund.

Section 3. (a) The trust fund shall be under the management and control of the board, and all powers necessary or appropriate for the management and control of the trust fund shall be vested solely in the board. The board shall have a membership of nine trustees consisting of the governor, the state treasurer, the director of finance (or such other official as may by law succeed to the responsibilities of the director of finance), three trustees appointed by the governor, two trustees appointed by the lieutenant governor, and one trustee appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives. The governor, the state treasurer and the director of finance shall each serve as a trustee ex officio, and the service of each such official as a trustee shall begin and end concurrently with the beginning and end of his or her tenure in such office. As promptly as practicable after the effective date of this amendment, the other trustees shall be appointed for the following initial terms: The trustees to be appointed by the governor shall be appointed for terms beginning immediately upon their respective appointments and ending at noon on October 1, in the first, second and third calendar years, respectively, next following the calendar year in which this amendment shall become effective; the trustees to be appointed by the lieutenant governor shall be appointed for terms beginning immediately upon their respective appointments and ending at noon on October 1, in the fourth and fifth calendar years, respectively, next following the calendar year in which this amendment shall become effective; and the trustee to be appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives shall be appointed for a term beginning immediately upon his or her appointment and ending at noon on October 1, in the sixth calendar year next following the calendar year in which this amendment shall become effective. Thereafter, the term of office of each appointed trustee shall be six years, commencing at noon on October 1 on which the term of the immediate predecessor trustee shall end.

(b) If at any time there shall be a vacancy among the appointed trustees, a successor trustee shall be appointed to serve for the unexpired term applicable to such vacancy. The appointment of each appointed trustee (other than those initially appointed), whether for a full six-year term or to complete an unexpired term, shall be made by the same officer of the state who appointed the trustee whose term shall have expired or is to expire or in whose position on the board a vacancy otherwise exists and shall be made not earlier than 30 days prior to the date on which such trustee is to take office as such. Each appointed trustee shall hold office from the effective date of his or her appointment by and with the consent of the senate and shall hold office until his or her successor is appointed as provided for herein. Trustees shall be eligible for reappointment without limit as to the number of terms previously served.

(c) At the beginning of each session of the legislature the governor shall certify to the senate for confirmation the names of all who shall have been appointed as trustees since the commencement of the last session of the legislature.

(d) Each appointed trustee shall, at the time of his or her appointment and at all times during his or her term of office, be a qualified elector of the state, and a failure by any trustee to remain so qualified during such term shall cause a vacancy of the office of such trustee. Each appointed trustee shall have recognized competence and experience in the evaluation and management of investments. Any appointed trustee may be impeached and removed from office as a trustee in the same manner and on the same grounds provided in section 174 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, or successor provision thereof, and the general laws of the state for impeachment and removal of the officers of the state subject to said section 174 or successor provision thereof. The governor, the state treasurer and the director of finance may not be impeached and removed from office as trustees apart from their impeachment and removal from the respective offices by virtue of which, ex officio, they serve as trustees.

(e) The governor, the state treasurer and the director of finance shall be entitled to vote, and shall perform the duties of trustees, ex officio, without any compensation other than that to which they are respectively entitled as governor, state treasurer and director of finance. Appointed trustees shall be entitled to such compensation for their services as may from time to time be provided by law duly enacted by the legislature, but the power to provide compensation of appointed trustees shall be discretionary with the legislature and nothing in this amendment shall be construed to confer upon such trustees an absolute right to any compensation for their services. Each trustee shall be reimbursed for expenses actually incurred in the performance of his or her duties as a trustee.

(f) A majority of the trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business by the board, and decisions shall be made on the basis of a majority of the quorum then present and voting, with each trustee to have a single vote. No vacancy in the membership of the board or the voluntary disqualification or abstention of any trustee shall impair the right of a quorum to exercise all of the powers and duties of the board. The governor shall be the chairman and presiding officer of the board. The director of finance shall be vice chairman, and the state treasurer shall serve as secretary. The board may appoint such other officers to perform such duties, not inconsistent with the provisions of this amendment or applicable law, as the board shall deem necessary or appropriate. In addition to such regular meetings of the board as may be provided by law or by bylaws or rules duly adopted by the board, special meetings of the board may be called by the governor acting alone or by any three other trustees acting in concert, in each case upon two days' notice to each trustee given in person or by registered letter or telegram; provided, however, that such notice to each trustee may be waived by such trustee, either before or after the meeting with respect to which such notice would otherwise be required. Any meeting held by the board for any purpose shall be open to the public, except that executive sessions may be held by the board when the character or good name of a person is involved. All proceedings of the board, except executive sessions, shall be reduced to writing on behalf of the board and maintained in the permanent records of the board, a copy of which shall be filed in the principal office of the board and shall be open for public inspection there during regular business hours. The principal office of the board shall be the principal office of the director of finance.

(g) No trustee shall vote on or participate in the discussion or consideration of any matter coming before the board in which such trustee, personally or through family connections or business associations, has any direct or indirect pecuniary interest, including, but without limitation thereto, decisions of the board concerning the investment of moneys constituting part of the trust fund in any deposit or obligation of any bank or corporation in which such trustee may have such an interest. If there shall be brought before the board any matter in which a trustee shall have any interest which may conflict with his or her duties as a trustee, he or she shall immediately make a complete disclosure to the board of such interest and shall thereafter withdraw from participation in any deliberation and decision of the board with respect to such matter.

(h) The board shall have all of the powers necessary to carry out and effectuate the purposes and provisions of this amendment, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the following powers:

(1) To adopt, alter and repeal bylaws, regulations and rules for the regulation and conduct of its affairs and business;

(2) To make, enter into and execute contracts, agreements and other instruments and to take such other actions as may be necessary or convenient to accomplish any purpose for which the trust fund was created or to exercise any power expressly, or by reasonable implication, granted by this amendment;

(3) To enter into contracts with, to accept aid and grants from, to cooperate with and to do any and all things that may be necessary in order to avail itself of the aid and cooperation of the United States of America, the state or any agency, instrumentality or political subdivision of either thereof in furtherance of the purposes of this amendment; and

(4) To appoint, employ and contract with such employees, agents, advisors and consultants, including, but not limited to, attorneys, accountants, financial experts and such other advisors, consultants and agents as may in its judgment be necessary or desirable, and to fix their compensation; provided, however, that any obligation created or assumed by the board shall not create any pecuniary obligation or liability of the state or the trust fund other than such as shall be payable out of moneys appropriated by the legislature to defray the expenses of the board in carrying out the purposes of this amendment. No lien or charge against any assets of the trust fund for any purpose whatsoever shall be created by or result from any law enacted by the legislature or any action taken by the board or any other department, agency or instrumentality of the state.

(i) The expenses of making and disposing of investments, such as brokerage commissions, legal expenses referable to a particular transaction, transfer taxes and other customary transactional expenses shall be payable out of any trust income of the trust fund. The legislature shall provide for the administrative and other necessary expenses of the board in the same manner as it provides for the expenses of operating other departments and agencies of the state.

Section 4. (a) There shall be transferred from the general fund of the state into the trust fund, as the initial trust capital, moneys in an amount equal to the sum of all proceeds of any oil and gas capital payments received by the state pursuant to the sealed bids awarded on August 14, 1984, including any revenues and earnings deposited in any fund pursuant to section 9-17-68, Code of Alabama 1975; provided, however, that the division of lands of the department of conservation and natural resources shall be entitled to four percent of the $347,483,000 which has been received by the state pursuant to the sealed bids awarded on August 14, 1984, which sum shall be carried in the state treasury to the credit of the state lands fund.

Promptly following the effective date of this amendment, the state treasurer shall take all actions necessary to transfer to the board the possession, control and management of the initial trust capital. If at the time of such transfer into the trust fund all or part of the initial trust capital is invested in certificates of deposit or other investments which cannot be converted into cash prior to the maturity thereof without loss of interest or other penalty, the state treasurer shall directly transfer such certificates of deposit or other investments to the board as part of the initial trust capital without first converting the same into cash. In the event that any certificates of deposit or other investments shall be transferred into the trust fund, the initial trust capital shall not include the income or profit from such certificates of deposit or other investments that has been received by the state on or before such transfer or that constitutes accrued interest, amortized discount or other amounts which in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, should be considered as having been earned by the state as of the date of such transfer. Any such income or profits from such certificates of deposit or other investments that has been received by the state on or before such transfer shall remain in the general fund subject to appropriation by the legislature. To the extent that any income or profit derived from such certificates of deposits or other investments is referable to any period after the transfer thereof into the trust fund, such income or profit shall not constitute trust capital nor trust income but shall remain in the general fund subject to appropriation by the legislature.

(b) The trust capital shall be augmented by (i) such other moneys or assets as the legislature may by law appropriate and transfer to the trust fund as a permanent part thereof; (ii) such other moneys or assets as may be contributed to the trust fund from any source; and (iii) all proceeds of any oil and gas capital payments as defined in this amendment subsequent to August 14, 1984; provided, however, that the division of lands of the department of conservation and natural resources shall be entitled to one percent of all proceeds of any oil and gas capital payments as defined in this amendment subsequent to August 14, 1984, which sum shall be carried in the state treasury to the credit of the state lands fund. In addition, within 90 days after September 1, 2001, the board of trustees of the Alabama heritage trust fund shall transfer the trust capital of the Alabama heritage trust fund to the Alabama trust fund and shall transfer the trust income of the Alabama heritage trust fund to the state general fund. The trust capital received by the Alabama trust fund from the Alabama heritage trust fund shall thereafter be trust capital of the Alabama trust fund. The Alabama heritage trust fund, the board of trustees of the Alabama heritage trust fund, and all other aspects of the Alabama heritage trust fund shall terminate and dissolve 90 days after September 1, 2001.

(c) Provided, however, beginning with state fiscal year 1989-90, one percent of the income from the Alabama trust fund shall be reinvested in the Alabama trust fund; two percent of such income shall be reinvested in the following year; and one additional percent of such income each subsequent year shall be reinvested until a total of 10 percent of such income from the Alabama trust fund each year shall be reinvested in the Alabama trust fund.

Section 5. (a) The trust capital shall be held in perpetual trust and shall not be appropriated by the legislature or expended or disbursed for any purpose other than to acquire eligible investments in accordance with the provisions of this amendment. All eligible investments acquired, in whole or in part, with moneys constituting part of the trust capital shall to the extent of such moneys constitute part of the trust capital, but any trust income derived therefrom shall be paid directly into the general fund as it is received by the board, subject to appropriation and withdrawal by the legislature.

(b) To the extent practicable, the board shall keep all moneys at any time held in the trust fund invested in such eligible investments as shall, in its sole and uncontrolled judgment, produce the greatest trust income over the term of such investments while preserving the trust capital. In making any investment of moneys held in the trust fund, the board shall exercise the judgment and care, under the circumstances prevailing at the time of such investment, which an institutional investor of the highest standard of prudence, intelligence and financial expertise would exercise in the management and investment of large assets entrusted to it not for the purpose of speculative profit but for the permanent generation and disposition of funds, considering the probable safety of capital as well as the expected amount and frequency of income. The board shall have full power and authority to select the eligible investments in which moneys held in the trust fund shall at any time be invested, and, to the extent not inconsistent with any express provision of this amendment, the eligible investments so selected shall be acquired from such issuers, underwriters, brokers or other sellers on such terms and conditions; shall be acquired for purchase prices reflecting such discount below or premium above the par or face amount thereof; shall bear such dates and be in such form, denominations and series; shall mature or be subject to mandatory redemption on such dates; shall bear interest at such rate or rates payable at such intervals or, alternatively, shall provide income to the holder thereof in such manner (including, without limitation thereto, the purchase of such investments at a discount which represents all or part of the income or profit derived therefrom); shall be unsecured or secured in such manner and subject to the provisions of Section 2, paragraphs 2 and 3; shall contain such provisions for prepayment or redemption at the option of the issuer or obligor; and shall contain or be subject to such other provisions as shall, in all of the foregoing respects, be determined by the board in exercise of its sole and uncontrolled judgment. The board shall have full power and authority to invest the trust capital in any eligible investments producing trust income in accordance with such schedule as the board shall, in the exercise of its sole and uncontrolled judgment, determine to be in the best interests of the state, and in determining such schedule the board may emphasize future benefits in preference to near-term needs. The board shall have complete and uncontrolled discretion in making decisions as to when moneys in the trust fund shall be invested, as to the purchase price or other acquisition cost to be paid or incurred in acquiring investments for the trust fund, as to when investments constituting part of the trust fund shall be sold, liquidated or otherwise disposed of, and, as to the amount and nature of the price or other consideration to be received by the trust fund upon the sale, liquidation or other disposition of investments constituting part of the trust fund. No law shall be enacted nor any action taken by the executive department of the state which impairs or interferes with the power, authority and discretion conferred upon the board by this amendment with respect to the acquisition, management, control and disposition of investments at any time constituting part of the trust fund.

(c) To the extent appropriate and not at the time prohibited by law, the board shall use the facilities of the state treasurer in the administration of the trust fund, including, but without limitation thereto, the keeping of records, the management of bank accounts, the transfer of funds and the safekeeping of securities evidencing investments.

(d) The board shall cause an annual audit of the trust fund to be performed for each fiscal year by the state examiners of public accounts or, in the discretion of the board, by an independent certified public accounting firm and shall cause a report of such audit to be prepared in accordance with applicable accounting principles. The board shall cause to be prepared and publicized such financial and other information concerning the trust fund as may from time to time be provided by law duly enacted by the legislature, but in the absence of any law directing the preparation and publication of different reports, the board shall cause to be prepared and made public, within 30 days after the end of each quarterly period in each fiscal year, a report containing (i) a statement of the trust capital then held in the trust fund showing any changes thereto since the last quarterly report, (ii) a statement of the trust income received during the quarterly period in question, (iii) a statement of the investments then held in the trust fund including descriptions thereof and the respective values thereof, (iv) a statement of the trust income received to date during the current fiscal year, and (v) any other information determined by the board to reflect a full and complete disclosure of the financial operations of the fund.

Section 6. An individual trustee shall not in any way be personally liable for any liability, loss or expense suffered by the trust fund unless such liability, loss or expense arises out of or results from the willful misconduct or wrongdoing of such trustee.

Section 7. This amendment shall be self-executing, but the legislature shall have the right and power to enact laws supplemental to this amendment and in furtherance of the purposes and objectives thereof, provided that such laws are not inconsistent with the express provisions of this amendment.

Amendment 451 ratified[edit]

Soil and Water Conservation Commission.

The legislature by general law may provide for the creation and organization of a commission charged with the responsibility of improving soil and water conservation and forestry practices within the state, and in order to further the carrying out of that responsibility the legislature may appropriate moneys to such commission for the purpose of meeting the expenses of the commission and to allow the commission to share, through a cost-sharing award or grant program, the costs of soil conservation projects and practices, water quality improvements, reforestation projects and improved forestry practices on or with respect to agricultural or timber lands in the state owned or operated by individuals or other types of persons specified by the legislature, sections 93 and 94 of this Constitution, as amended, to the contrary notwithstanding. In any law enacted by the legislature respecting soil and water conservation cost-sharing grants as contemplated hereby, the legislature shall provide for the powers of the commission and for the receipt, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by such commission of any appropriated moneys and other funds received by the commission to fund its expenses and cost-sharing programs. The legislature shall provide that such commission shall consist of such citizens of the state [as] may be designated by law by the legislature, provided that [the] legislature may designate as ex officio members of the commission persons who are holders of other public offices or officers of such private organizations and associations as the legislature may designate that are interested in agricultural or timber property and soil and water conservation practices related thereto. Moneys appropriated to such commission for cost-sharing grants to be made pursuant to criteria provided by the legislature or promulgated by the commission pursuant to legislative delegation of the power so to do, shall be invested by the commission at its direction, or retained in the state treasury as the commission shall determine, until expended at the direction of the commission, provided that none of such appropriated moneys shall revert to the fund or funds from which they were appropriated in the event such moneys remain undisbursed or unencumbered on the last day of the fiscal year of the state in which they were appropriated to the commission, but rather shall remain available for disbursement by the commission in its programs in subsequent fiscal years.

