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(c. 40s – c. 120)

Greek: Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos. Upon naturalization as a Roman citizen, also known as Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος).
Greek historian, biographer, and essayist



Plutarch's works, though written in Greek, are frequently referenced by their Latin translations.
  • Parallel Lives or Plutarch's Lives (In Latin, usually the Vitae or Vitae Illustrium Virorum), including many biographies sometimes printed separately
  • Morals (Opera Moralia), including many essays sometimes printed separately and the fragments of his lost works
  • From Consolatio ad Apollonium attributed to Aesop: Arsinoe and her Son

Works about Plutarch


On his works


Some or all works by this author were published before January 1, 1929, and are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. Translations or editions published later may be copyrighted. Posthumous works may be copyrighted based on how long they have been published in certain countries and areas.

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