Atlantis: The Antediluvian World

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Atlantis: The Antediluvian World  (1882) 
by Ignatius Donnelly

Atlantis: The Antediluvian World is a book published in 1882 by Minnesota populist politician Ignatius L. Donnelly. Donnelly considered Plato's account of Atlantis as largely factual and attempted to establish that all known ancient civilizations were descended from this lost land. Excerpted from Atlantis: The Antediluvian World on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Atlantis - The Antediluvian World (1882).djvu

Atlantis - The Antediluvian World 1882 Frontispiece.jpg

THE PROFILE OF ATLANTIS,
As revealed by the deep-sea soundings of H. M. ship "Challenger," and the U. S. ship "Dolphin."

ATLANTIS:

THE ANTEDILUVIAN WORLD.

BY

IGNATIUS DONNELLY.

ILLUSTRATED.

"The world has made such comet-like advance
Lately on science, we may almost hope,
Before we die of sheer decay, to learn
Something about our infancy; when lived
That great, original, broad-eyed, sunken race,
Whose knowledge, like the sea-sustaining rocks,
Hath formed the base of this world's fluctuous lore."

Festus.

ELEVENTH EDITION.

NEW YORK:

HARPER & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1882, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.


All rights reserved.

CONTENTS.


PART I.

THE HISTORY OF ATLANTIS

Chap.
Page
I.
The Purpose of the Book
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1
II.
Plato's History of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
5
III.
The Probabilities of Plato's Story
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
22
IV.
Was Such a Catastrophe Possible?
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
31
V.
The Testimony of the Sea
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
46
VI.
The Testimony of the Flora and Fauna
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
54

PART II.

THE DELUGE.

I.
The Destruction of Atlantis described in the Deluge Legends
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
65
II.
The Deluge of the Bible
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
68
III.
The Deluge of the Chaldeans
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
75
IV.
The Deluge Legends of other Nations
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
85
V.
The Deluge Legends of America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
98
VI.
Some Consideration of the Deluge Legends
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
119

PART III.

THE CIVILIZATION OF THE OLD WORLD AND NEW COMPARED.

I.
Civilization an Inheritance
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
129
II.
The Identity of the Civilizations of the Old World and the New
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
136
III.
American Evidences of Intercourse with Europe or Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
165
IV.
Corroborating Circumstances
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
171
V.
The Question of Complexion
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
183
VI.
Genesis contains a History of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
198
VII.
The Origin of our Alphabet
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
214
VIII.
The Bronze Age in Europe
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
237
IX.
Artificial Deformation of the Skull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
268

PART IV.

THE MYTHOLOGIES OF THE OLD WORLD A RECOLLECTION OF ATLANTIS.

I.
Traditions of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
276
II.
The Kings of Atlantis become the Gods of the Greeks
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
283
III.
The Gods of the Phœnicians also Kings of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
308
IV.
The God Odin, Woden, or Wotan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
313
V.
The Pyramid, the Cross, and the Garden of Eden
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
317
VI.
Gold and Silver the Sacred Metals of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
343

PART V.

THE COLONIES OF ATLANTIS.

I.
The Central American and Mexican Colonies
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
348
II.
The Egyptian Colony
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
358
III.
The Colonies of the Mississippi Valley
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
370
IV.
The Iberian Colonies of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
387
V.
The Peruvian Colony
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
390
VI.
The African Colonies
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
404
VII.
The Irish Colonies from Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
408
VIII.
The Oldest Son of Noah
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
423
IX.
The Antiquity of some of our Great Inventions
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
440
X.
The Aryan Colonies from Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
456
XI.
Atlantis Reconstructed
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
472

Index
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
481

ILLUSTRATIONS.