Amendment 452 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Amendment No. 201. Promotion of Cattle Industry.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the legislature may hereafter, by general law, provide for the promotion of the production, distribution, marketing, use, improvement and sale of cattle. The legislature may provide for the promotion of cattle and the cattle industry by research, education, advertising and other methods, and the legislature is further authorized to provide means and methods for the financing of any such promotional activity by prescribing a procedure whereby owners of cattle may by referendum held among the owners of cattle in this state levy upon themselves and collect assessments, fees, or charges upon the sale of cattle for the financing of any promotional program or activity in cooperation with processors, dealers and handlers of cattle. The legislature shall make provisions for the nonpayment of assessments by cattle owners, and for the refund of assessments to any cattle owner dissatisfied with the assessment program. The legislature shall provide for the collection and distribution of any such assessments or charges by dealers, handlers, processors and purchasers of cattle and provide penalties for failure to make collection and distribution of such assessments. The legislature shall provide for the designation of a nonprofit association or organization organized for the promotion and betterment of cattle and beef products to administer and carry out such promotional program which shall include the conducting of elections or referendums among cattle owners. The legislature shall further provide for the deposit, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by the designated association of any funds received subject to the supervision and control of the activities authorized herein by the department of agriculture and industries and the state board of agriculture and industries. Assessments, fees or other charges collected as authorized by any legislative act adopted in pursuance hereof shall not be considered as a tax within the meaning of this Constitution or any provision thereof. Any uniformity requirements of this Constitution shall be satisfied by the application of the program upon cattle and beef products.

Amendment 453 ratified[edit]

Promotion of Grain Industry.

The legislature may hereafter, by general law, provide for the promotion of the production, distribution, improvement, marketing, use and sale of wheat and other feed grains as defined and authorized by the legislature. The legislature may provide for the promotion of wheat and other feed grains and wheat and other feed grain products by research, education, advertising and other methods. The legislature is further authorized to provide means and methods for the financing of any such promotional activity by prescribing a procedure whereby producers of wheat and other feed grains may by referendum among such producers levy upon themselves and collect assessments, fees, or charges upon the sale of wheat and other feed grains for the financing of any such promotional program or activity in cooperation with buyers, processors, dealers, and handlers of wheat and other feed grains. The legislature may make provisions for the non-payment of assessments by wheat and other feed grain producers, and shall make provisions for the refund of assessments to any wheat and other feed grain producer who does not desire to participate in an assessment program. The legislature shall provide for the collection, disbursement, distribution or expenditure of assessments or charges authorized hereunder and to provide penalties for failure to make collection and distribution of assessments. The legislature shall provide for the designation of a nonprofit association or organization for the promotion and betterment of wheat and other feed grains and wheat and other feed grain products to administer and carry out such promotional program which shall include the conducting of elections or referendums among producers of wheat and other feed grains. The legislature may provide the manner by which such referendum is held, including the procedure for application for approval to conduct the referendum, the appropriate action to be taken by the state board of agriculture and industries on such application, the requirements and eligibility of the association or organization which will conduct such referendum, the procedures for voting and eligibility to vote in such referendum, the details of the conduct of such referendum. The legislature shall further provide for the deposit, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by the designated association of any funds received subject to the supervision and control of the activities as authorized herein by the department of agriculture and industries and the state board of agriculture and industries. The legislature shall further provide a procedure whereby said association or organization is bonded, for the examination and auditing of said association or organization, and for reasonably necessary rules and regulations to be adopted by the state board of agriculture and industries to effectively carry out the intent and purposes herein enumerated. Assessments, fees or other charges collected as authorized by any legislative act adopted under authority hereof shall not be considered as a tax within the meaning of the Constitution or any provision thereof. Any uniformity requirements of this Constitution shall be satisfied by the application of the program upon wheat and other feed grains.

Amendment 454 ratified[edit]

Conveyance of Alabama State Docks Department Property.

The state of Alabama, through the Alabama state docks department, is authorized to convey, without consideration, title to its real property, equipment and facilities located in Lauderdale county, Alabama, and known as the Alabama State Docks to the Florence-Lauderdale County Port Authority, a public corporation, but subject to existing leases and other contractual agreements now in effect. Any laws or parts of laws or any provisions of the Constitution of 1901, as amended, which are in conflict with this amendment are hereby revised, superseded and repealed to the extent they are in conflict with this amendment.

The state of Alabama, through the Alabama state docks department, is authorized to convey, without consideration, title to its real property, equipment and facilities located in Morgan county, Alabama, and known as the Alabama State Docks to the Decatur-Morgan County Port Authority, a public corporation, and in Walker county, Alabama, known as the State Docks in Cordova in Walker county to the Walker county commission, but subject to existing leases and other contractual agreements now in effect. Any laws or parts of laws or any provisions of the Constitution of 1901, as amended, which are in conflict with this amendment are hereby revised, superseded and repealed to the extent they are in conflict with this amendment. The provisions herein shall be self-executing.

Amendment 455 ratified[edit]

Repeal of School Tax Exemptions in Madison County.

All exemptions authorized by section 40-9-19, Code of Alabama 1975, as amended, against that portion of any local ad valorem taxes levied on any property situated in Madison county that upon collection has the proceeds thereof earmarked for public school purposes are hereby repealed and such exemptions shall no longer be granted against said portion of such local taxes.

Amendment 456 ratified[edit]

Hartselle City School Taxes.

The school district taxes now levied and collected for the Hartselle city board of education and authorized by law shall be continued upon approval of this amendment by the qualified electors voting thereon in said school district. Said taxes shall be continued for a period of thirty years, commencing October 1, 1987. Notice shall be given, the ballot prepared and the election conducted in the same manner as required by law for elections on school district taxes and constitutional amendments. The ballot shall be substantially as follows: "For continuation of all school district taxes now provided by law? Yes ... No ... ." If a majority of the qualified electors voting thereon shall vote in favor of continuing such taxes then the said taxes shall be continued; if a majority of the qualified electors voting thereon vote in opposition of continuing such taxes then the provisions of this act shall become null and void and have no effect.

Only the persons who at the time of the election are qualified voters of said district 70 shall be entitled to participate in the question.

The provisions of this act shall be construed in pari materia with all other provisions relating to school district taxes in Morgan county, except as there is a direct conflict herewith.

Amendment 457 ratified[edit]

Morgan County Sheriff's Reserve.

The Morgan county commission is authorized to grant money to the Morgan county sheriff's reserve. Any purchases with said monies [moneys] in the Morgan county sheriff's reserve shall be the property of the Morgan county sheriff's office.

Amendment 458 ratified[edit]

Truck Tax Established by Pike County Commission.

Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, the Pike county commission is hereby authorized to establish, by validly enacted ordinance, the rate of all local ad valorem taxes, whether levied by local governing bodies of other lawful entities, on all truck-tractors, trailers and semitrailers located within the county.

Amendment 459 ratified[edit]

Judge of Probate of Randolph County.

The legislature may hereafter, from time to time, by general, special or local laws, fix, regulate and alter the fees, commissions, allowances or salaries to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Randolph county, and may put such officer on a salary basis and provide for operation of his office on such basis.

Amendment 460 ratified[edit]

Annexation in St. Clair County.

Any municipality that was not located wholly or in part within the boundaries of St. Clair county prior to January 1, 1985, shall not annex any territory within St. Clair county without the approval of the electorate of St. Clair county expressed in a vote on the issue of said annexation.

The provisions of this amendment shall not apply to any municipality incorporated in the future that lies entirely within the boundaries of St. Clair county.

The provisions of this amendment shall not apply to any territory presently annexed within St. Clair county by a municipality located outside of the county.

The legislature may pass local or general acts to supplement this amendment, so long as such acts do not contravene the provisions of this amendment.

Amendment 461 ratified[edit]

Additional Ad Valorem Tax in Wilcox County.

There is hereby levied an additional ad valorem tax, in Wilcox county, on taxable property, at a rate not to exceed an additional 10 mills on each dollar of taxable property in such county. The net revenues generated by said additional tax shall be allocated in the county treasury in the following manner:

3 mills to the public school fund;

7 mills to the county general fund.

The provisions of this amendment shall be implemented upon its passage and ratification.

Act 85-410, H. 777, Regular Session 1985, a constitutional amendment proposing higher ad valorem taxes and which proposed act is pending ratification by the people, is hereby repealed and rescinded.

Amendment 462 ratified[edit]

City of Ozark Special Property Tax.

The city of Ozark shall have the power to levy and collect a special property tax, in addition to all other taxes now or hereafter authorized by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, of not exceeding seven-tenths of one percent of the value of the taxable property situated within the corporate limits of the city, as assessed for state taxation during the preceding year, the proceeds of which shall be used exclusively for educational purposes, but may be pledged to the payment of the principal of and interest on bonds, warrants, or other evidences of indebtedness issued for public school purposes, which pledges shall take priority as provided in such bonds, warrants or other evidences of indebtedness; provided that such tax and the purpose or purposes thereof and the time such tax is proposed to be continued, shall have been first submitted to a vote of the qualified electors of the city and voted for by a majority of those voting at the election. Elections on proposals to levy this tax on property situated within the corporate limits of Ozark shall be ordered and held in the same manner as provided by the law applicable to municipal corporations for elections to authorize the issuance of municipal bonds. The additional tax, authorized by this amendment to be levied on property situated within the corporate limits of Ozark[,] shall be collected in the same manner and under the same requirements and laws as other taxes levied on property by the city of Ozark are collected, and the revenues derived from this tax shall be used solely for school construction and other educational purposes within the limits of the city of Ozark.

If any proposal to levy a tax hereunder is defeated in any election, subsequent elections thereon may be held at any time.

This amendment shall be self-executing.

Amendment 463 ratified[edit]

Mobile County Bond Issuance.

Section A. As used in this amendment the following terms shall be given the following respective meanings:

"COUNTY" means Mobile county.

"OUTSTANDING WARRANTS" means those two general obligation warrants of the county, each in the principal amount of $1,000,000, dated April 15, 1986 and maturing October 15, 1986, and any of the county's notes, warrants or bonds issued after October 1, 1986 to refund such general obligation warrants.

"SPECIAL TAX" means the annual ad valorem tax at the rate of 65 one-hundredths of 1 per centum (equivalent to 6 1/2 mills on each dollar) of the assessed valuation of the taxable property in the county authorized to be levied by the county by the amendment known as Amendment XVIII [18] to the Constitution of Alabama, as amended by the amendments to the Constitution known as Amendments CLII [152], CCCI [301] and CCCLXIII [363], and also provided for in the Amendments to the Constitution known as Amendments C [100], CXXII [122], CLI [151], CXCIII [193], CXCV [195] [,] CCC [300], and CDXLVII [447].

Section B. The county is hereby authorized to issue from time to time its bonds, not exceeding $14,500,000 in aggregate principal amount, of which not in excess of $2,000,000 in aggregate principal amount shall be issued for the purpose of acquiring and improving, alone or in conjunction with other counties or municipal corporations, certain land located in the county for use by the Department of the Navy of the United States of America; not in excess of $2,000,000 in aggregate principal amount shall be issued for the purpose of acquiring and/or developing land, in one or more locations, for use as one or more industrial parks; not in excess of $500,000 in aggregate principal amount shall be issued for the purpose of constructing and equipping an intergovernmental office and service center for agricultural agencies; not in excess of $3,500,000 in aggregate principal amount shall be issued for the purpose of acquiring, constructing and equipping additions and improvements to the present county courthouse building in the county; not in excess of $4,500,000 in aggregate principal amount shall be issued for the purpose of acquiring, constructing and equipping additions and improvements to the present county jail facilities in the county; and not in excess of $2,000,000 in aggregate principal amount shall be issued for the purpose of refunding all or any portion of the outstanding warrants.

Section C. The county is hereby authorized to issue from time to time its bonds for the purpose of refunding all or any portion of any obligations of the county outstanding as of October 1, 1986 which are payable out of the proceeds of the special tax. Such bonds may be issued in any principal amount so long as the net proceeds of the sale thereof, after payment of expenses of issuance and sale thereof, do not exceed the principal amount of the obligations to be refunded. Part of the cash proceeds paid to the county at the time of the sale of any such refunding bonds as a result of decreased debt service may be used by the governing body of the county to finance salary increases or bonuses for employees of the county, not to exceed five percent (5%) across the board for all employees.

Section D. The aggregate principal amount of all bonds at any time issued under this amendment, when added to the aggregate principal amount of all then outstanding bonds theretofore issued by the county under any other amendment to the Constitution of Alabama that are payable from or secured by the special tax shall not exceed 6 1/2 per centum of the assessed valuation of the taxable property situated in the county as assessed for state taxation for the state tax year next preceding that during which any bonds herein authorized shall be issued.

No bonds may be issued under the authority of this amendment until after the question of the issuance of such bonds shall have been submitted to the qualified electors of the county at any election called for that purpose by the governing body of the county and a majority of the said qualified electors voting at the said election shall have voted in favor of the issuance of such bonds; provided, that if a majority of the qualified electors of the county participating in the election at which this amendment is voted on and voting on the question of the adoption of this amendment shall vote for the adoption thereof, then the approval of this amendment expressed by the said vote in favor of its adoption shall of itself authorize the issuance of the bonds provided for in this amendment and no additional election by the electors of the county shall be required to authorize the issuance of the said bonds. If the majority of the qualified electors of the county participating in the election at which this amendment is voted on and voting on the question of the adoption of this amendment should not vote in favor of the adoption of this amendment, or if the majority of the qualified electors of the county voting at any election called by the governing body of the county under the provisions of this amendment should not vote in favor of the issuance of the bonds proposed at an election so called, the governing body of the county may from time to time call other elections hereunder on the issuance of such bonds, but not more than one such election shall be held during any period of twelve consecutive months. Any such election called by the governing body of the county shall be called, held, conducted and canvassed, and may be contested, in the manner and within the time provided by the then existing general laws of Alabama pertaining to elections on the issuance of bonds by counties.

The bonds issued hereunder shall be general obligations of the county for the payment of the principal of and interest on which the full faith and credit of the county shall be irrevocably pledged, and in addition thereto there shall be irrevocably pledged for payment of the said principal and interest so much of the special tax as may be necessary to pay the said principal and interest at the respective maturities of such bonds, each such pledge to be on a parity with all valid pledges of the special tax at any time heretofore or hereafter made, to such extent as shall not impair the obligation of any than existing valid prior pledges.

Bonds may be issued under this amendment in one or more series, and may bear interest which is tax exempt under the laws of the state of Alabama and the United States of America or which is not exempt from such taxation. Bonds issued hereunder may be sold at either public or private sale in such manner, at such price or prices and at such time or times as may be determined by the governing body of the county to be most advantageous. The principal of each series of bonds issued under this amendment shall mature in annual installments, the first of which installments shall mature not later than three (3) years after the date of the bonds of that series and the last of which shall mature not later than thirty (30) years after the date of the bonds of that series and otherwise may mature in such amounts during each fiscal year of the county as the governing body of the county shall determine, without regard to the limitations set forth in the amendment to the Constitution known as Amendment CLII [152]; provided, that the maturities of each series of bonds issued under this amendment shall be arranged so that the aggregate amount of principal and interest that will mature in any one fiscal year with respect to that series of bonds, and also all other bonds theretofore issued by the county and then outstanding that are payable out of or secured by a pledge of the special tax, shall not exceed the amount of the proceeds collected from the special tax during the then next preceding tax year. Except as herein otherwise provided, all bonds issued under this amendment shall be issued in accordance with, and shall be subject to, the provisions of the general laws of Alabama existing at the time of the issuance of such bonds respecting the sale, execution, issuance and redemption of bonds by counties. The indebtedness evidenced by the bonds issued under this amendment or under any other amendment to the Constitution which are payable out of or are secured by a pledge of the special tax shall be in addition to and shall not be charged against the limitation on the indebtedness of the county provided for in section 224 of the Constitution.

The governing body of the county shall comply with the provisions of the state of Alabama competitive bid law (section 41-16-20, et seq., Code of Alabama of 1975), to the extent such law is applicable.

Section E. So long as the principal of or interest on any of the bonds issued under this amendment remains unpaid, the governing body of the county shall continue the levy of the special tax at such rate as may be sufficient to pay the said principal and interest at their respective maturities; provided, that the total rate of the special tax that may be levied and collected for payment of the said bonds and all other bonds payable out of or secured by a pledge of the special tax shall not exceed the rate at which the county may levy the special tax as fixed under the amendment to the Constitution known as Amendment CDXLVII [447], except to the extent that the said rate may be increased pursuant to provisions of this Constitution hereafter adopted. Such rate shall not be subject to adjustment pursuant to the provisions of the amendment to the Constitution known as Amendment CXCV [195].

Section F. This amendment is not intended to ratify or validate any contractual arrangements heretofore or hereafter entered into with respect to the sale of any bonds issued and sold hereunder.

