Atlantis: The Antediluvian World

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Atlantis - The Antediluvian World (1882).djvu

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THE PROFILE OF ATLANTIS,
As revealed by the deep-sea soundings of H. M. ship "Challenger," and the U. S. ship "Dolphin."

 

 

ATLANTIS:

 

THE ANTEDILUVIAN WORLD.

 

BY

IGNATIUS DONNELLY.

 

ILLUSTRATED.

 

"The world has made such comet-like advance
Lately on science, we may almost hope,
Before we die of sheer decay, to learn
Something about our infancy; when lived
That great, original, broad-eyed, sunken race,
Whose knowledge, like the sea-sustaining rocks,
Hath formed the base of this world's fluctuous lore."

Festus.

 

ELEVENTH EDITION.

 

NEW YORK:

HARPER & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE.

 

 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1882, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.


All rights reserved.

 

 

CONTENTS.

 

 

PART I.

THE HISTORY OF ATLANTIS

Chap.
Page
I.
The Purpose of the Book
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1
II.
Plato's History of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
5
III.
The Probabilities of Plato's Story
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
22
IV.
Was Such a Catastrophe Possible?
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
31
V.
The Testimony of the Sea
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
46
VI.
The Testimony of the Flora and Fauna
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
54
 

 

PART II.

THE DELUGE.

I.
The Destruction of Atlantis described in the Deluge Legends
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
65
II.
The Deluge of the Bible
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
68
III.
The Deluge of the Chaldeans
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
75
IV.
The Deluge Legends of other Nations
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
85
V.
The Deluge Legends of America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
98
VI.
Some Consideration of the Deluge Legends
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
119
 

 

PART III.

THE CIVILIZATION OF THE OLD WORLD AND NEW COMPARED.

I.
Civilization an Inheritance
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
129
II.
The Identity of the Civilizations of the Old World and the New
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
136
III.
American Evidences of Intercourse with Europe or Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
165
IV.
Corroborating Circumstances
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
171
V.
The Question of Complexion
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
183
VI.
Genesis contains a History of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
198
VII.
The Origin of our Alphabet
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
214
VIII.
The Bronze Age in Europe
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
237
IX.
Artificial Deformation of the Skull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
268
 

 

PART IV.

THE MYTHOLOGIES OF THE OLD WORLD A RECOLLECTION OF ATLANTIS.

I.
Traditions of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
276
II.
The Kings of Atlantis become the Gods of the Greeks
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
283
III.
The Gods of the Phœnicians also Kings of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
308
IV.
The God Odin, Woden, or Wotan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
313
V.
The Pyramid, the Cross, and the Garden of Eden
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
317
VI.
Gold and Silver the Sacred Metals of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
343
 

 

PART V.

THE COLONIES OF ATLANTIS.

I.
The Central American and Mexican Colonies
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
348
II.
The Egyptian Colony
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
358
III.
The Colonies of the Mississippi Valley
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
370
IV.
The Iberian Colonies of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
387
V.
The Peruvian Colony
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
390
VI.
The African Colonies
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
404
VII.
The Irish Colonies from Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
408
VIII.
The Oldest Son of Noah
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
423
IX.
The Antiquity of some of our Great Inventions
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
440
X.
The Aryan Colonies from Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
456
XI.
Atlantis Reconstructed
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
472
 

 
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
481
 

 

ILLUSTRATIONS.

 

