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For other English-language translations of this work, see Deuteronomy (Bible).
Deuteronomy by Moses, translated by Wikisource
Free Bible

Chapter 1[edit]

1These are the words which Moshe spoke to all Israel across the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah opposite Suph, between Pharan and between Tophel, and Laban, and Chatzeroth, and Di-Zahab.

2Eleven days from Choreb [by] way of mount Se'ir to Qadesh-Barne'ah

3And it was in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month on the first of the month [when] Moshe spoke to the children of Israel, as YHWH had commanded him [to do] to them.

4After he his smiting of Sichon king of the Ammonites who dwells in Cheshbon, and of Og king of the Bashan, who dwells in 'Ashtarot in Edre'i.

5Across the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moshe took up and explained this teaching to say:

6YHWH our God spoke to us at Choreb to say: "Greatly have you remained at this mountain.

7Turn and take yourselves and go to the mountain of the Amorites and all its places in the Arabah, in the hills, in the lowlands, in the desert, and by the shore, the land of the Canaanites and Lebanon, unto the great river--the Euphrates River.

8Look, I have given before you the land--go and see the land that YHWH swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob to give to them, and to their offspring after them."

9And he said to them at that time, to say: I am unable to bear you alone.

10YHWH your God has greatened you, and here you are today, as the stars in the skies in greatness.

11YHWH the God of your fathers has increased you a thousand times as you, and blessed you as told you.

12How will I alone bring your toil and your burden and your squabbling?

13Bring to you men, smart, wise, and knowledgeable to the tribes, and I will make them at your head.

14And you [the Israelites] answered me and said "The thing you have said to us is good to do".

15Then I took the heads of the tribes, smart and knowledgeable men, and I gace them as heads to you--ministers of thousands, ministers of hundreds, ministers of fifty, and ministers of tens and officers [according] to your tribes.

16Then I commanded your judges at that time, saying: "Hear [what is] between your brethren and judge righteously between a man and between his brother and between his stranger.

17Do not know faces in judgement[1], as with the small and the large you will listen, do not show deference[2] to the face of a man, since it is a judgement to God; the matter that is causing difficulty for you bring it to me and I will hear it".

18Then I commanded you at that time all the things you will do.

19Then we traveled from Choreb, and went [through] all that desert, large and frightening[3], which you saw on the road of the mountain of the Amorites, as YHWH our God commanded us, and we went to Qadesh Barne'ah.

20Then I said to you "You have come to the mountain of the Amorites, which YHWH our God gives to us.

21Look, YHWH your God has given you the land--arise and possess, as YHWH God of your Fathers has told you. Do not fear and do not be abashed[4].

22Then all of you came close to me and you said: "Let's send men before us. They will inspect[5] the land for us and return to us by the path on which we will go up, and the cities to which we will go."

23This matter was good in my eyes, so I took twelve men from among you, one man for a tribe.

24Then they turned and went up towards the mountain, and they went to the Wadi of Clusters, and spied on it.

25They took by their hands from the fruit of the land, and brought it down to us, and brought back to us word and said "Good is the land that YHWH our God is giving us".

26You did not agree to go up, but rebelled against the word[6] of YHWH your God.

27And you discussed[7] in your tents and you said: "In hatred of us YHWH brought us out of the land of Egypt to give us to the hand of the Amorites for our destruction.

28Is it best for us to go up? Our brethren have destroyed our hearts, saying 'The nation is greater and more powerful than we are. The cities are large and fortified in the heavens, and also sons of giants we saw there."

29Then I said to you "Do not be terrified, and do not be awe-struck from them.

30YHWH your God goes before you, he will fight for you, like all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes.

31And in the wilderness that you saw, that YHWH your God carried you, as a man carries his son, all the way you have gone, until you arrived at this place."

32But in this matter, you did not have faith in YHWH your God.

33[He] who went before you on the road to find for you a place to stay, in fire at night to see the way your were going, and in cloud during the day.

34YHWH heard the sound of your words, and was angry, and promised:

35"If one of these men of this evil generation sees the land I promised to give to their fathers!

36Except for Caleb son of Yephuneh--he will see it, and to him and his sons I will give the land on which he has traveled[8], since he was fully after YHWH."

37YHWH also became upset with me because of you, saying: "You as well will not go there.