Section G. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing, and authorization from, or other action by, the legislature shall not be a prerequisite to the issuance of bonds hereunder or the levy of the special tax for payment thereof.

Amendment 464 ratified[edit]

Clarke County Fire Districts.

The Clarke county commission is hereby authorized in its discretion to establish fire districts within the geographical boundaries of Clarke county. The boundaries of such fire districts may be rearranged at the discretion of the county commission as it deems necessary, from time to time, to maximize fire protection services in the county. The county commission may use the corporate limits of the various towns and municipalities in the county as boundaries for fire districts. In such situations, such town or municipal fire district shall have its own volunteer fire department functioning within its boundaries. Each fire district established in an area located outside of the corporate limits of a town or municipality shall likewise have its own volunteer fire department functioning strictly within its district boundaries.

The county commission is further authorized to enter into agreements with volunteer fire departments within such county for fire protection and services.

There is hereby levied, in addition to any taxes now authorized or that may be hereafter authorized by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, a fire protection tax of two mills. The fire protection tax levied herein shall be based upon the value of real and personal property assessed by affected property owners, as shown on the records of the tax assessor of Clarke county, Alabama, and shall be assessed and collected as are all ad valorem taxes in the county. The amount collected each year from assessment of this fire protection tax shall be paid into the county general fund and used in furtherance of fire protection within the affected area. Prior to the levy of the fire protection tax in said county, there shall be submitted to the electors of said county, at a special election called for that purpose in said county, the question of whether the said tax shall be levied, and the said tax shall be authorized at such election by a majority of the qualified electors within the said county who vote at such election; provided further, that if a majority of the qualified electors of said county participating in the election on the ratification of this amendment shall vote for the ratification of this amendment, then the approval of this amendment as expressed by the vote in said county in favor of its ratification shall, of itself, authorize the levy and collection of the tax for fire protection purposes in said county, commencing with the levy for the tax year for which taxes will become due and payable on October 1, 1987.

Elections on the question of the levy of a fire protection tax in said county may be held at any time and from time to time, provided, that if any such election held after the ratification of this amendment the proposal to levy the tax so submitted should be defeated then the proposal may not be submitted at another election held in said county within two years from the last election held under this amendment.

Amendment 465 ratified[edit]

City of Jackson Port Authority.

Section 1. The governing body of the city of Jackson, Clarke county, Alabama, is hereby authorized to declare by the adoption of appropriate resolution, the need for the formation of a public corporation to carry out the provisions of this act. Upon the adoption of such resolution the governing body of the city of Jackson shall appoint five persons, each of whom must be a duly qualified elector and property owner in the said city of Jackson, who shall form the board of directors of such corporation and shall proceed to organize such corporation.

Section 2. (a) The certificate of incorporation shall set forth:

(1) The names and resident addresses of the persons forming the corporation, together with a recital that each of them is a duly qualified elector of and property owner in the city of Jackson;

(2) The name of the corporation;

(3) A recital that the governing body of the city of Jackson has declared by the adoption of an appropriate resolution the need for the formation of the corporation;

(4) The location of the principal office of the corporation;

(5) A statement that the corporation is organized for the purposes set forth in this amendment with all the powers and authorities specified in this amendment;

(6) The period of the duration of the corporation; and

(7) Any other matters which the persons forming the corporation may choose to insert therein which shall not be inconsistent with this amendment or with the laws of the state of Alabama.

(b) The name designated for the corporation in the certificate of incorporation shall be one indicating the purpose thereof, such as the "city of Jackson port authority" or some other name of similar import.

(c) The certificate of incorporation shall be subscribed and acknowledged by each of the persons forming the corporation before an officer or officers authorized by the laws of the state of Alabama to take acknowledgements to deeds, and the certificate of incorporation shall have attached thereto a certified copy of the resolution provided for in section 1, and a certificate by the secretary of state that the name proposed for the corporation is not identical with that of any other corporation in the state or so nearly similar thereto as to lead to confusion and uncertainty.

Section 3. The certificate of incorporation, when executed and acknowledged in conformity with section 2, shall be filed with the judge of probate of Clarke county and with the secretary of state. The judge of probate shall thereupon examine the certificate of incorporation and, if he finds that the recitals contained therein are correct, that the requirements of section 2 have been complied with, and that the name is not identical with or so nearly similar to that of another corporation already in existence in this state so as to lead to confusion and uncertainty, he shall approve the certificate of incorporation and record it in an appropriate book or record in his office and shall also file the certificate of incorporation with the secretary of state. When such certificate is so filed, the corporation referred to therein shall come into existence and shall constitute a public body corporate and politic, vested with the rights and powers herein granted.

Section 4. The certificate of incorporation of the corporation incorporated under the provisions of this amendment may at any time and from time to time be amended in the manner provided in this section. The board shall first adopt a resolution adopting an amendment to the certificate of incorporation which shall be set forth in full in the said resolution and which amendment may include any matters which might have been included in the original certificate of incorporation.

After the adoption of the resolution proposing an amendment to the certificate of incorporation of the corporation by the board, the president and secretary of the board shall sign and file for record in the office of the judge of probate in Clarke county and in the office of the secretary of state a certificate in the name of and in behalf of the corporation under its seal, reciting the adoption of said resolution by the board. The judge of probate for Clarke county shall thereupon record such certificate in an appropriate book in his office. When such certificate has been so filed and recorded, such amendment shall become effective, and the certificate of incorporation shall thereupon be amended to the extent provided in the amendment.

Section 5. (a) The corporation shall have a board of directors in which all of the powers of the corporation shall be vested pursuant to its authority, and which shall consist of five members. The directors shall be appointed by the governing body of the city of Jackson; the places on the board shall be numbered from one through five as follows, and the terms of office of the directors shall be staggered, and, to that end, the initial terms of office of the initial directors shall be as follows: Two (2) years as to Place One; three (3) years as to Place Two; four (4) years as to Place Three; five (5) years as to Place Four; and six (6) years as to Place Five. After the initial terms as to each such place on the board, the terms of office as to that place shall be four (4) years. Only members of the city council of the city of Jackson, then serving as such, shall be eligible for appointment to and, except as hereinafter shown, may serve in Place Three on said board. If any director resigns or dies or becomes incapable of acting as a director or ceases to reside in the city of Jackson or is otherwise disqualified to act, the governing body of the city of Jackson shall appoint a successor to serve for the unexpired term. Directors shall be eligible for reappointment to succeed themselves in office, if they are otherwise qualified to serve. If at the expiration of any term of office of any director, or, if the director serving in Place Three ceases to be a member of the city council of the city of Jackson, and a successor to such director shall not have been appointed, then and in either such event such director shall nevertheless continue to hold such office until a qualified successor has been appointed.

(b) A majority of the members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but any meeting of such board may be adjourned from time to time by a majority of the directors present or may be so adjourned by a single director if such director is the only director present at such meeting. No vacancy in the membership of the board shall impair the right of a quorum to exercise all the powers and duties of the authority. Any matter in which the board is authorized to act may be acted upon at a regular, special or called meeting. At the request of any director, the vote on any question before the board shall be taken by ayes and nays entered upon the record. All proceedings of the board shall be reduced to writing by the secretary of the board and recorded in a well-bound book which shall be open for inspection by each director and the public at all reasonable times. Copies of such proceedings when certified by the secretary of the corporation under its seal shall be received in all courts as evidence of the matters and things therein certified. The directors and officers of the corporation shall serve without compensation, except that they may be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. Any director may be impeached and removed from office in the manner and on the same grounds provided for in Section 175 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, and the general laws of the state for impeachment and removal of officers mentioned in said Section 175.

(c) The corporation shall have a president, a vice president, a secretary and a treasurer and such other officers as the board shall deem necessary, but the office of secretary and treasurer may be held by the same person. The president and vice president of the corporation shall be elected by the board from the membership thereof; the secretary, the treasurer, and any other officer of the corporation may, but need not, be a member of the board and shall also be elected by the board. The officers of the board shall be elected at a regular meeting of the board to be held in the month of January of each year, and once elected shall serve until their successor is chosen and elected. The president, vice president, secretary and treasurer of the corporation shall also be the president, vice president, secretary and treasurer of the board, respectively.

(d) The corporation shall make to the governing body of the city of Jackson an annual written report of its activities and of its plans for the future which report shall include a financial operating statement and balance sheet prepared by the examiner of public accounts for the state of Alabama or by a certified public accountant appointed by the corporation.

Section 6. A corporation organized and existing under the provisions of this amendment shall have the following powers, together with all powers incident thereto or necessary for the performance of those stated herein:

(a) To adopt and from time to time amend bylaws for the regulation of its affairs and the conduct of its business;

(b) To adopt an official seal and alter the same at its pleasure;

(c) To maintain a principal office in the city of Jackson and sub-offices at such other places as its board may designate in Clarke county;

(d) To sue and be sued in its own name, excepting actions in tort against the corporation;

(e) To construct, own, operate, lease, build, install, acquire, maintain, equip, use and control marinas, ports, waterfront facilities, docks, wharves, piers, berths, quays, warehouses, loading and unloading facilities, boat and barge docking facilities, fishing facilities, pavilions, auditoriums, shops, stores, boat launching facilities, dry docks, canals, recreational facilities, campgrounds, parking facilities, office and other commercial buildings, water systems, electrical systems, gas and fuel oil pipelines and pumping stations, railroad lines and railway systems, helicopter and airline landing and loading facilities, industrial and manufacturing sites, buildings and facilities, coal and other solid fuel handling facilities, wood products manufacturing and handling facilities, agriculture and farm commodity handling, storage and processing facilities, drainage and sewage facilities, liquid and solid waste handling and disposal facilities, conveyor systems, jetties, mooring facilities, and all necessary or convenient approaches, easements, roads, streets and ways leading thereto or used in conjunction therewith; and specifically including herein bridge and road relocation, and the construction, maintenance and operation of bridges, tunnels, overpasses, underpasses, roads and sidewalks; and the construction, leasing, operation, equipping, owning, using, controlling and maintaining of public terminal and transfer facilities, flood control facilities, water and soil erosion facilities, railroad and highway bridge relocation and construction and maintenance of the same and all other types of waterway facilities pursuant to all state, county, local and federal laws and regulations relative to the operation and maintenance of the Tombigbee river.

(f) To own, acquire, maintain and control easements, rights of way, streets, approaches, roads, interests in land, including the fee simple title to real property, riparian rights, and mooring rights necessary, useful or convenient in gaining access, entry or approach to waterways, rivers, canals and streams, whether or not navigable and whether or not such easements, rights-of-way, streets, approaches, roads, interests in land, riparian rights and mooring rights lead to property owned or controlled by the corporation.

(g) To acquire, whether by purchase, construction, exchange, gift, lease or otherwise and to improve, equip and furnish and to own and maintain or lease one or more projects or parts thereof, including all real and personal properties and interests therein which its board may deem necessary in connection therewith, regardless of whether or not any such project or projects shall then be in existence;

(h) To acquire, receive, take, hold, lease or operate, whether by purchase, gift, devise or otherwise, property of every description, whether real, personal or mixed, and to manage the same and to improve or develop any undeveloped property owned, leased or controlled by it;

(i) To sell, convey, lease or grant options for such purposes, any or all of its projects or properties, whenever its board shall find that such action is in the furtherance of the purposes for which the corporation was organized;

(j) To exchange or donate any or all of its projects or properties or parts thereof whenever its board shall find such action to be in furtherance of the purpose for which the corporation was organized;

(k) To execute and deliver such contracts or instruments of writing and to take such action as may be necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes for which the corporation was organized or to exercise any power or authority granted herein;

(l) To lease or let any project or any part thereof to such tenant or tenants for such term or terms at such compensation or rentals and subject to such provisions, limitations and conditions as its board may approve;

(m) To furnish or supply upon any property owned, leased or controlled by the corporation to any persons, machines, automobiles, and watercraft thereon, for reward or compensation, any goods, commodities, safety and health care facilities, fire fighting and prevention facilities, and services convenient or useful to the owners, operators and users of any watercraft, machines, and automobiles, and to persons upon property owned, leased or controlled by the corporation, including, but not limited to, food, lodging [,] shelter, lawful drinks, confections, oil, gasoline, motors and watercraft, motor and watercraft parts and equipment, guard services, space in buildings, space for buildings and structures, communication facilities, telephone systems, and the services of mechanics, repairmen and technicians;

(n) To charge fees for admission to any of its properties;

(o) To borrow money on such terms as are acceptable to the corporation for any corporate purpose and to execute and deliver its promissory note or notes and such other agreements as may be reasonably necessary or required to consummate the loan and secure the payment of the indebtedness;

(p) To sell, exchange and convey any of its properties that may have become obsolete or worn out or that may no longer be needed or useful, subject to the approval of the directors of the corporation;

(q) To procure and agree to the procurement of insurance or guarantees from the United States of America or any agency or instrumentality thereof, or from any private insurance company, of the payment of any bonds issued by the corporation, and to pay premiums or fees for any such insurance or guarantees;

(r) To enter into contracts with, to accept aid, loans and grants from, to cooperate with, and to do any and all things not specifically prohibited by this amendment, and other applicable laws of the state that may be necessary in order to avail itself of the aid and cooperation of the United States of America, the state, the county or any agency, instrumentality or political subdivision of either thereof in furtherance of the purposes of the corporation;

(s) To appoint, employ, contract with and provide for compensation of such officers, employees and agents, including engineers, attorneys, planning consultants, fiscal advisors, architects, accountants, financial experts, fiscal agents, managers and such other advisors, consultants and agents as may in its judgment be necessary or desirable as the business of the corporation may require, including the power to fix working conditions by general rule or other conditions of employment and at its option to provide a system of disability pay, retirement compensation and pensions or any of them and to hire and fire servants, agents, employees and officers at will;

(t) To fix, establish, collect and alter landing fees, docking fees, tolls, rents and other charges for the use of any facility or other property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(u) To make and enforce rules and regulations governing the use of any property or facility or other property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(v) To procure insurance against any loss in connection with its property and other assets in such amounts and from such insurers as its board may deem desirable;

(w) To enter into a management contract or contracts with any person, firm or corporation, whether public or private, for the management, supervision or operation of all or any part of its facilities as may in the judgment of the corporation be necessary or desirable in order to perform more efficiently or economically any function for which it may become responsible in the exercise of the powers conferred upon it by this amendment;

(x) To invest its monies [moneys] (including, without limitation, the monies held in any special fund created pursuant to any trust indenture or agreement or resolution securing any of its bonds or notes and proceeds from the sale of any of its bonds or notes) not required for immediate use in:

(1) Any debt securities that are direct, general obligations of the United States of America,

(2) Any debt securities, the payment of the principal or any interest on which is unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America,

(3) Any time deposit with, or any certificate of deposit issued by, any bank which is organized under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof and deposits in which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of such corporation, and

(4) Any debt obligation in which an insurance company organized under the laws of the state may legally invest its money at the time of investment by the corporation;

(y) To issue its bonds for the purpose of carrying out any of its powers and to apply proceeds from the sale of its bonds not only for payment of interest thereon prior to and during the construction and equipment of any buildings, structures, facilities or other improvements being financed thereby but also to pay bond discount, commissions or other financing charges, interest on the obligations issued in evidence of such borrowing for such period as its board shall deem advisable, fees and expenses of financial advisors and planning and management consultants, all legal, accounting, publishing, printing, recording and filing fees and expenses and such other expenses as shall be necessary or incident to such borrowing;

(z) To mortgage and pledge any or all of its projects or any part or parts thereof, as security for the payment of the principal, interest and premium, if any, on any bonds so issued and any agreements made in connection therewith, whether then owned or thereafter acquired, and to pledge the revenues and receipts therefrom or from any thereof;

(aa) To exercise the power of eminent domain in the manner provided in and subject to the provisions of Act No. 85-548, S. 287, 1985 Regular Session (Acts 1985, p. 802), as amended;

(bb) To expend funds for the purchase or lease of materials, equipment, supplies or other personal property without compliance with the provisions of the competitive bid laws then in effect in the state of Alabama that might otherwise be applicable.

