Bank of the United States v. Planters' Bank of Georgia
The circuit courts of the United States have jurisdiction of suits brought by the Bank of the United States against another bank incorporated under a law of a state, and of which the state itself is a stockholder, together with private individuals, who are citizens of the same state with some of the stockholders of the Bank of the United States.
The Bank of the United States may sue in the circuit courts as endorsee or bearer of a promissory note although the original payee or endorser could not sue in the same courts, being a citizen of the same state with the defendants.
The circumstance that a state is a member of a private corporation will not give this Court original jurisdiction of suits where the corporation is a party or oust the circuit courts of the jurisdiction vested in them by law.
THIS cause was brought up on a certificate of a division of opinion between the Judges of the Circuit Court of Georgia, upon the questions arising in it, and was argued by the same counsel with the preceding case of Osborn v. The Bank of the United States.
Mr. Chief Justice MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court.