Atharva-Veda Samhita/Book IX

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search

Book IX.

⌊This ninth book is the second of the second grand division of the Atharvan collection. For a general statement as to the make-up of the books of this division, see page 471. The Old Anukramaṇī describes the length of hymns 1, 3, and 5 by stating in each case the excess over 20 verses—perhaps assuming 20 as the normal length. The whole book has been translated by Victor Henry, Les livres VIII et IX de l'Atharva-véda traduits et commentés, Paris, 1894. The bhāṣya is lacking for this book.⌋

Paryāya-hymns: for details respecting them, see pages 471-2. The paryāya-hymns of this book are hymn 6 (with 6 paryāyas) and hymn 7 (with 1 paryāya).⌋

⌊The anuvāka-division of the book (as is explained on page 472 also) is into five anuvākas of two hymns each. The "decad"-division likewise is as described on page 472. A tabular conspectus for book ix. follows:

Anuvākas 1 2 3 4 5
Hymns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Verses 24 25 31 24 38 62¶ 26¶ 22 22 28
Decad-div. 10+14 10+10+5 10+10+11 10+14 10+10+10+8 6P 1P 10+12 10+12 10+10+8

Here ¶ means "paragraph of a paryāya" (such as is numbered as a "verse" in the Berlin edition) and P means "paryāya." The last line shows the "decad"-division. These divisions are shown also in both editions. Of these "decads," anuvākas 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 contain respectively 5, 5, 4, 2, and 5 (in all, 21 "decads"); while anuvākas 3 and 4 have respectively 6 paryāyas and 1. The sum is 21 "decad"-sūktas and 7 paryāya-sūktas or 28 sūktas.⌋


Hymn-
number
Page
IX. Book the ninth
1 To the honey-whip etc 517
2 To Kāma: for various blessings 521
3 To accompany the releasing of a house 525
4 Accompanying the gift of a bull 529
5 With the offering of a goat and five rice-dishes 533
6 Exalting the entertainment of guests (second paryāya-hymn, with 6 paryāyas) 539
7 Extolling the ox (third paryāya-hymn, with 1 paryāya) 547
8 Against various diseases 549
9 Mystic 552
10 Mystic 556