(cc) To lend upon such terms and conditions as its board may deem advisable, all or any portion of the proceeds derived from the issuance of its bonds, notes or obligations to a user, whether pursuant to one or more loan agreements or in conjunction with the lease or sale of one or more facilities to such user or the purchase of any authorized purpose obligation relating to a facility or facilities operated by such user, for one or more or any combination of the following purposes:

(1) To enable such user to borrow an amount not substantially in excess of the equity (determined on any basis not resulting in a higher value for any facility in question than the estimated replacement cost or the appraised market value thereof, whichever may be greater) which such user may then have in any facility or facilities;

(2) To enable such user to refinance any outstanding indebtedness incurred or assumed in connection with the acquisition, improvement or operation of any existing facility or facilities;

(3) To enable such user to finance the costs of acquiring, by purchase, construction or otherwise, one or more facilities and/or the costs of expending or improving one or more facilities, regardless of whether any such facility has theretofore been owned or leased by such user or is to be acquired or leased by such user; and

(4) To enable such user to borrow working capital for use in the operation of one or more facilities,

(dd) To do any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out its purposes and to exercise its powers pursuant to the provisions of this amendment.

Section 7. (a) All bonds issued by the corporation shall be payable solely out of the revenues and receipts derived from the leasing or sale by the board of its projects or of any thereof as may be designated in the proceedings of the board under which the bonds shall be authorized to be issued.

(b) The principal of and interest on any bonds issued by the corporation shall be secured by a pledge of the revenues and receipts out of which the same may be payable and may be secured by a mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture conveying as security for such bonds all or any part of the property of the corporation from which the revenues or receipts so pledged may be derived. The resolution under which the bonds are authorized to be issued and any such mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture may contain any agreements and provisions respecting the operation, maintenance and insurance of the property covered by said mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture, the use of the revenues and receipts subject to such mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture, the creation and maintenance of special funds from such revenues and receipts, rights, duties and remedies of the parties to any such instrument and the parties for the benefit of whom such instrument is made and the rights and remedies available in the event of default as the board shall deem advisable and which are not in conflict with the provisions of this article. Each pledge, agreement, mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture made for the benefit or security of any of the bonds of the corporation shall continue effective until the principal of and interest on the bonds for the benefit of which the same were made shall have been fully paid. In the event of default in such payment or in any agreements of the corporation made as a part of the contract under which the bonds were issued, whether contained in the proceedings authorizing the bonds or in any mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture executed as security therefor, such default may be enforced by mandamus, the appointment of a receiver, or either of said remedies, and foreclosure of such mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture may, if provided for in said instrument, be had.

(c) All bonds issued by the corporation shall be signed by the president of its board and attested by its secretary, and the seal of the corporation shall be affixed thereto, and any interest coupons applicable to the bonds of the authority shall be signed by the chairman of its board; provided, that a facsimile of the signature of one, but not both, of said officers may be printed or otherwise reproduced on any such bonds in lieu of his manually signing the same, a facsimile of the seal of the authority may be printed or otherwise reproduced on any such bonds in lieu of being manually affixed thereof, and a facsimile of the signature of the president of the board may be printed or otherwise reproduced on any such interest coupons in lieu of his manually signing the same.

(d) Any such bonds may be executed and delivered by the corporation at any time and from time to time, shall be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturities, shall contain such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this article, and shall bear such rate or rates of interest, payable and evidenced in such manner, as may be provided by resolution of its board. Bonds of the corporation may be sold at either public or private sale in such manner and at such price or prices and at such time or times as may be determined by the board to be most advantageous. The corporation may pay all expenses, premiums and commissions in connection with any financing done by it. All bonds, except bonds registered as to principal or as to both principal and interest, and any interest coupons applicable thereto issued by the corporation shall be construed to be negotiable instruments although payable solely from a specified source.

(e) All obligations created or assumed and all bonds issued or assumed by the corporation shall be solely and exclusively an obligation of the corporation and shall not create an obligation or debt of the state or of any county or municipality; provided that the provisions of this sentence shall not be construed to release the original obligor from liability on any bond or other obligation assumed by the corporation. Any bonds issued by the corporation shall be limited or special obligations of the corporation payable solely out of the revenues and receipts of the corporation specified in the proceedings authorizing those bonds.

(f) Bonds of a corporation are hereby made legal investments for executors, administrators, trustees and other fiduciaries, unless otherwise directed by the court having jurisdiction of the fiduciary relation or by the document that is the source of the fiduciary's authority, and for savings banks and insurance companies organized under the laws of the state.

Section 8. All moneys derived from the sale of any bonds issued by the corporation shall be used solely for the purpose or purposes for which the same are authorized, including, but without limitation to, the use of bond proceeds to establish reserve funds as security for the payment of the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the bonds, and any costs and expenses incidental thereto. Such costs and expenses may include but shall not be limited to the fiscal, engineering, legal and other expenses incurred in connection with the issuance of the bonds, and except in the case of refunding bonds, interest to accrue on such bonds for a period ending not later than two years from their date.

Section 9. Any bonds issued by the corporation may from time to time be refunded by the issuance, by sale or exchange, of refunding bonds payable from the same or different sources for the purpose of paying all or any part of the principal of the bonds to be refunded, any redemption premium required to be paid as a condition to the redemption prior to maturity of any such bonds that are to be so redeemed in connection with such refunding, any accrued and unpaid interest on the bonds to be refunded, any interest to accrue on each bond to be refunded to the date on which it is to be paid, whether at maturity or by redemption prior to maturity, and the expenses incurred in connection with refunding; provided, that unless duly called for redemption pursuant to provisions contained therein, the holders of any such bonds then outstanding and proposed to be refunded shall not be compelled without their consent to surrender their outstanding bonds for such refunding. Any refunding bonds may be sold by the corporation at public or private sale at such price or prices as may be determined by its board to be most advantageous, or may be exchanged for the bonds or other obligations to be refunded. Any such refunding bonds may be executed and delivered by the corporation at any time and from time to time, shall be in such form and denominations and have such tenor and maturities, shall contain such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this article, and shall bear such rate or rates of interest, payable and evidenced in such manner, as may be provided by resolution of its board.

Any refunding bonds issued by the corporation shall be issued and may be secured in accordance with the provisions of section 7, hereof.

Section 10. Upon the adoption by the board of the corporation of any resolution providing for the issuance of bonds, the corporation may, in its discretion, cause to be published once a week for two consecutive weeks, in a newspaper published or having a general circulation in Clarke county, a notice in substantially the following form (the blanks being properly filled in) at the end of which shall be printed the name and title of either the president or secretary of such corporation. "..., a public corporation under the laws of the state of Alabama, on the ... day of ..., authorized the issuance of $ ... principal amount of bonds of the said public corporation for purposes authorized in the act of the legislature of Alabama under which the said public corporation was organized. Any action or proceeding questioning the validity of the said bonds, or the pledge and the mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture to secure the same, or the proceedings authorizing the same, must be commenced within thirty (30) days after the first publication of this notice."

Any action or proceeding in any court to set aside or question the proceedings for the issuance of the bonds referred to in said notice or to contest the validity of any such bonds, or the validity of any pledge and mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture made therefor, must be commenced within 30 days after the first publication of such notice. After the expiration of the said period no right of action or defense questioning or attacking the validity of the said proceedings or of the said bonds or the said pledge or mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture shall be asserted, nor shall the validity of the said proceedings, bonds, pledge, mortgage, and deed of trust or trust indenture be open to question in any court on any ground whatsoever except in an action commenced within such period.

Section 11. The corporation and all properties at any time owned by it and the income therefrom and all bonds issued by it and the income therefrom shall be exempt from all taxation in the state of Alabama, including, without limitation, ad valorem, sales, excise, license and privilege taxes; provided, however, this exemption shall not be construed to exempt concessionaires or lessees of the authority from the payment of any taxes, including licenses, privileges, or sales taxes levied by the state, county or any municipality. The certificate of incorporation of the corporation, the certificate of dissolution, all deeds or other documents whereby properties are conveyed to the corporation and all deeds, indentures or leases executed by the corporation may be filed for record in the office of the judge of probate of Clarke county and, if necessary, in the office of the secretary of state, without the payment of any tax or fees other than such fees as may be authorized by law for the recording of such instrument.

Section 12. The city of Jackson shall not in any event be liable for the payment of the principal of or interest on any bonds of the corporation or for the performance of any pledge, mortgage, obligation or agreement of any kind whatsoever which may be undertaken by the corporation, and none of the bonds of the corporation or any of its agreements or obligations shall be construed to constitute an indebtedness of the city of Jackson within the meaning of any constitutional or statutory provision whatsoever.

Section 13. The corporation shall be exempt from the laws of the state of Alabama governing usury or prescribing or limiting interest rates.

Section 14. The corporation shall be a nonprofit corporation and no part of its net earnings remaining after payment of its expenses shall inure to the benefit of any individual, firm or corporation, except that in the event a board shall determine that sufficient provision has been made for the full payment of the expenses, bonds and other obligations of the corporation, then any net earnings of the corporation thereafter accruing shall be paid to the city of Jackson.

Section 15. At any time when the corporation has no bonds or other obligations outstanding, its board may adopt a resolution, which shall be duly entered upon its minutes, declaring that the corporation shall be dissolved. Upon filing for record of a certified copy of the said resolution in the office of the judge of probate of Clarke county, the corporation shall thereupon stand dissolved and in the event it owned any property at the time of its dissolution, the title to all its properties shall thereupon pass to the city of Jackson.

Section 16. The existence of a corporation incorporated under the provisions of this amendment shall prevent the subsequent incorporation hereunder of another corporation pursuant to authority granted to such corporation.

Section 17. The contracts of the corporation shall be executed in the name of the corporation by the president of the corporation and attested by the secretary of the corporation. Except for bonds it is not required that the seal be impressed or printed on contracts. It is further provided hereby that, except for bonds, the corporation may provide by resolution for a different form for the execution of contracts and for the execution thereof by an officer or agent other than the president and secretary. But in no event shall a contract, irrespective of the form and of the person executing the same, be binding unless such contract was authorized or ratified by the corporation.

Section 18. Clarke county or any municipality within the county, is authorized, but not required, to lease, sell, donate or otherwise convey to the corporation, real or personal property, including park properties, without the necessity of authorization by election of the qualified voters of said county, the municipality, and the governing body of said county or any municipality within the county, and is hereby authorized to enter into any agreements which such corporation may deem necessary in order to effectuate such lease, sale, donation, or transfer. The governing body of Clarke county, or any municipality within the county, is further authorized to covenant with the corporation, which covenant shall likewise constitute a contract with the holders of any revenue bonds, notes or other obligations thereafter issued by the corporation, that it will not acquire, construct or operate or permit the acquisition, construction or operation within the municipality or county, of any facility in competition with the corporation so long as any of the bonds, notes or other obligations of the corporation shall remain outstanding.

Section 19. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing and become effective upon the ratification of this amendment by the people.

Amendment 466 ratified[edit]

Elmore County Local Service Districts.

The legislature may, by general or local law, provide for the creation, incorporation, organization, operation, administration, and financing of local districts within Elmore county as public corporations to provide any one or more of the following local services: (a) fighting and prevention of fires; (b) the operation of emergency medical services, including rescue and ambulance service; authorize such district to fix and collect rates, fees and charges for such services, and to provide penalties for nonpayment and liens upon the property within such district; authorize the borrowing of money and the issuance of bonds and other obligations by or on behalf of such district; provided that Elmore county shall not be responsible for any such bond or obligation and no such bond or obligation shall be chargeable against the limit on the debt of Elmore county.

Amendment 467 ratified[edit]

Annexation in Etowah County.

Any municipality that was not located wholly within the boundaries of Etowah county prior to January 1, 1986, shall not annex any territory within Etowah county without the approval of the electorate of said territory expressed in a vote on the issue of said annexation.

The provisions of this amendment shall not apply to any municipality incorporated in the future that lies entirely within the boundaries of Etowah county.

The provisions of this amendment shall not apply to any territory presently annexed within Etowah county by a municipality located outside of the county.

The legislature may pass local or general acts to supplement this amendment, so long as such acts do not contravene the provisions of this amendment.

Amendment 468 ratified[edit]

Industrial Development in Marengo County.

Any provision of the Constitution of Alabama or amendments thereto to the contrary notwithstanding, the legislature by general or local law may authorize, provide for and regulate the formation and operation in Marengo county of public corporations authorized to engage in promoting the industrial development of Marengo county and the municipalities therein and particularly the development and commercial use of the inland waterways in such county. Any such law may prescribe the powers and authority of any corporation formed thereunder, which may include, but shall not be limited to the following: the authority to acquire, construct, operate, improve, and finance wharves, stocks, warehouses and other port and related facilities in Marengo county; to apply for permission to operate a foreign trade zone and to establish, operate and maintain such a zone; to exercise the power of eminent domain; to borrow money for any of its corporate purposes and issue interest-bearing revenue bonds and other securities, but such corporation shall not have authority to create a debt against the state, Marengo county or any municipality or other political subdivision of Marengo county. The act may authorize Marengo county or any municipality or other political subdivision, public corporation, agency or instrumentality of Marengo county to aid and cooperate with the corporation authorized in the act, and with or without consideration to transfer any port facilities or other property to any corporation organized under such act. Such law may exempt any corporation organized pursuant to it from some or all taxation by the state, Marengo county or any municipality in Marengo county; from tort liability; and from the payment of certain fees of public officers.

Amendment 469 ratified[edit]

Annexation in Marshall County.

Any municipality that was not located wholly or in part within the boundaries of Marshall county prior to January 1, 1986, shall not annex any territory within Marshall county without the approval of the electorate of Marshall county expressed in a vote on the issue of said annexation, or approved unanimously by the Marshall county commission after notice has been given.

The provisions of this amendment shall not apply to any municipality incorporated in the future that lies entirely within the boundaries of Marshall county.

The provisions of this amendment shall not apply to any territory presently annexed within Marshall county by a municipality located outside of the county.

The legislature may pass local or general acts to supplement this amendment, so long as such acts do not contravene the provisions of this amendment.

Amendment 470 ratified[edit]

Washington County Port Authority.

Section 1. The governing body of Washington county, Alabama, is hereby authorized to declare by the adoption of appropriate resolution, the need for the formation of a public corporation to carry out the provisions of this act. Upon the adoption of such resolution the governing body of Washington county shall appoint five persons, each of whom must be a duly qualified elector and property owner in the said county, who shall form the board of directors of such corporation and shall proceed to organize such corporation.

Section 2. (a) The certificate of incorporation shall set forth:

(1) The names and resident addresses of the persons forming the corporation, together with a recital that each of them is a duly qualified elector of and property owner in Washington county;

(2) The name of the corporation;

(3) A recital that the governing body of Washington county has declared by the adoption of an appropriate resolution the need for the formation of the corporation;

(4) The location of the principal office of the corporation;

(5) A statement that the corporation is organized for the purposes set forth in this amendment with all the powers and authorities specified in this amendment;

(6) The period of the duration of the corporation; and

(7) Any other matters which the persons forming the corporation may choose to insert therein which shall not be inconsistent with this amendment or with the laws of the state of Alabama.

(b) The name designated for the corporation in the certificate of incorporation shall be one indicating the purpose thereof, such as the "Washington County Port Authority" or some other name of similar import.

(c) The certificate of incorporation shall be subscribed and acknowledged by each of the persons forming the corporation before an officer or officers authorized by the laws of the state of Alabama to take acknowledgements to deeds, and the certificate of incorporation shall have attached thereto a certified copy of the resolution provided for in section 1, and a certificate by the secretary of state that the name proposed for the corporation is not identical with that of any other corporation in the state or so nearly similar thereto as to lead to confusion and uncertainty.

Section 3. The certificate of incorporation, when executed and acknowledged in conformity with section 2, shall be filed with the judge of probate of Washington county and with the secretary of state. The judge of probate shall thereupon examine the certificate of incorporation and, if he finds that the recitals contained therein are correct, that the requirements of section 2 have been complied with, and that the name is not identical with or so nearly similar to that of another corporation already in existence in this state so as to lead to confusion and uncertainty, he shall approve the certificate of incorporation and record it in an appropriate book or record in his office and shall also file the certificate of incorporation with the secretary of state. When such certificate is so filed, the corporation referred to therein shall come into existence and shall constitute a public body corporate and politic, vested with the rights and powers herein granted.

Section 4. The certificate of incorporation of the corporation incorporated under the provisions of this amendment may at any time and from time to time be amended in the manner provided in this section. The board shall first adopt a resolution adopting an amendment to the certificate of incorporation which shall be set forth in full in the said resolution and which amendment may include any matters which might have been included in the original certificate of incorporation.

After the adoption of the resolution proposing an amendment to the certificate of incorporation of the corporation by the board, the president and secretary of the board shall sign and file for record in the office of the judge of probate in Washington county and in the office of the secretary of state a certificate in the name of and in behalf of the corporation under its seal, reciting the adoption of said resolution by the board. The judge of probate for Washington county shall thereupon record such certificate in an appropriate book in his office. When such certificate has been so filed and recorded, such amendment shall become effective, and the certificate of incorporation shall thereupon be amended to the extent provided in the amendment.