 
Page
The Profile of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Frontispiece
Coal-measures of Pennsylvania
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
31
Destruction of Pompeii
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
33
Calabrian Peasants Ingulfed by Crevasses (1783)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
37
Fort of Sindree, on the Eastern Branch of the Indus, before it was Submerged by the Earthquake of 1819
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
39
View of the Fort of Sindree from the West in March, 1838
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
39
Eruption of Vesuvius in 1737
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
41
Map of Atlantis, with its Islands and Connecting Ridges, from Deep-sea Soundings
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
47
Ancient Islands between Atlantis and the Mediterranean, from Deep-sea Soundings
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
51
Ancient Carving, Stratford-on-Avon, England
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
60
Cereals of the Age of Stone in Europe
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
62
Ancient Irish Pipes
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
63
Ancient Indian Pipe, New Jersey
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
64
The World, according to Cosmos
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
95
Map of Europe, after Cosmos
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
96
The Mountain the Sun goes behind at Night
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
97
The Starting-point of the Aztecs, according to the Gamelli Careri Pictured MS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
104
The Starting-point of the Aztecs, according to the Boturini Pictured Writing
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
104
Calendar Stone
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
107
The God of the Flood
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
123
Mosaics at Mitla, Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
137
Carving on the Buddhist Tower, Sarnath, India
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
139
Ancient Irish Vase of the Bronze Age
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
142
Ancient Vase from the Mounds of the United States
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
143
Ancient Mexican Vase
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
166
Bearded Head, from Teotihuacan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
166
Elephant Mound, Wisconsin
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
168
Elephant Pipe, Louisa County, Iowa
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
169
Elephant-trunk Head-dress, Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
169
Mexican Representation of Elephant
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
170
Negro Idols found in Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
174
Negroid Figure, Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
175
Negro Head, Vera Cruz
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
175
Governor and other Indians of the Pueblo of San Domingo, New Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
187
Choctaw
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
190
Shawnees
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
191
Savonarola
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
193
The Races of Men according to the Egyptians
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
195
Ruins of the Pyramid of Cholula
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
201
Great Serpent-mound, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
205
Stone Implements of Europe and America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
206
Landa'a Alphabet
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
217
The Alphabet
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
219
Implements and Ornaments of the Bronze Age
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
239
Ornaments of the Bronze Age
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
242
Celtic Warrior, from Egyptian Monuments
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
244
Celtic Warrior, from Assyrian Monuments
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
245
A Skull of the Age of Stone, Denmark
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
249
A Skull of the Earliest Times of the Age of Iron, Denmark
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
249
Irish Celt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
250
Danish Celt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
250
Leaf-shaped Bronze Swords
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
251
Stone Celt, Mound in Tennessee
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
253
Bronze Knives from Denmark
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
254
Bronze Knives from Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
254
Hut Urn, Albano
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
255
Bronze Lake Village
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
255
Bronze Razor-knives
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
256
Ancient Galley, from a Roman Coin
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
257
Ship of William the Conqueror
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
257
Irish Bronze Dagger
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
258
Inscribed Celt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
258
Bronze Hair-pins
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
259
Vases from Mounds in the Mississippi Valley
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
260
Vases from Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
261
Ancient Swiss Vase and Supporter
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
201
Bronze Chisels
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
262
Spirals from Scotland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
262
Spiral from New Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
262
Discoidal Stones, Illinois
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
263
Copper Spear-head, Lake Superior
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
263
Bronze Hatchets, Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
263
Spiral from New Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
265
Shell Ornament, Mound near Nashville, Tennessee
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
265
Copper Axe, from a Mound near Laporte, Indiana
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Copper Axe, Waterford, Ireland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Fragment of Pottery, Lake Neufchatel, Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Fragment of Pottery, San José, Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
266
Stucco Bass-relief in the Palace of Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
269
Ancient Swiss Skull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
270
Peruvian Skull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
271
Chinook (Flat-head), after Catlin
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
271
Heads from Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
272
Outlines of Skulls of Different Races
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
273
Egyptian Heads
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
274
Central American Head
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
274
Egyptian Head
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
274
Peruvian Inca Skull, from the Ancient Cemetery of Pachacamac
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
275
The Empire of Atlantis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
295
Poseidon, or Neptune
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
305
Egyptian Tau
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
319
Cross from Monuments of Palenque
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
319
Ancient Irish Cross
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
320
Central American Cross
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
320
Copper Coin, Teotihuacan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
320
Ancient Irish Cross—Pre-Christian—Kilnaboy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
321
Cross from Egyptian Monuments
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
322
Pyramids of Egypt
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
337
Pyramids of Teotihuacan
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
338
The great Mound, near Miamisburg, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
339
Great Pyramid of Xcoch, Mexico
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
341
Common Form of Arch, Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
353
Section of the Treasure-house of Atreus at Mycenae
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
354
Arch of Las Monjas, Palenque, Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
355
Graded Way near Piketon, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
373
Walls at Gran-Chimu, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
375
Cross and Pyramid Mound, Ohio
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
375
From the Mounds of the Ohio Valley
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
381
Cyclopean Wall, Greece
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
397
Cyclopean Masonry, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
397
Owl-headed Vase, Troy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
398
Owl-headed Vase, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
398
Owl-headed Vase, Peru
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
399
Owl-headed Vase, Troy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
400
Tamahu, from the Egyptian Monuments, 1500 b.c.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
407
The Burgh of Moussa, in the Shetlands
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
417
Round-tower of the Cañon of the Mancos, Colorado, U.S.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
418
Cow-headed Idol, Mycenæ (from Schliemann)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
427
Religious Emblem of the Bronze Age, Switzerland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
428
Baal, the Phœnician God
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
428
Moqui Idol
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
429
Dakota Idol
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
429
Peruvian Devil
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
429
Greek Siren
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
430
Chinese Magnetic Car
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
442
Ancient Coins of Tyre
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
444
Coin from Central America
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
445
Ancient Egyptian Plough
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
460

This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.