Page
The Profile of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Frontispiece
Coal-measures of Pennsylvania
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
31
Destruction of Pompeii
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
33
Calabrian Peasants Ingulfed by Crevasses (1783)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
37
Fort of Sindree, on the Eastern Branch of the Indus, before it was Submerged by the Earthquake of 1819
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
39
View of the Fort of Sindree from the West in March, 1838
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
39
Eruption of Vesuvius in 1737
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
41
Map of Atlantis, with its Islands and Connecting Ridges, from Deep-sea Soundings
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
47
Ancient Islands between Atlantis and the Mediterranean, from Deep-sea Soundings
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
51
Ancient Carving, Stratford-on-Avon, England
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
60
Cereals of the Age of Stone in Europe
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
62
Ancient Irish Pipes
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
63
Ancient Indian Pipe, New Jersey
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
64
The World, according to Cosmos
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
95
Map of Europe, after Cosmos
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
96
The Mountain the Sun goes behind at Night
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
97
The Starting-point of the Aztecs, according to the Gamelli Careri Pictured MS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
104
The Starting-point of the Aztecs, according to the Boturini Pictured Writing
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
104
Calendar Stone
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
107
The God of the Flood
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
123
Mosaics at Mitla, Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
137
Carving on the Buddhist Tower, Sarnath, India
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
139
Ancient Irish Vase of the Bronze Age
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
142
Ancient Vase from the Mounds of the United States
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
143
Ancient Mexican Vase
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
166
Bearded Head, from Teotihuacan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
166
Elephant Mound, Wisconsin
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
168
Elephant Pipe, Louisa County, Iowa
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
169
Elephant-trunk Head-dress, Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
169
Mexican Representation of Elephant
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
170
Negro Idols found in Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
174
Negroid Figure, Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
175
Negro Head, Vera Cruz
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
175
Governor and other Indians of the Pueblo of San Domingo, New Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
187
Choctaw
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
190
Shawnees
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
191
Savonarola
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
193
The Races of Men according to the Egyptians
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
195
Ruins of the Pyramid of Cholula
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
201
Great Serpent-mound, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
205
Stone Implements of Europe and America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
206
Landa'a Alphabet
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
217
The Alphabet
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
219
Implements and Ornaments of the Bronze Age
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
239
Ornaments of the Bronze Age
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
242
Celtic Warrior, from Egyptian Monuments
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
244
Celtic Warrior, from Assyrian Monuments
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
245
A Skull of the Age of Stone, Denmark
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
249
A Skull of the Earliest Times of the Age of Iron, Denmark
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
249
Irish Celt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
250
Danish Celt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
250
Leaf-shaped Bronze Swords
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
251
Stone Celt, Mound in Tennessee
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
253
Bronze Knives from Denmark
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
254
Bronze Knives from Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
254
Hut Urn, Albano
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
255
Bronze Lake Village
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
255
Bronze Razor-knives
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
256
Ancient Galley, from a Roman Coin
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
257
Ship of William the Conqueror
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
257
Irish Bronze Dagger
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
258
Inscribed Celt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
258
Bronze Hair-pins
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
259
Vases from Mounds in the Mississippi Valley
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
260
Vases from Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
261
Ancient Swiss Vase and Supporter
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
201
Bronze Chisels
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
262
Spirals from Scotland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
262
Spiral from New Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
262
Discoidal Stones, Illinois
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
263
Copper Spear-head, Lake Superior
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
263
Bronze Hatchets, Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
263
Spiral from New Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
265
Shell Ornament, Mound near Nashville, Tennessee
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
265
Copper Axe, from a Mound near Laporte, Indiana
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Copper Axe, Waterford, Ireland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Fragment of Pottery, Lake Neufchatel, Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Fragment of Pottery, San José, Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Stucco Bass-relief in the Palace of Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
269
Ancient Swiss Skull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
270
Peruvian Skull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
271
Chinook (Flat-head), after Catlin
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
271
Heads from Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
272
Outlines of Skulls of Different Races
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
273
Egyptian Heads
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
274
Central American Head
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
274
Egyptian Head
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
274
Peruvian Inca Skull, from the Ancient Cemetery of Pachacamac
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
275
The Empire of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
295
Poseidon, or Neptune
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
305
Egyptian Tau
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
319
Cross from Monuments of Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
319
Ancient Irish Cross
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
320
Central American Cross
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
320
Copper Coin, Teotihuacan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
320
Ancient Irish Cross—Pre-Christian—Kilnaboy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
321
Cross from Egyptian Monuments
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
322
Pyramids of Egypt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
337
Pyramids of Teotihuacan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
338
The great Mound, near Miamisburg, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
339
Great Pyramid of Xcoch, Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
341
Common Form of Arch, Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
353
Section of the Treasure-house of Atreus at Mycenae
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
354
Arch of Las Monjas, Palenque, Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
355
Graded Way near Piketon, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
373
Walls at Gran-Chimu, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
375
Cross and Pyramid Mound, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
375
From the Mounds of the Ohio Valley
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
381
Cyclopean Wall, Greece
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
397
Cyclopean Masonry, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
397
Owl-headed Vase, Troy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
398
Owl-headed Vase, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
398
Owl-headed Vase, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
399
Owl-headed Vase, Troy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
400
Tamahu, from the Egyptian Monuments, 1500 B.C.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
407
The Burgh of Moussa, in the Shetlands
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
417
Round-tower of the Cañon of the Mancos, Colorado, U.S.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
418
Cow-headed Idol, Mycenæ (from Schliemann)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
427
Religious Emblem of the Bronze Age, Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
428
Baal, the Phœnician God
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
428
Moqui Idol
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
429
Dakota Idol
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
429
Peruvian Devil
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
429
Greek Siren
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
430
Chinese Magnetic Car
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
442
Ancient Coins of Tyre
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
444
Coin from Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
445
Ancient Egyptian Plough
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
460

This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.