Section 5. (a) The corporation shall have a board of directors in which all of the powers of the corporation shall be vested pursuant to its authority, and which shall consist of five members. The directors shall be elected by the governing body of Washington county for staggered terms of office as follows: Two (2) years for the first appointee; three (3) years for the second appointee; four (4) years for the third appointee; five (5) years for the fourth appointee; six (6) years for the fifth appointee; and thereafter the term of office of each director shall be six (6) years. If any director resigns or dies or becomes incapable of acting as a director or ceases to reside in Washington county or is otherwise disqualified to act, the governing body of Washington county shall elect a successor to serve for the unexpired term. Directors shall be eligible for re-election to succeed themselves in office. If at the expiration of any term of office of any director, a successor thereto shall not have been elected, then the director whose term of office shall have expired shall continue to hold office until a successor shall be so elected. No director shall be an officer or member of the governing body of Washington county.

(b) A majority of the members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but any meeting of such board may be adjourned from time to time by a majority of the directors present or may be so adjourned by a single director if such director is the only director present at such meeting. No vacancy in the membership of the board shall impair the right of a quorum to exercise all the powers and duties of the authority. Any matter in which the board is authorized to act may be acted upon at a regular, special or called meeting. At the request of any director, the vote on any question before the board shall be taken by ayes and nays entered upon the record. All proceedings of the board shall be reduced to writing by the secretary of the board and recorded in a well-bound book which shall be open for inspection by each director and the public at all reasonable times. Copies of such proceedings when certified by the secretary of the corporation under its seal shall be received in all courts as evidence of the matters and things therein certified. The directors and officers of the corporation shall serve without compensation, except that they may be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. Any director may be impeached and removed from office in the manner and on the same grounds provided for in Section 175 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, and the general laws of the state for impeachment and removal of officers mentioned in said Section 175.

(c) The corporation shall have a president, a vice president, a secretary and a treasurer and such other officers as the board shall deem necessary, but the office of secretary and treasurer may be held by the same person. The president and vice president of the corporation shall be elected by the board from the membership thereof; the secretary, the treasurer, and any other officer of the corporation may, but need not, be a member of the board and shall also be elected by the board. The officers of the board shall be elected at a regular meeting of the board to be held in the month of January of each year, and once elected shall serve until their successor is chosen and elected. The president, vice president, secretary and treasurer of the corporation shall also be the president, vice president, secretary and treasurer of the board, respectively.

(d) The corporation shall make to the governing body of Washington county an annual written report of its activities and of its plans for the future which report shall include a financial operating statement and balance sheet prepared by the examiner of public accounts for the state of Alabama or by a certified public accountant appointed by the corporation.

Section 6. A corporation organized and existing under the provisions of this amendment shall have the following powers, together with all powers incident thereto or necessary for the performance of those stated herein:

(a) To adopt and from time to time amend bylaws for the regulation of its affairs and the conduct of its business;

(b) To adopt an official seal and alter the same at its pleasure;

(c) To maintain a principal office in Washington county and sub-offices at such other places as its board may designate in Washington county;

(d) To sue and be sued in its own name, excepting actions in tort against the corporation;

(e) To construct, own, operate, lease, build, install, acquire, maintain, equip, use and control marinas, ports, waterfront facilities, docks, wharves, piers, berths, quays, warehouses, loading and unloading facilities, boat and barge docking facilities, fishing facilities, pavilions, auditoriums, shops, stores, boat launching facilities, dry docks, canals, recreational facilities, campgrounds, parking facilities, office and other commercial buildings, water systems, electrical systems, gas and fuel oil pipelines and pumping stations, railroad lines and railway systems, helicopter and airline landing and loading facilities, industrial and manufacturing sites, buildings and facilities, coal and other solid fuel handling facilities, wood products manufacturing and handling facilities, agriculture and farm commodity handling, storage and processing facilities, drainage and sewage facilities, liquid and solid waste handling and disposal facilities, conveyor systems, jetties, mooring facilities, and all necessary or convenient approaches, easements, roads, streets and ways leading thereto or used in conjunction therewith; and specifically including herein bridge and road relocation, and the construction, maintenance and operation of bridges, tunnels, overpasses, underpasses, roads and sidewalks; and the construction, leasing, operation, equipping, owning, using, controlling and maintaining of public terminal and transfer facilities, flood control facilities, water and soil erosion facilities, railroad and highway bridge relocation and construction and maintenance of the same and all other types of waterway facilities pursuant to all state, county, local and federal laws and regulations relative to the operation and maintenance of the Tombigbee river.

(f) To own, acquire, maintain and control easements, rights-of-way, streets, approaches, roads, interests in land, including the fee simple title to real property, riparian rights, and mooring rights necessary, useful or convenient in gaining access, entry or approach to waterways, rivers, canals and streams, whether or not navigable and whether or not such easements, rights of way, streets, approaches, roads, interests in land, riparian rights and mooring rights lead to property owned or controlled by the corporation.

(g) To acquire, whether by purchase, construction, exchange, gift, lease or otherwise and to improve, equip and furnish and to own and maintain or lease one or more projects or parts thereof, including all real and personal properties and interests therein which its board may deem necessary in connection therewith, regardless of whether or not any such project or projects shall then be in existence;

(h) To acquire, receive, take, hold, lease or operate, whether by purchase, gift, devise or otherwise, property of every description, whether real, personal or mixed, and to manage the same and to improve or develop any undeveloped property owned, leased or controlled by it;

(i) To sell, convey, lease or grant options for such purposes, any or all of its projects or properties, whenever its board shall find that such action is in the furtherance of the purposes for which the corporation was organized;

(j) To exchange or donate any or all of its projects or properties or parts thereof whenever its board shall find such action to be in furtherance of the purpose for which the corporation was organized;

(k) To execute and deliver such contracts or instruments of writing and to take such action as may be necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes for which the corporation was organized or to exercise any power or authority granted herein;

(l) To lease or let any project or any part thereof to such tenant or tenants for such term or terms at such compensation or rentals and subject to such provisions, limitations and conditions as its board may approve;

(m) To furnish or supply upon any property owned, leased or controlled by the corporation to any persons, machines, automobiles, and watercraft thereon, for reward or compensation, any goods, commodities, safety and health care facilities, fire fighting and prevention facilities, and services convenient or useful to the owners, operators and users of any watercraft, machines, and automobiles, and to persons upon property owned, leased or controlled by the corporation, including, but not limited to, food, lodging, shelter, lawful drinks, confections, oil, gasoline, motors and watercraft, motor and watercraft parts and equipment, guard services, space in buildings, space for buildings and structures, communication facilities, telephone systems, and the services of mechanics, repairmen and technicians;

(n) To charge fees for admission to any of its properties;

(o) To borrow money on such terms as are acceptable to the corporation for any corporate purpose and to execute and deliver its promissory note or notes and such other agreements as may be reasonably necessary or required to consummate the loan and secure the payment of the indebtedness;

(p) To sell, exchange and convey any of its properties that may have become obsolete or worn out or that may no longer be needed or useful, subject to the approval of the directors of the corporation;

(q) To procure and agree to the procurement of insurance or guarantees from the United States of America or any agency or instrumentality thereof, or from any private insurance company, of the payment of any bonds issued by the corporation, and to pay premiums or fees for any such insurance or guarantees;

(r) To enter into contracts with, to accept aid, loans and grants from, to cooperate with, and to do any and all things not specifically prohibited by this amendment, and other applicable laws of the state that may be necessary in order to avail itself of the aid and cooperation of the United States of America, the state, the county or any agency, instrumentality or political subdivision of either thereof in furtherance of the purposes of the corporation;

(s) To appoint, employ, contract with and provide for compensation of such officers, employees and agents, including engineers, attorneys, planning consultants, fiscal advisors, architects, accountants, financial experts, fiscal agents, managers and such other advisors, consultants and agents as may in its judgment be necessary or desirable as the business of the corporation may require, including the power to fix working conditions by general rule or other conditions of employment and at its option to provide a system of disability pay, retirement compensation and pensions or any of them and to hire and fire servants, agents, employees and officers at will;

(t) To fix, establish, collect and alter landing fees, docking fees, tolls, rents and other charges for the use of any facility or other property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(u) To make and enforce rules and regulations governing the use of any property or facility or other property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(v) To procure insurance against any loss in connection with its property and other assets in such amounts and from such insurers as its board may deem desirable;

(w) To enter into a management contract or contracts with any person, firm or corporation, whether public or private, for the management, supervision or operation of all or any part of its facilities as may in the judgment of the corporation be necessary or desirable in order to perform more efficiently or economically any function for which it may become responsible in the exercise of the powers conferred upon it by this amendment;

(x) To invest its monies [moneys] (including, without limitation, the monies [moneys] held in any special fund created pursuant to any trust indenture or agreement or resolution securing any of its bonds or notes and proceeds from the sale of any of its bonds or notes) not required for immediate use in:

(1) Any debt securities that are direct, general obligations of the United States of America,

(2) Any debt securities, the payment of the principal or any interest on which is unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America,

(3) Any time deposit with, or any certificate of deposit issued by, any bank which is organized under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof and deposits in which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of such corporation, and

(4) Any debt obligation in which an insurance company organized under the laws of the state may legally invest its money at the time of investment by the corporation;

(y) To issue its bonds for the purpose of carrying out any of its powers and to apply proceeds from the sale of its bonds not only for payment of interest thereon prior to and during the construction and equipment of any buildings, structures, facilities or other improvements being financed thereby but also to pay bond discount, commissions or other financing charges, interest on the obligations issued in evidence of such borrowing for such period as its board shall deem advisable, fees and expenses of financial advisors and planning and management consultants, all legal, accounting, publishing, printing, recording and filing fees and expenses and such other expenses as shall be necessary or incident to such borrowing;

(z) To mortgage and pledge any or all of its projects or any part or parts thereof, as security for the payment of the principal, interest and premium, if any, on any bonds so issued and any agreements made in connection therewith, whether then owned or thereafter acquired, and to pledge the revenues and receipts therefrom or from any thereof;

(aa) To exercise the power of eminent domain in the manner provided in and subject to the provisions of Act No. 85-548, S. 287, 1985 Regular Session (Acts 1985, p. 802), as amended;

(bb) To expend funds for the purchase or lease of materials, equipment, supplies or other personal property without compliance with the provisions of the competitive bid laws then in effect in the state of Alabama that might otherwise be applicable;

(cc) To lend upon such terms and conditions as its board may deem advisable, all or any portion of the proceeds derived from the issuance of its bonds, notes or obligations to a user, whether pursuant to one or more loan agreements or in conjunction with the lease or sale of one or more facilities to such user or the purchase of any authorized purpose obligation relating to a facility or facilities operated by such user, for one or more or any combination of the following purposes:

(1) To enable such user to borrow an amount not substantially in excess of the equity (determined on any basis not resulting in a higher value for any facility in question than the estimated replacement cost or the appraised market value thereof, whichever may be greater) which such user may then have in any facility or facilities;

(2) To enable such user to refinance any outstanding indebtedness incurred or assumed in connection with the acquisition, improvement or operation of any existing facility or facilities;

(3) To enable such user to finance the costs of acquiring, by purchase, construction or otherwise, one or more facilities and/or the costs of expending or improving one or more facilities, regardless of whether any such facility has theretofore been owned or leased by such user or is to be acquired or leased by such user; and

(4) To enable such user to borrow working capital for use in the operation of one or more facilities;

(dd) To do any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out its purposes and to exercise its powers pursuant to the provisions of this amendment.

Section 7. (a) All bonds issued by the corporation shall be payable solely out of the revenues and receipts derived from the leasing or sale by the board of its projects or of any thereof as may be designated in the proceedings of the board under which the bonds shall be authorized to be issued.

(b) The principal of and interest on any bonds issued by the corporation shall be secured by a pledge of the revenues and receipts out of which the same may be payable and may be secured by a mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture conveying as security for such bonds all or any part of the property of the corporation from which the revenues or receipts so pledged may be derived. The resolution under which the bonds are authorized to be issued and any such mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture may contain any agreements and provisions respecting the operation, maintenance and insurance of the property covered by said mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture, the use of the revenues and receipts subject to such mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture, the creation and maintenance of special funds from such revenues and receipts, rights, duties and remedies of the parties to any such instrument and the parties for the benefit of whom such instrument is made and the rights and remedies available in the event of default as the board shall deem advisable and which are not in conflict with the provisions of this article. Each pledge, agreement, mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture made for the benefit or security of any of the bonds of the corporation shall continue effective until the principal of and interest on the bonds for the benefit of which the same were made shall have been fully paid. In the event of default in such payment or in any agreements of the corporation made as a part of the contract under which the bonds were issued, whether contained in the proceedings authorizing the bonds or in any mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture executed as security therefor, such default may be enforced by mandamus, the appointment of a receiver, or either of said remedies, and foreclosure of such mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture may, if provided for in said instrument, be had.

(c) All bonds issued by the corporation shall be signed by the president of its board and attested by its secretary, and the seal of the corporation shall be affixed thereto, and any interest coupons applicable to the bonds of the authority shall be signed by the chairman of its board; provided, that a facsimile of the signature of one, but not both, of said officers may be printed or otherwise reproduced on any such bonds in lieu of his manually signing the same, a facsimile of the seal of the authority may be printed or otherwise reproduced on any such bonds in lieu of being manually affixed thereof, and a facsimile of the signature of the president of the board may be printed or otherwise reproduced on any such interest coupons in lieu of his manually signing the same.

(d) Any such bonds may be executed and delivered by the corporation at any time and from time to time, shall be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturities, shall contain such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this article, and shall bear such rate or rates of interest, payable and evidenced in such manner, as may be provided by resolution of its board. Bonds of the corporation may be sold at either public or private sale in such manner and at such price or prices and at such time or times as may be determined by the board to be most advantageous. The corporation may pay all expenses, premiums and commissions in connection with any financing done by it. All bonds, except bonds registered as to principal or as to both principal and interest, and any interest coupons applicable thereto issued by the corporation shall be construed to be negotiable instruments although payable solely from a specified source.

(e) All obligations created or assumed and all bonds issued or assumed by the corporation shall be solely and exclusively an obligation of the corporation and shall not create an obligation or debt of the state or of any county or municipality; provided that the provisions of this sentence shall not be construed to release the original obligor from liability on any bond or other obligation assumed by the corporation. Any bonds issued by the corporation shall be limited or special obligations of the corporation payable solely out of the revenues and receipts of the corporation specified in the proceedings authorizing those bonds.

(f) Bonds of a corporation are hereby made legal investments for executors, administrators, trustees and other fiduciaries, unless otherwise directed by the court having jurisdiction of the fiduciary relation or by the document that is the source of the fiduciary's authority, and for savings banks and insurance companies organized under the laws of the state.

Section 8. All moneys derived from the sale of any bonds issued by the corporation shall be used solely for the purpose or purposes for which the same are authorized, including, but without limitation to, the use of bond proceeds to establish reserve funds as security for the payment of the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the bonds, and any costs and expenses incidental thereto. Such costs and expenses may include but shall not be limited to the fiscal, engineering, legal and other expenses incurred in connection with the issuance of the bonds, and except in the case of refunding bonds, interest to accrue on such bonds for a period ending not later than two years from their date.

Section 9. Any bonds issued by the corporation may from time to time be refunded by the issuance, by sale or exchange, of refunding bonds payable from the same or different sources for the purpose of paying all or any part of the principal of the bonds to be refunded, any redemption premium required to be paid as a condition to the redemption prior to maturity of any such bonds that are to be so redeemed in connection with such refunding, any accrued and unpaid interest on the bonds to be refunded, any interest to accrue on each bond to be refunded to the date on which it is to be paid, whether at maturity or by redemption prior to maturity, and the expenses incurred in connection with refunding; provided, that unless duly called for redemption pursuant to provisions contained therein, the holders of any such bonds then outstanding and proposed to be refunded shall not be compelled without their consent to surrender their outstanding bonds for such refunding. Any refunding bonds may be sold by the corporation at public or private sale at such price or prices as may be determined by its board to be most advantageous, or may be exchanged for the bonds or other obligations to be refunded. Any such refunding bonds may be executed and delivered by the corporation at any time and from time to time, shall be in such form and denominations and have such tenor and maturities, shall contain such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this article, and shall bear such rate or rates of interest, payable and evidenced in such manner, as may be provided by resolution of its board.

