An Etymological Dictionary of the German Language/Annotated/List of Abbreviations

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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.

abstr. = abstract.

acc. = accusative.

adj. = adjective.

adv. = adverb.

adverb. = adverbial.

Alem. = Alemannian.

Americ. = American.

Arab. = Arabic.

Armen. = Armenian.

Armor. = Armorican.

AS. = Anglo-Saxon.


Bav. = Bavarian.

Bohem. = Bohemian.

Bret. = Breton.

Burg. = Burgundian.


causat. = causative.

Chald. = Chaldean.

Chin. = Chinese.

class. = classical.

collect. = collective.

comp. = compare.

conj. = conjunction.

conjug. = conjugation.

contr. = contracted.

Corn. = Cornish.

CrimGoth. = Crimean Gothic.

Cymr. = Cymric.


Dan. = Danish.

dat. = dative.

declen. = declension.

denom. = denominative.

dial. = dialect, dialectic.

dimin. = diminutive.

Dor. = Doric.

Du. = Dutch.


E. = English.

EAryan = East Aryan.[1]

East Teut. = East Teutonic.[2]

Egypt. = Egyptian.

equiv. = equivalent.

Europ. = European.


f. = feminine.

Finn. = Finnish.

Fr. = French.

Franc. = Franconian.

frequent. = frequentative.

Fris. = Frisian.


Gael. = Gaelic.

Gall. = Gallic.

gen. = genitive.

Goth. = Gothic.

Gr. = Greek.


Hebr. = Hebrew.

HG. = High German.

Hung. = Hungarian.


Ic. = Icelandic.

Ind. = Indian.

indeclin. = indeclinable.

infin. = infinitive.

inflect. = inflected.

instrum. = instrumental.

intens. = intensive.

interj. = interjection.

interr. = interrogative.

intrans. = intransitive.

Ion. = Ionian.

Ir. = Irish.

Ital. = Italian.


Jew. = Jewish.


Kelt. = Keltic.


Lapp. = Lappish.

Lat. = Latin.

Lett. = Lettic.

LG. = Low German.

lit. = literal(ly).

Lith. = Lithuanian.

Lombard = Lombardic.

Lower Rhen. = Lower Rhenish.


m. = masculine.

MidDu. = Middle Dutch.

MidE. = Middle English.

MidG. = Middle German.

MidGr. = Middle Greek.

MidHG. = Middle High German.

MidLat. = Middle Latin.

MidLG. = Middle Low German.

ModDu. = Modern Dutch.

ModE. = Modern English.

ModFr. = Modern French.

ModGr. = Modern Greek.

ModHG. = Modern High German

ModIc. = Modern Icelandic.

ModLG. = Modern Low German.

ModTeut. = Modern Teutonic.[2]

Mongol. = Mongolian.


n. = neuter.

naut. = nautical.

nom. = nominative.

Norw. = Norwegian.

num. = numeral.


OAryan = Old Aryan.[1]

OBulg. = Old Bulgarian.

ODu.= Old Dutch.

OFr.= Old French.

OFris. = Old Frisian.

OHG. = Old High German.

OIc. = Old Icelandic.

OInd. = Old Indian.

OIr. = Old Irish.

OKelt.= Old Celtic.

OLat. = Old Latin.

OLG. = Old Low German.

onomat. = onomatopoetic.

OPers. = Old Persian.

OPruss. = Old Prussian.

ord. = ordinal.

orig. = original(ly).

OSax. = Old Saxon.

OSlav. = Old Slavonic.

OSlov.= Old Slovenian.

OTeut. = Old Teutonic.[2]


partic. = participle.

perf. = perfect.

Pers. = Persian.

Phœn. = Phœnician.

Pied. = Piedmontese.

plur. = plural.

Pol. = Polish.

Port. = Portuguese.

poss. = possessive.

Prak. = Prakrit.

pref. = prefix.

prep. = preposition.

pres. = present.

pret. = preterite.

prim. = primary.

primit. = primitive(ly).

pron. = pronoun.

pronom. = pronominal.

prop. = properly.

Proven. = Provençal.

Pruss. = Prussian.


redup. = reduplicated.

refl. = reflexive.

Rom. = Romance.

Russ. = Russian.


s. = singular.

Sans. = Sanscrit.

Sax. = Saxon.

Scand. = Scandinavian.

Scyth. = Scythian.

Sem. = Semitic.

Serv. = Servian.

Slav. = Slavonic.

Slov. = Slovenian

Span. = Spanish.

str. = strong.

subst. = substantive.

Suff. = suffix.

super. = superlative.

Swab. = Swabian.

Swed. = Swedish.


Teut. = Teutonic.[2]

Thrac. = Thracian.

trans. = transitive.


Umb. = Umbrian.

UpG. = Upper German.


vb. = verb.

voc.= vocative.


W.= Welsh.

West Sax. = West Saxon.

West Teut. = West Teutonic.[2]

wk. = weak.


An asterisk (*) signifies that the form adduced is only theoretical.

Annotations[edit]

The following annotations were added by a Wikisource user, and are not part of the original work.
  1. 1.0 1.1 In the German original ostindogermanisch, altindogermanisch, etc.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Teutonic refers to the Germanic peoples and languages (in the German original germanisch, westgermanisch, etc.)