Any refunding bonds issued by the corporation shall be issued and may be secured in accordance with the provisions of Section 7, hereof.

Section 10. Upon the adoption by the board of the corporation of any resolution providing for the issuance of bonds, the corporation may, in its discretion, cause to be published once a week for two consecutive weeks, in a newspaper published or having a general circulation in Washington county, a notice in substantially the following form (the blanks being properly filled in) at the end of which shall be printed the name and title of either the president or secretary of such corporation. "..., a public corporation under the laws of the state of Alabama, on the ... day of ..., authorized the issuance of $ ... principal amount of bonds of the said public corporation for purposes authorized in the act of the legislature of Alabama under which the said public corporation was organized. Any action or proceeding questioning the validity of the said bonds, or the pledge and the mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture to secure the same, or the proceedings authorizing the same, must be commenced within thirty (30) days after the first publication of this notice".

Any action or proceeding in any court to set aside or question the proceedings for the issuance of the bonds referred to in said notice or to contest the validity of any such bonds, or the validity of any pledge and mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture made therefor, must be commenced within 30 days after the first publication of such notice. After the expiration of the said period no right of action or defense questioning or attacking the validity of the said proceedings or of the said bonds or the said pledge or mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture shall be asserted, nor shall the validity of the said proceedings, bonds, pledge, mortgage, and deed of trust or trust indenture be open to question in any court on any ground whatsoever except in an action commenced within such period.

Section 11. The corporation and all properties at any time owned by it and the income therefrom and all bonds issued by it and the income therefrom shall be exempt from all taxation in the state of Alabama, including, without limitation, ad valorem, sales, excise, license and privilege taxes; provided, however, this exemption shall not be construed to exempt concessionaires or lessees of the authority from the payment of any taxes, including licenses, privileges, or sales taxes levied by the state, county or any municipality. The certificate of incorporation of the corporation, the certificate of dissolution, all deeds or other documents whereby properties are conveyed to the corporation and all deeds, indentures or leases executed by the corporation may be filed for record in the office of the judge of probate of Washington county and, if necessary, in the office of the secretary of state, without the payment of any tax or fees other than such fees as may be authorized by law for the recording of such instrument.

Section 12. Washington county shall not in any event be liable for the payment of the principal of or interest on any bonds of the corporation or for the performance of any pledge, mortgage, obligation or agreement of any kind whatsoever which may be undertaken by the corporation, and none of the bonds of the corporation or any of its agreements or obligations shall be construed to constitute an indebtedness of Washington county within the meaning of any constitutional or statutory provision whatsoever.

Section 13. The corporation shall be exempt from the laws of the state of Alabama governing usury or prescribing or limiting interest rates.

Section 14. The corporation shall be a nonprofit corporation and no part of its net earnings remaining after payment of its expenses shall inure to the benefit of any individual, firm or corporation, except that in the event a board shall determine that sufficient provision has been made for the full payment of the expenses, bonds and other obligations of the corporation, then any net earnings of the corporation thereafter accruing shall be paid to Washington county.

Section 15. At any time when the corporation has no bonds or other obligations outstanding, its board may adopt a resolution, which shall be duly entered upon its minutes, declaring that the corporation shall be dissolved. Upon filing for record of a certified copy of the said resolution in the office of the judge of probate of Washington county, the corporation shall thereupon stand dissolved and in the event it owned any property at the time of its dissolution, the title to all its properties shall thereupon pass to Washington county.

Section 16. The existence of a corporation incorporated under the provisions of this amendment shall prevent the subsequent incorporation hereunder of another corporation pursuant to authority granted to such corporation.

Section 17. The contracts of the corporation shall be executed in the name of the corporation by the president of the corporation and attested by the secretary of the corporation. Except for bonds it is not required that the seal be impressed or printed on contracts. It is further provided hereby that, except for bonds, the corporation may provide by resolution for a different form for the execution of contracts and for the execution thereof by an officer or agent other than the president and secretary. But in no event shall a contract, irrespective of the form and of the person executing the same, be binding unless such contract was authorized or ratified by the corporation.

Section 18. Washington county or any municipality within the county, is authorized, but not required, to lease, sell, donate or otherwise convey to the corporation, real or personal property, including park properties, without the necessity of authorization by election of the qualified voters of said county, the municipality, and the governing body of said county or any municipality within the county, and is hereby authorized to enter into any agreements which such corporation may deem necessary in order to effectuate such lease, sale, donation, or transfer. The governing body of Washington county, or any municipality within the county, is further authorized to covenant with the corporation, which covenant shall likewise constitute a contract with the holders of any revenue bonds, notes or other obligations thereafter issued by the corporation, that it will not acquire, construct or operate or permit the acquisition, construction or operation within the municipality or county, of any facility in competition with the corporation so long as any of the bonds, notes or other obligation of the corporation shall remain outstanding.

Section 19. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing and become effective upon the ratification of this amendment by the people.

Amendment 471 ratified[edit]

Special District Tax for Public Hospital Purposes in Baldwin County.

The special district tax now levied and collected for public hospital purposes in election precincts numbered one through seven of Baldwin county, Alabama, and authorized by law shall be continued upon approval of this constitutional amendment and by simultaneous approval of a majority of the qualified electors in election precincts one through seven of Baldwin county voting thereon in the constitutional election submitting this proposed amendment to the county electorate.

Upon such approval, the governing body of Baldwin county shall levy and cause to be collected annually, beginning October 1, 1987, for a period of 20 years, in addition to any taxes now authorized or that may be hereafter authorized by the Constitution and laws of Alabama, a special district tax of two mills on each one dollar ($1.00) assessed valuation of taxable property in election precincts numbered one through seven of Baldwin county, Alabama, to be used exclusively for public hospital purposes (as the term "public hospital purposes" is defined in amendment LXXVI [76] to the Alabama Constitution of 1901 proposed by Acts of 1949, page 897, submitted December 13, 1949, and proclaimed ratified December 21, 1949) within said election precincts numbered one through seven.

Whenever such tax shall have been authorized by vote of such qualified electors, and levied by the governing body of Baldwin county, such governing body may anticipate the proceeds therefrom for any one or more of the purposes for which the tax shall have been voted, by issuing, without further election, interest bearing tax anticipation bonds, warrants, or certificates of indebtedness of said county payable solely from and secured by a pledge of a sufficient amount of the annual proceeds from said tax received by the county.

The governing body of Baldwin county shall have power to designate as the agency of the county, to construct, acquire, equip, operate and maintain public hospital facilities for said election precincts numbered one through seven any public corporation heretofore or hereafter organized for hospital purposes in the county. When a public corporation shall have been so designated, the proceeds of said tax thereafter collected shall be paid to it and shall be used by it for any one or more of the purposes for which the tax shall have been voted; provided, that payments of the proceeds of said tax to said public corporation shall be made only to such extent as will not result in the impairment of the obligation of any contract theretofore made with respect to said tax. Said public corporation may anticipate the proceeds from said tax so required to be paid to it by issuing, for any one or more of the purposes for which the tax shall have been voted, the bonds, warrants, or certificates of indebtedness of said corporation, and may pledge for the payment of the principal thereof and interest thereon a sufficient amount of the annual proceeds from said tax so paid to it.

No securities issued or contracts made by Baldwin county under the authority of this amendment, which are payable solely out of the proceeds of said tax, and no securities issued or contracts made by any such public corporation, whether or not issued or made under the authority of this amendment, shall be construed to be bonds of Baldwin county or of a political subdivision thereof within the meaning of section 222 of the Constitution, or construed to create or constitute an indebtedness of the county within the meaning of section 224 of the Constitution. Said securities shall be construed to be negotiable instruments notwithstanding the fact that they may be payable solely from a limited source. All pledges of said tax and all contracts made with respect thereto pursuant to the provisions of this amendment shall take precedence in the order in which they are made and shall create a charge on the proceeds of said tax prior to the expenses of operating and maintaining any public hospital facilities.

As used in this act, the term "election precincts" means the election precincts or beats of the county as they existed on July 27, 1965.

This amendment shall be self-executing.

Amendment 472 ratified[edit]

Use of Assets of State Retirement Systems.

All of the assets, proceeds or income of the teachers', employees', state police, public and judicial retirement systems of Alabama, or any successor systems thereto, and all contributions and payments made to such systems to provide for retirement and related benefits thereunder, shall be held, invested as authorized by law, or disbursed as in trust for the exclusive purpose of providing for such benefits, refunds and administrative expenses under the management of the boards of control of the aforementioned retirement systems; and, none of such assets, proceeds, income, contributions or payments shall be used, loaned, encumbered or diverted to or for any other purpose whatsoever.

Amendment 473 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Section 232. SECTION 232

Foreign corporations doing business in state.

No foreign corporation shall do business in this state without having at least one known place of business and an authorized agent or agents therein, and without filing with the secretary of state a certified copy of its articles of incorporation or association. Any foreign corporation, whether or not such corporation has qualified to do business in this state by filing with the secretary of state a certified copy of its articles of incorporation or association, may be sued only in those counties where such suit would be allowed if the said foreign corporation were a domestic corporation. The legislature shall, by general law, provide for the payment to the state of Alabama of a franchise tax by such corporation, but such franchise tax shall be based on the actual amount of capital employed in this state. Strictly benevolent, educational, or religious corporations shall not be required to pay such a tax.

Amendment 474 ratified[edit]

Effectiveness of Laws Providing for Expenditure of County Funds.

No law, whether general, special or local, whose purpose or effect is to provide for a new or increased expenditure of county funds held or disbursed by the county governing body shall become effective as to any county of this state until the first day of the fiscal year next following the passage of such law. The foregoing notwithstanding, a law, whether general, special or local, whose purpose or effect is to provide for a new or increased expenditure of county funds held or disbursed by the county governing body, shall become effective according to its own terms as any other law if: (1) such law is approved by a resolution duly adopted by and spread upon the minutes of the county governing body of the county affected thereby; or (2) such law (or other law or laws which specifically refer to such law) provides the respective county governing bodies with new or additional revenues sufficient to fund such new or increased expenditures.

Amendment 475 ratified[edit]

Tax Increment Districts in Counties and Municipalities.

Any other provision of the Constitution heretofore adopted to the contrary notwithstanding, the legislature is hereby authorized to enact legislation permitting municipalities and counties to establish tax increment districts, as may be defined in such legislation; to authorize the payment to any such municipality or county of the increase in ad valorem taxes resulting from the redevelopment or revitalization of any such district except to the extent that any such payment would jeopardize the payment of any bonded indebtedness secured by any tax applicable in the proposed district; and subject to the mutual agreement of the municipality and county affected thereby to provide that all such increases in ad valorem taxes shall be payable to such municipality or county until the indebtedness or costs incurred for any project have been paid in full; to provide that public moneys, including the proceeds of obligations issued by the municipality or county for such purposes, may be expended for the acquisition of property and the redevelopment, rehabilitation or conservation thereof which may be disposed of to or for the benefit of private interest for compensation established by the governing body of county or municipality, as the case may be which established such district, but for not less than the fair market value thereof determined by one or more independent appraisals of such property; and to provide that any such obligations shall not be chargeable against the constitutional debt limit of the issuer unless such obligations shall be general obligations of the issuer in addition to being payable from such increases in property taxes. Any legislation passed at the same session of the legislature at which this amendment is proposed, which shall be in furtherance of or in implementation of the authority hereby granted is hereby validated and confirmed.

Amendment 476 ratified[edit]

Chambers County Fire and Rescue Fund.

The Chambers county commission shall establish a Chambers county fire and rescue fund. The circuit clerk of Chambers county shall assess an additional court charge against all persons convicted in Chambers county of violating state criminal law regarding driving under the influence of alcohol or the state criminal law regarding controlled substances. First time offenders of said criminal law shall pay a court charge of twenty-five dollars ($25.00). Second time offenders of said criminal law shall pay a court charge of fifty dollars ($50.00). Third time offenders and all other offenders of said criminal law shall pay a court charge of one hundred dollars ($100.00). Said court charge shall be in addition to all other charges prescribed by law. Said court charges shall be paid into the Chambers county fire and rescue fund and shall be distributed by the county commission on January 31 of each year. Said money shall be equally distributed to all chartered volunteer fire departments and chartered volunteer rescue squads established in Chambers county. The Chambers county commission shall be authorized to promulgate rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this amendment. The legislature shall be authorized to enact general, local or special laws to provide further for the operation of said fund, the allocation of the moneys placed in said fund and the amount of court charges levied.

Amendment 477 ratified[edit]

Amendment of Amendment No. 465. City of Jackson Port Authority.

Section 1. The following amendment to section 6 of constitutional Amendment 465 is hereby proposed:

Section 6. A corporation organized and existing under the provisions of this amendment shall have the following powers, together with all powers incident thereto or necessary for the performance of those stated herein:

(a) To adopt and from time to time amend bylaws for the regulation of its affairs and the conduct of its business;

(b) To adopt an official seal and alter the same at its pleasure;

(c) To maintain a principal office in the city of Jackson;

(d) To sue and be sued in its own name, excepting actions in tort against the corporation;

(e) To construct, own, operate, lease, build, install, acquire, maintain, equip, use and control marinas, ports, waterfront facilities, docks, wharves, piers, berths, quays, warehouses, loading and unloading facilities, boat and barge docking facilities, fishing facilities, pavilions, auditoriums, shops, stores, boat launching facilities, dry docks, canals, recreational facilities, campgrounds, parking facilities, office and other commercial buildings, water systems, electrical systems, gas and fuel oil pipelines and pumping stations, railroad lines and railway systems, helicopter and airline landing and loading facilities, industrial and manufacturing sites, buildings and facilities, coal and other solid fuel handling facilities, wood products manufacturing and handling facilities, agriculture and farm commodity handling, storage and processing facilities, drainage and sewage facilities, liquid and solid waste handling and disposal facilities, conveyor systems, jetties, mooring facilities, and all necessary or convenient approaches, easements, roads, streets and ways leading thereto or used in conjunction therewith; and specifically including herein bridge and road relocation, and the construction, maintenance and operation of bridges, tunnels, overpasses, underpasses, roads and sidewalks; and the construction, leasing, operation, equipping, owning, using, controlling and maintaining of public terminal and transfer facilities, flood control facilities, water and soil erosion facilities, railroad and highway bridge relocation and construction and maintenance of the same and all other types of waterway facilities pursuant to all state, county, local and federal laws and regulations relative to the operation and maintenance of the Tombigbee river;

(f) To own, acquire, maintain and control easements, rights of way, streets, approaches, roads, interests in land, including the fee simple title to real property, riparian rights, and mooring rights necessary, useful or convenient in gaining access, entry or approach to waterways, rivers, canals and streams, whether or not navigable and whether or not such easements, rights of way, streets, approaches, roads, interests in land, riparian rights and mooring rights lead to property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(g) To acquire, whether by purchase, construction, exchange, gift, lease or otherwise and to improve, equip and furnish and to own and maintain or lease one or more projects or parts thereof, including all real and personal properties and interests therein which its board may deem necessary in connection therewith, regardless of whether or not any such project or projects shall then be in existence;

(h) To acquire, receive, take, hold, lease or operate, whether by purchase, gift, devise or otherwise, property of every description, whether real, personal or mixed, and to manage the same and to improve or develop any undeveloped property owned, leased or controlled by it;

(i) To sell, convey, lease or grant options for such purposes, any or all of its projects or properties, whenever its board shall find that such action is in the furtherance of the purposes for which the corporation was organized;

(j) To exchange or donate any or all of its projects or properties or parts thereof whenever its board shall find such action to be in furtherance of the purpose for which the corporation was organized;

(k) To execute and deliver such contracts or instruments of writing and to take such action as may be necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes for which the corporation was organized or to exercise any power or authority granted herein;

(l) To lease or let any project or any part thereof to such tenant or tenants for such term or terms at such compensation or rentals and subject to such provisions;

(m) To furnish or supply upon any property owned, leased or controlled by the corporation to any persons, machines, automobiles, and watercraft thereon, for reward or compensation, any goods, commodities, safety and health care facilities, fire-fighting and prevention facilities, and services convenient or useful to the owners, operators and users of any watercraft, machines, and automobiles, and to persons upon property owned, leased or controlled by the corporation, including, but not limited to, food, lodging, shelter, lawful drinks, confections, oil, gasoline, motors and watercraft, motor and watercraft parts and equipment, guard services, space in buildings, space for buildings and structures, communication facilities, telephone systems, and the services of mechanics, repairmen and technicians;

(n) To charge fees for admission to any of its properties;

(o) To borrow money on such terms as are acceptable to the corporation for any corporate purpose and to execute and deliver its promissory note or notes and such other agreements as may be reasonably necessary or required to consummate the loan and secure the payment of the indebtedness;

(p) To sell, exchange and convey any of its properties that may have become obsolete or worn out or that may no longer be needed or useful, subject to the approval of the directors of the corporation;

(q) To procure and agree to the procurement of insurance or guarantees from the United States of America or any agency or instrumentality thereof, or from any private insurance company, of the payment of any bonds issued by the corporation, and to pay premiums or fees for any such insurance or guarantees;

(r) To enter into contracts with, to accept aid, loans and grants from, to cooperate with, and to do any and all things not specifically prohibited by this amendment, and other applicable laws of the state that may be necessary in order to avail itself of the aid and cooperation of the United States of America, the state, the county or any agency, instrumentality or political subdivision of either thereof in furtherance of the purposes of the corporation;

(s) To appoint, employ, contract with and provide for compensation of such officers, employees and agents, including engineers, attorneys, planning consultants, fiscal advisors, architects, accountants, financial experts, fiscal agents, managers and such other advisors, consultants and agents as may in its judgment be necessary or desirable as the business of the corporation may require, including the power to fix working conditions by general rule or other conditions of employment and at its option to provide a system of disability pay, retirement compensation and pensions or any of them and to hire and fire servants, agents, employees and officers at will;

(t) To fix, establish, collect and alter landing fees, docking fees, tolls, rents and other charges for the use of any facility or other property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(u) To make and enforce rules and regulations governing the use of any property or facility or other property owned or controlled by the corporation;

(v) To procure insurance against any loss in connection with its property and other assets in such amounts and from such insurers as its board may deem desirable;

(w) To enter into a management contract or contracts with any person, firm or corporation, whether public or private, for the management, supervision or operation of all or any part of its facilities as may in the judgment of the corporation be necessary or desirable in order to perform more efficiently or economically any function for which it may become responsible in the exercise of the powers conferred upon it by this amendment;

(x) To invest its monies (including, without limitation, the monies held in any special fund created pursuant to any trust indenture or agreement or resolution securing any of its bonds or notes and proceeds from the sale of any of its bonds or notes) not required for immediate use in:

(1) any debt securities that are direct, general obligations of the United States of America,

(2) any debt securities, the payment of the principal or any interest on which is unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America,

(3) any time deposit with, or any certificate of deposit issued by, any bank which is organized under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof and deposits in which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of such corporation, and

(4) any debt obligation in which an insurance company organized under the laws of the state may legally invest its money at the time of investment by the corporation;

(y) To issue its bonds for the purpose of carrying out any of its powers and to apply proceeds from the sale of its bonds not only for payment of interest thereon prior to and during the construction and equipment of any buildings, structures, facilities or other improvements being financed thereby but also to pay bond discount, commissions or other financing charges, interest on the obligations issued in evidence of such borrowing for such period as its board shall deem advisable, fees and expenses of financial advisors and planning and management consultants, all legal, accounting, publishing, printing, recording and filing fees and expenses and such other expenses as shall be necessary or incident to such borrowing;

(z) To mortgage and pledge any or all of its projects or any part or parts thereof, as security for the payment of the principal, interest and premium, if any, on any bonds so issued and any agreements made in connection therewith, whether then owned or thereafter acquired, and to pledge the revenues and receipts therefrom or from any thereof;

(aa) To exercise the power of eminent domain in the manner provided in and subject to the provisions of Act No. 85-548, S. 287, 1985 Regular Session (Acts 1985, p. 802), as amended;

(bb) To expend funds for the purchase or lease of materials, equipment, supplies or other personal property without compliance with the provisions of the competitive bid laws then in effect in the state of Alabama that might otherwise be applicable;

(cc) To lend upon such terms and conditions as its board may deem advisable, all or any portion of the proceeds derived from the issuance of its bonds, notes or obligations to a user, whether pursuant to one or more loan agreements or in conjunction with the lease or sale of one or more facilities to such user or the purchase of any authorized purpose obligation relating to a facility or facilities operated by such user, for one or more or any combination of the following purposes:

(1) To enable such user to borrow an amount not substantially in excess of the equity (determined on any basis not resulting in a higher value for any facility in question than the estimated replacement cost or the appraised market value thereof, whichever may be greater) which such user may then have in any facility or facilities;

(2) To enable such user to refinance any outstanding indebtedness incurred or assumed in connection with the acquisition, improvement or operation of any existing facility or facilities;

(3) To enable such user to finance the costs of acquiring, by purchase, construction or otherwise, one or more facilities and/or the costs of expending or improving one or more facilities, regardless of whether any such facility has theretofore been owned or leased by such user or is to be acquired or leased by such user; and

(4) To enable such user to borrow working capital for use in the operation of one or more facilities,

(dd) To do any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out its purposes and to exercise its powers pursuant to the provisions of this amendment.

Provided however, the powers specified in subsections (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), (l), (m), (n), (t), (u), and (aa) of this section shall be granted and enforceable only within the city of Jackson and the police jurisdiction of the city of Jackson as said police jurisdiction exists on the date this constitutional amendment is ratified.

Section 2. It is further proposed to amend constitutional Amendment 465 by deleting section 16 from said constitutional amendment in its entirety. Said deletion shall constitute the repeal of said section 16 and the section shall be null and void. Said deletion shall have no effect on all remaining sections of the constitutional amendment.

Amendment 478 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Clarke County Probate Judge.

The legislature may, from time to time, by general or local laws applicable to or operative in Clarke county, fix, regulate, and alter the costs and charges of courts and fees, commissions, allowances, and salaries, including the method and basis of compensation, to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Clarke county; and may place the judge of probate on a salary and provide for the fees, commissions, allowances, and percentages collectible by such officer to be paid into the treasury from which his salary is paid.

Amendment 479 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Covington County Officers.

The legislature may hereafter, from time to time, by general, special or local laws, fix, regulate and alter the fees, commissions, allowances or salaries to be charged or received by the judge of probate and other county officers of Covington county, and may put such officers on a salary basis and provide for the operation of their offices on such basis.

Amendment 480 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Greene County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Greene county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Greene county such salary as provided by general law, unless provided otherwise by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Greene county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Greene county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Greene county.

The county commission of Greene county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Greene county.

Amendment 481 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Hale County Probate Judge.

The judge of probate of Hale county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Hale county such salary as provided by general law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges heretofore paid to the judge of probate of Hale county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Hale county shall hereafter continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Hale county.

The governing body of Hale county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, clerks, deputies and such quarters, books, stationery, furniture, equipment and other such conveniences and supplies as such governing body may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county governing body and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Hale county.

The legislature may hereafter, from time to time, by general, special or local laws, fix, regulate and alter the fees, commissions, allowances, compensation or salaries to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Hale county, and may provide for the operation of his office. The legislature may hereafter, from time to time, by general, special or local laws further provide for the distribution of the fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges herein provided for.

This constitutional amendment after its adoption shall not become effective until the beginning of the next term of office of the probate judge.

Amendment 482 ratified[edit]

Limestone County Commission Authority.

The Limestone county commission is hereby authorized with or without charge to provide for the disposal of dead farm animals, and the excavating of human graves.

Amendment 483 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Lowndes County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Lowndes county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Lowndes county such salary as provided by general law, unless provided otherwise by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Lowndes county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Lowndes county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Lowndes county.

The county commission of Lowndes county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Lowndes county.

Amendment 483 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Lowndes County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Lowndes county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Lowndes county such salary as provided by general law, unless provided otherwise by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Lowndes county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Lowndes county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Lowndes county.

The county commission of Lowndes county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Lowndes county.

Amendment 485 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Perry County Probate Judge.

The judge of probate of Perry county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Perry county such salary as provided by general law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges heretofore paid to the judge of probate of Perry county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Perry county shall hereafter continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Perry county.

The governing body of Perry county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, clerks, deputies and such quarters, books, stationery, furniture, equipment and other such conveniences and supplies as such governing body may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county governing body and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Perry county.

The legislature may hereafter, from time to time, by general, special or local laws, fix, regulate and alter the fees, commissions, allowances, compensation or salaries to be charged or received by the judge of probate of Perry county, and may provide for the operation of his office. The legislature may hereafter, from time to time, by general, special or local laws further provide for the distribution of the fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges herein provided for.

This constitutional amendment after its adoption shall not become effective until the beginning of the next term of office of the probate judge.

Amendment 486 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Sumter County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Sumter county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Sumter county such salary as provided by general law, unless provided otherwise by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Sumter county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Sumter county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Sumter county.

The county commission of Sumter county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Sumter county.

Amendment 487 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Wilcox County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Wilcox county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Wilcox county such salary as provided by general law, unless provided otherwise by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Wilcox county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Wilcox county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Wilcox county.

The county commission of Wilcox county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Wilcox county.

Amendment 488 ratified[edit]

Investment of Capital and Income from Alabama Heritage Trust Fund or Alabama Trust Fund.

Any other provision of this Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding, trust capital and trust income held in either the Alabama heritage trust fund or the Alabama trust fund may be invested in such kinds of investments and in accordance with such conditions as shall from time to time be authorized by law for the investment of any of the trust funds of either the teachers' retirement system of Alabama or the employees' retirement system of Alabama; provided, however, that if any restrictive conditions at any time made applicable by law to either the teachers' retirement system of Alabama or the employees' retirement system of Alabama should prohibit investments that would otherwise be permitted for the Alabama trust fund by Amendment No. 450 to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, then, notwithstanding the restrictive conditions applicable to said retirement systems, the investments permitted by said Amendment No. 450 shall be permitted for trust capital and trust income held in either the Alabama heritage trust fund or the Alabama trust fund; and provided further, that for purposes of implementing the preceding proviso with respect to the investment of funds held in the Alabama heritage trust fund, any provision of said Amendment No. 450 which refers to the whole or any percentage of the trust capital of the Alabama trust fund in connection with the investment thereof shall be deemed to refer to the trust capital of the Alabama heritage trust fund.

Any provision of this Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding, any capital gains realized from the sale of any investments forming a part of either the Alabama heritage trust fund or the Alabama trust fund shall become a part of the trust capital of the fund in which such investments were held and shall be subject to all restrictions applicable to the preservation of such trust capital.

Amendment 489 ratified[edit]

Alabama Music Hall of Fame Authority.

I

Any provision of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, to the contrary notwithstanding, the Alabama music hall of fame authority (hereinafter described) is fully authorized and empowered to sell and issue its interest bearing bonds, which shall be and constitute general obligations of the state, in an aggregate principal amount not exceeding $2,500,000. The expenses incurred in the sale and issuance of said bonds shall be paid by the authority out of the proceeds derived from the sale thereof. The proceeds of said bonds remaining after payment of said expenses shall be turned over to the state treasurer, shall be carried in a special account of the state treasury to the credit of the authority, and shall be subject to be drawn on solely by the authority for the purposes authorized in this amendment.

As used in this amendment, the following words and phrases shall have the following respective meanings:

"Authority" means the Alabama music hall of fame authority created and established by this amendment.

"Board" means (i) the Alabama music hall of fame board created and established by sections 41-9-680, et seq., of the Code of Alabama 1975, as amended, or (ii) such other agency of the state which performs substantially the same functions as said board and which is declared by the legislature to be a successor thereto or a replacement thereof.

"State" means the state of Alabama.

The authority is hereby fully authorized and empowered, except as herein specified or limited, to determine the terms and conditions of said bonds and to provide for the sale and issuance thereof. Upon issuance of said bonds by the authority, the state is authorized to and shall become indebted, in addition to all other indebtedness of the state, in the aggregate principal amount of such bonds issued pursuant to this amendment. The full faith and credit of the state are hereby irrevocably pledged for the prompt and faithful payment of the principal of said bonds and the interest and premium (if any) thereon.

The proceeds of said bonds remaining after payment of the expenses of selling and issuing the same, together with the investment income derived from said proceeds, shall be used for the purpose of providing funds for the acquisition, construction, installation and equipping of buildings and other facilities consisting of any one or more of the following to be located in Colbert county, Alabama: (i) a music hall of fame and exhibition facility for the display of busts, statutes, plaques, books, papers, pictures, computerized figures, memorabilia, records, films, audio tapes, video tapes, compact disks, recordings, pictures and other exhibits relating to music and musicians, (ii) a library, research and educational center for the collection and documentation of music and for music education and enrichment programs, (iii) an audio visual auditorium/theatre, (iv) a recording studio, or (v) other facilities necessary or useful in connection with the use of any of the aforesaid facilities, including the acquisition of sites and equipment for any of the aforesaid facilities. Said proceeds may also be used to pay any costs and expenses incidental to the aforesaid purposes for which the bonds are authorized, which may include but shall not be limited to interest on such bonds prior to and during construction of the aforesaid facilities to be constructed with said proceeds and for not exceeding one year after completion of construction. The authority is hereby fully authorized and empowered, except as herein specified or limited, to determine which of the aforesaid facilities shall be acquired, constructed, installed or equipped by the authority using the aforesaid proceeds. The plans and specifications for any building or other facility acquired, constructed, installed or equipped with proceeds of said bonds shall be approved solely by the authority.

The authority is also authorized and empowered to sell and issue one or more series of its bonds, which shall be and constitute general obligations of the state, to refund all or any of the bonds authorized by this amendment in such principal amount or amounts (which may exceed the principal amount of the bonds being refunded) and in such manner as may be provided by resolution duly adopted by the authority. The authority is also hereby fully authorized and empowered, except as herein specified or limited, to determine the terms and conditions of such refunding bonds and to provide for the sale and issuance thereof. Upon issuance of said bonds by the authority, the state is authorized to and shall become indebted, in addition to all other indebtedness of the state, in the aggregate principal amount of such refunding bonds issued pursuant to this amendment. The full faith and credit of the state are hereby irrevocably pledged for the prompt and faithful payment of the principal of said refunding bonds and the interest and premium (if any) thereon.

All of said bonds issued by the authority (including refunding bonds) may be sold only at public sale, with competitive bidding, to such person or persons, at such price or prices and upon such terms as the authority shall determine to be in the best interest of the authority and the state. Neither a public hearing nor consent of the state (including any officer, official, department or other agency of the state) shall be a prerequisite to issuance of any bonds by the authority.

Nothing in this amendment or in any other provision of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, shall prevent the authority from selling and issuing one or more additional series of its bonds which shall be solely revenue obligations of the authority and which shall not create general obligations or debts of the state.

II

There is hereby created and established a state agency to be known as the Alabama music hall of fame authority which shall be a public body corporate with all the powers and privileges of a corporation, for the purpose of providing for and participating in the management and control of the aforesaid facilities.

The members of the board, and their respective successors as members thereof shall constitute ex officio all the members of the authority. The chairman, vice chairman, secretary and treasurer of the board shall constitute ex officio the chairman, vice chairman, secretary and treasurer respectively of the authority. The authority, at its option, may appoint an assistant secretary who need not be a member of the authority. The members of the authority shall constitute the governing body of the authority. The presence of any four members of the authority shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. No vacancy in the membership of the authority or the voluntary disqualification or abstention of any member thereof shall impair the right of a quorum of the authority to act. Should any member of the authority cease to be a member or officer of the board by reason of death, resignation, expiration of his term of office, or for any other reason, then his successor as a member or officer of the board shall take his place as a member or officer, as the case may be, of the authority.

The authority may adopt such rules, regulations and bylaws as it may determine to be necessary or desirable for the conduct of its duties, powers or functions. The authority is authorized and empowered to use the moneys, services, facilities and employees of the board in carrying out its functions or in furthering the objects or purposes of this amendment. Reasonable compensation and expense allowances for members or officers of the authority may from time to time be altered or provided for by legislative act. No member, officer or employee of the authority or the board shall be personally liable for any debt, obligation or liability of the authority, the board or the state.

III

The authority shall be authorized:

a. To investigate and select an available site for its operations and housing the exhibits, including the surrounding grounds, in cooperation with the community, taking into consideration all pertinent factors affecting the suitability of such site;

b. To acquire by rent or lease agreement or otherwise the necessary housing facilities and to establish, improve and enlarge any available facility, including providing it with necessary equipment, furnishings, landscaping and related facilities, including parking areas and ramps, roadways, sewers, curbs and gutters;

c. To enter into such contracts and cooperative agreements with the local, state and federal governments, with agencies of such governments, including the Tennessee valley authority, with private individuals, corporations, associations and other organizations as it may deem necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of this amendment, such contracts and agreements to include leases to private industry;

d. To borrow money from private sources or such other source as may be acceptable to the authority under such terms and conditions as may be provided by resolution duly adopted by the authority and, in order to provide security for the repayment of any such private loans, to pledge such future revenues from admissions and any other sources as may, from time to time, be necessary or desirable;

e. To issue and sell at any time, and from time to time, its revenue bonds for the purpose of providing funds to acquire, enlarge, improve, equip and maintain any facility and for the payment of obligations incurred for such purposes. The principal and interest on any such revenue bonds shall be payable out of the revenues derived from such facility and as otherwise herein provided;

f. To make such contracts in the issuance of its bonds as may seem necessary or desirable to assure their marketability and to provide for their retirement by a pledge of all or any revenue which may come to the authority from the investment of the proceeds of the sale of such bonds or from any other source whatsoever;

g. To accept public or private gifts, grants and donations;

h. To acquire property by purchase, lease, gift or license;

i. To allocate and expend funds from all donations, income and revenue from any source whatsoever coming into its treasury for the fulfillment and accomplishment of its duties and responsibilities in such manner as may be necessary and appropriate for the perfection of the purposes of this amendment, or to transfer funds from the board to the authority or from the authority to the board;

j. To sell, convey, transfer, lease or donate any property, franchise, grant, easement, license or lease or interest therein which it may own and to transfer, assign, sell, convey or donate any right, title or interest which it may have in any lease, contract, agreement, license or property;

k. To perform such other acts necessary or incidental to the accomplishment of the purposes of this amendment, whether or not specifically authorized in this amendment, and not otherwise prohibited by law.

IV

In view of the unique character and complexity of the duties and responsibilities imposed on the authority by this amendment, it is hereby specifically provided that the authority shall have, in addition to the power and the authority enumerated in part III of this amendment, the right, power and authority to:

a. Develop and institute a program of promotion and advertising of the exhibits and facilities provided for by this amendment, said program of promotion and advertising to be conducted by the authority both within and without the state in such manner and to such extent as may be deemed economically advisable and appropriate by it;

b. Purchase and acquire items of tangible or intangible personal property;

c. Operate itself or, in its discretion enter into lease agreement with a person or agency of its choosing to operate, all concessions located in or on the grounds and facilities operated by the authority, any such lease agreement to be designated so as to provide maximum services and convenience to the patrons of the exhibit center and to provide reasonable revenue return to the authority.

V

The authority and the board, the property and the income of the authority and the board, all bonds issued by the authority, the income from such bonds, conveyances by or to the authority or the board, and leases, mortgages and deeds of trust or trust indentures by or to the authority or the board shall be exempt from all taxation in the state of Alabama. The authority and the board shall be exempt from all taxes levied by any county, incorporated city or town, or other political subdivision of the state, including, but without limitation to, license and excise taxes imposed in respect of the privilege of engaging in any of the activities in which the authority or the board may engage. The authority and the board shall not be obligated to pay or allow any fee, taxes or costs to the judge of probate of any county of the state in respect of the recording of any document.

The authority and the board are arms of the state, existing to carry forth important functions of the state government, and as such they constitute part of the state for purposes of Article I, Section 14 of the Constitution of 1901, as amended, and the members and officers of the authority and the board are state officers for purposes of said Section 14 of the Constitution whose duties and functions are discretionary in nature. No proceeding, notice or approval shall be required for the issuance of any bonds, the execution of any mortgage and deed of trust or trust indenture, or the exercise of any other of its powers by the authority.

VI

Any bonds of the authority may be sold, executed and delivered at any time and from time to time, may be in such forms, denominations, series and numbers, may be such tenor and maturities, may bear such date or dates, may be payable in such installments and at such place or places, may bear interest at such rate or rates payable and evidenced in such manner, and may contain provisions for redemption at the option of the authority at such date or dates prior to their maturity and upon payment of such redemption price or prices, all as shall be provided by the authority in the resolution or resolutions whereunder the bonds are issued. The principal of each series of bonds shall mature in annual installments in such amounts as shall be specified in the resolution or resolutions of the said board under which they are issued, the first of which installments shall mature not later than three years after the date of the bonds of such series and the last of which installments shall mature not later than 30 years after the date of the bonds of the same series.

The bonds shall be signed in the name of the authority by its chairman and the great seal of the state of Alabama, or a facsimile thereof, shall be impressed, printed or otherwise reproduced thereon and shall be attested by the signature of the secretary of the authority; provided that facsimile signatures of said officers may be reproduced on such bonds in lieu of their manually signing the same.

The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing and no further authorization from the legislature shall be a prerequisite to the validity of any bonds issued hereunder, although the legislature may enact appropriate implementing laws, whether before or after the effective date of this amendment, which are not in conflict herewith. Act No. 87-613, Acts of Alabama 1987, is such an implementing law and shall become effective upon the ratification of this amendment by the qualified electors of this state.

VII

The state is authorized to pay from any of its revenues of whatsoever nature and make available to the authority at any time and from time to time such sums as the authority determines are necessary for the prompt and faithful payment of the principal, the interest and premium (if any) on the bonds of e authority in the event the authority determines that appropriations by the legislature and other revenues of the authority (including bond proceeds) remaining after the payment of operating and other expenses are insufficient for the payment of said principal, interest and premium.

VIII

The provisions of this amendment shall be construed liberally, it being the purpose to provide in this state appropriate housing facilities for displaying to the general public exhibits of the authority and the board and for the management and control of displays by such means as may be determined to be feasible and agreed upon by the authority and the board.

Amendment 490 ratified[edit]

Marion County Public Water Authority.

The legislature may, by general or local law, provide for the creation, incorporation, organization, operation, administration, authority and financing of a Marion county public water authority in all or in portions of Marion county as a public corporation to provide any one or more of the following local public services: Obtaining, treating, and furnishing water for residential, commercial or industrial purposes and for any other local service permitted by such general or local law; authorize such authority to fix and collect rates, fees and charges for such services, and to provide penalties for nonpayment and liens upon the property within such public water authority; grant or vest the privilege of eminent domain to such public water authority for the purpose of taking property for public use in accordance with Article XII, Section 235, of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901; authorize the borrowing of money and the issuance of bonds and other obligations by or on behalf of such public water authority, provided that Marion county shall not be responsible for any such bond or obligation and no such bond or obligation shall be chargeable against the limit on the debt of Marion county; extend the service area into one or more other counties; and provide for fire protection facilities or services. Any law enacted at the 1988 Regular Session of the legislature to authorize the creation of such public water authority in Marion county and to implement this amendment to the Constitution (whether with or without published notice of intention) shall become effective upon the ratification of this amendment.

Amendment 491 ratified[edit]

Effectiveness of Laws Providing for Expenditure of Municipal Funds.

No law, whether general, special or local, whose purpose or effect is to provide for a new or increased expenditure of municipal funds held or disbursed by the municipal governing body shall become effective as to any municipality of this state until the first day of the fiscal year next following the passage of such law. The foregoing notwithstanding, a law, whether general, special or local, whose purpose or effect is to provide for a new or increased expenditure of municipal funds held or disbursed by the municipal governing body, shall become effective according to its own terms as any other law if: (1) Such law is approved by a resolution duly adopted by and spread upon the minutes of the municipal governing body of the municipality affected thereby; or (2) Such law (or other law or laws which specifically refer to such law) provides the respective municipal governing bodies with new or additional revenues sufficient to fund such new or increased expenditures.

Amendment 492 ratified[edit]

Promotion of Catfish Industry.

The legislature may hereafter, by general law, provide for the promotion of the production, distribution, improvement, marketing, use and sale of catfish. The legislature may provide for the promotion of catfish and catfish products by research, education, advertising and other methods, and the legislature is further authorized to provide means and methods for the financing of any such promotional activity by prescribing a procedure whereby producers of catfish by referendum among such producers levy upon themselves and collect assessments, fees, or charges upon the purchase of catfish feed for the financing of any such promotional program or activity in cooperation with buyers, processors, dealers, distributors of catfish feed and handlers of catfish. The legislature may make provisions for the nonpayment of assessments by catfish producers and shall make provisions for the refund of assessments to any purchaser of catfish feed who does not desire to participate in an assessment program.

The legislature shall provide for the collection, disbursement, distribution or expenditure of assessments or charges authorized hereunder and to provide penalties for failure to make collection and distribution of assessments. The legislature shall provide for the designation of a nonprofit association or organization for the promotion and betterment of catfish and catfish products to administer and carry out such promotional program which shall include the conducting of elections or referendums among producers of catfish. The legislature may provide the manner by which such referendum is held, including the procedure for application for approval to conduct the referendum, the appropriate action to be taken by the state board of agriculture and industries on such application, the requirements and eligibility of the association or organization which will conduct such referendum, the procedures for voting and eligibility to vote in such referendum, the details of the conduct of such referendum. The legislature shall further provide for the deposit, withdrawal, disbursement and expenditure by the designated association of any funds received subject to the supervision and control of the activities as authorized herein by the department of agriculture and industries and the state board of agriculture and industries. The legislature shall further provide a procedure whereby said association or organization is bonded, for the examination and auditing of said association or organization, and for reasonably necessary rules and regulations to be adopted by the state board of agriculture and industries to effectively carry out the intent and purposes herein enumerated. Assessments, fees or other charges collected as authorized by any legislative act adopted under authority hereof shall not be considered as a tax within the meaning of this constitution or any provision thereof. Any uniformity requirements of this constitution shall be satisfied by the application of the program upon catfish.

Amendment 493 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Probate Judge of Autauga County.

Commencing at the next term of office, the probate judge of Autauga county shall be entitled to receive compensation in the form of an annual salary. Such annual salary shall be the amount of the minimum salary prescribed by general law and shall continue for the first three years of such term of office. Thereafter, the minimum annual salary of the probate judge of Autauga county shall be 90 percent of the annual compensation and allowance paid the presiding circuit judge of the 19th judicial circuit or the minimum salary prescribed by general law, whichever is higher. Such salary shall be paid in lieu of all other fees, allowances, and percentages heretofore provided by law, and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund in the county treasury.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Autauga county shall hereafter continue to be collected but shall be paid into the county general fund.

Amendment 494 ratified[edit]

Appropriation by City of Anniston in Calhoun County for East Alabama United Cerebral Palsy Center.

The governing body of the city of Anniston in Calhoun county is hereby authorized to appropriate the sum of $35,000.00 from public funds on a one-time basis only to the East Alabama United Cerebral Palsy Center for the cost of its complex at the Jaycee park.

Amendment 495 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Choctaw County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Choctaw county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Choctaw county such salary as provided by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Choctaw county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Choctaw county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Choctaw county.

The county commission of Choctaw county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Choctaw county.

Amendment 495 ratified[edit]

Compensation of Choctaw County Probate Judge.

Effective the beginning of the next term of office after ratification of this amendment, the judge of probate of Choctaw county shall be compensated on a salary basis. He shall receive in equal monthly installments from the general fund of Choctaw county such salary as provided by local law. Such salary shall be the entire compensation received by such judge for his services in any official or ex officio capacity. Such salary shall be in lieu of all fees, commissions, allowances, percentages and other charges previously paid to the judge of probate of Choctaw county.

All fees, commissions, allowances, percentages, and other charges heretofore collected for the use of the judge of probate of Choctaw county shall continue to be collected but shall be paid into the general fund of Choctaw county.

The county commission of Choctaw county shall provide the judge of probate with such office personnel, equipment and supplies as such county commission may consider necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of his office. Compensation of any personnel so provided shall be fixed by the county commission and shall be paid in equal monthly installments out of the general fund of Choctaw county.

Amendment 497 ratified[edit]

Prohibition of Overgrowth of Weeds and Storage and Accumulation of Certain Junk, Motor Vehicles and Litter in Jefferson County.

The legislature may from time to time by local act authorize or require the Jefferson county commission to:

(a) Prohibit the overgrowth of weeds and the storage and accumulation of junk, inoperable motor vehicles and other litter;

(b) Implement, administer and enforce said prohibition and;

(c) Assess criminal penalties for violations thereof. All existing local acts pertaining to Jefferson county relating to the subject of this constitutional amendment enacted prior to the adoption and ratification of this constitutional amendment are hereby validated.

Amendment 498 ratified[edit]

Levy and Collection of Financial Charges or Assessments in Fire Fighting Districts of Lee County.

The governing body of Lee county shall be and is hereby authorized to levy and to collect financial charges or assessments upon and with respect to any or all property (which financial charges or assessments, regardless of whether considered to be property taxes, need not be assessed in exact proportion to the value of property subject to such financial charges or assessments) within the boundaries of any one or more fire fighting districts in Lee county established by said governing body pursuant to the provisions of that certain amendment to the Constitution proposed by Act No. 80-313, enacted at the 1980 Regular Session of the legislature, and known as Amendment No. 392. Any such financial charge or assessment shall, subject to succeeding provisions of this amendment, be so levied and collected at such rate or rates, for such period or periods of time, on such basis (whether ad valorem, or otherwise) and otherwise on such terms and conditions as shall from time to time be specified, provided or limited by the legislature by general, special or local law, and as said governing body may, consistently with then applicable provisions of such general, special or local law, determine; provided however, that no such financial charge or assessment shall be so levied or collected in any such district unless a majority of the qualified electors residing in such district and voting at an election called for such purpose approve the levy and collection of such financial charge or assessment within such district, at such rate (not to exceed the maximum rate then permitted by law) and for such period of time (not to exceed the maximum period of time then permitted by law) as shall be briefly described or summarized on the ballot used in such election. Thereafter no increase in the rate of such financial charge or assessment above the rate or maximum rate (as the case may be) so approved by the electorate of such district, and no extension of the period of time or maximum period of time (as the case may be) for which such financial charge or assessment shall have been authorized to be levied and collected within such district, shall be effective except upon approval by a majority of the qualified electors residing in such district and voting at an election called for such purpose. Any provision of the Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding (including specifically, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Section 190, as amended), the legislature may, by general, special or local law, provide for and otherwise regulate elections held under or pursuant to the provisions of this amendment.

The proceeds of any financial charge or assessment levied and collected pursuant to the provisions of this amendment shall be expended solely for payment of expenses of (i) providing fire protection services and facilities within the district in which such financial charge or assessment is so levied and collected (either directly or indirectly, as the legislature may specify), but otherwise in accordance with the provisions of the aforesaid Amendment No. 392, and (ii) levying and collecting such financial charge or assessment. Any such financial charge or assessment may, any provision of the Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding, be levied upon and with respect to any property within the boundaries of the district in question regardless of whether such property is otherwise exempt from property taxation (on an ad valorem basis or otherwise).

The legislature shall, any provision of the Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding (including specifically, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Section 105), have the power, by general, special or local law, to provide for the implementation of the provisions of this amendment and otherwise to enact laws in furtherance of the purposes hereof and of the aforesaid Amendment No. 392. Any such law enacted at the session of the legislature at which this amendment is proposed shall be and hereby is ratified, approved, validated and confirmed in all respects notwithstanding that notice of intention to apply therefor was not published as specified in Section 106 of the Constitution, as amended, provided that (1) notice of intention to apply therefor and stating the substance thereof shall have been published one time in a newspaper published in Lee county, and (2) such law by its terms becomes effective only upon the ratification of this amendment. Furthermore, the aforesaid Amendment No. 392 shall be and hereby is ratified, approved, validated and confirmed in all respects.

The provisions of this amendment shall not, except to the extent expressly provided herein, be construed as self-executing, it being understood that no financial charge or assessment shall be levied hereunder and no election with respect thereto shall be held hereunder unless and until the legislature, by general, special or local law, shall have (a) specified the rate or rates (or maximum rate) at which, and the period or periods (or maximum period) for which, any such financial charge or assessment may be levied, as well as the basis for any such financial charge or assessment, and (b) provided for elections to be held under or pursuant to the provisions of this amendment.

Amendment 499 ratified[edit]

Municipality Police Jurisdiction in Limestone County.

In Limestone county, no police jurisdiction of a municipality located wholly or partially within Limestone county shall extend beyond the corporate limits of the municipality.

Amendment 500 ratified[edit]

Investment of Municipal Funds and County Funds by Mobile County.

The terms "municipal funds" and "county funds" as used in this amendment shall include all general, special, permanent, trust and other funds, regardless of source or purpose, held or administered by Mobile county, any city or town in Mobile county, or by any officer or agency thereof.

In addition to any investments or obligations provided for by general law, any municipal or county funds not needed for other purposes may be invested in the procurement of secured repurchase agreements, secured commercial paper and secured banker's acceptance, invested overnight and invested in higher yield rates of return for more flexible maturities.