38Joshua son of Nun who is standing before you--he will go there. Strengthen him, for he will cause Israel to inherit it. 39Your youths, that you said would be spoil, and your children who today don't know good from evil--they will go there, and to them I will give it, and they will possess it.

40But you--turn and go towards the wilderness by way of the Red Sea."

41Then you answered, and said to me "We have sinned to YHWH. We will go up and fight, as YHWH our God commanded us". Then each man prepared[9] his weapon of war, and they agreed[10] to go up towards the mountain.

42Then YHWH said to me, "Say to them 'Do not go up and do not fight, for I am not among you, so you will not be stricken before your enemies'". 43So I spoke to you, but you did not listen, and rebelled against the word[11] of YHWH and were presumptuous and went up towards the mountain.

44So the Amorites that dwell on that mountain came out to meet you to chase you as bees do, and beat you in Se'ir to Chormah.

45Then you returned and wept to YHWH, but YHWH did not listen to your voice and did not pay attention to you.

46So you resided in Qadesh many days, as the days you resided there.

Chapter 2[edit]

1Then we turned and we traveled towards the desert [by] way of the Sea of Reeds, as YHWH said to me, and we stayed at Mount Se'ir many days.

2Then YHWH spoke to me, saying:

3Greatly have you stayed at this mountain--turn to the north.

4Command the nation, saying: "You are crossing the border of your brethren, the descendants of Esav who dwell at Se'ir--they will fear you, guard yourselves.

5Do not attack them, since I will not give you [any] of their land, even a footpath[12]

6You will obtain food from them with money, also water you will purchase from them with money and you will drink.

7For YHWH your God has blessed you, in all the work of your hands; he has known your walking through this great desert these forty years, YHWH your God with you--you have lacked nothing".

8So we passed our brethren the descendants of Esav who live in Se'ir by way of the Aravah, from Eilat and Etzion-Gaver, then we turned and passed [by] way of the Moabite wilderness.

9Then YHWH spoke to me: "Do not fight Moab, and do not attack them in war, since I will not give you [any] of their land, because I have given 'Ar to the descendants of Lot as an inheritance".

10The Emim lived there before--a large, numerous, and powerful as the Anaqim

11They are also thought of as the Refayim as the Anaqim, but the Moabites call them Emim.

12And in Se'ir live the Chorites before, but the descendants of Esav conquered them and destroyed them before them and lived in their place, as Israel will do to the land of its inheritance, which YHWH has given to them.

13Now get up and cross the Wadi Zered.

14And the days in which we can from Qadesh-Barne'a until we crossed the Wadi Zered were thirty-eight years, until all the generation of war were gone from the camp, as YHWH promised to them.

15Also the hand of YHWH was upon them to take them from within the camp, until they were gone.

16And it was when the men of war were gone and dead from the nation

17YHWH spoke to me saying:

18Today you are passing over the border of Moab--Ar.

19When you get close to the descendants of Ammon, do not harass them, and do not attack them, since I will not give you [any] of their land as inheritance".

20That is also thought of as the land of the Refayim--the Refayim lived their before, and the Ammonites call them the Zamzumim.

21A nation a large, numerous, and powerful as the Anaqim--YHWH destroyed them before them, so they [the Ammonites] conquered them and lived in their place.

22As he did with the descendants of Esav who live in Se'ir--that he destroyed the Chorim before them, and conquered them and lived in their place until today.

23And the Awim who live in towns as far as Gaza--the Cophtorim, who come out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and lived in their place.

24Get up, go, and cross the Wadi Arnon--look, I have given to your hand Sichon kind of Cheshbon the Emorite and his land--begin to possess it, and attack him in war.

25This day I will begin to but fear and awe of you over the nations under the skies that hear your story, will tremble and be frightened before you.

26Then I sent messengers from the wilderness of Qedemot to Sichon king of Cheshbon words of peace, saying:

27"Let me pass through your land, on the road--on the road alone, I will not turn to the right or left.

28You will provide me food for money and I will eat, and water you will give me for moey and I will drink. I will only pass through on foot.29As I did with the desendants of Esav who live in Se'ir, and the Moabites who live in 'Ar until I pass the Jordan to the land which YHWH our God has given us".

30But Sichon did not consent to our crossing in his [territory], because YHWH your God made his spirit difficult and made his heart bold, in order to give him to your hand, as today.

31The YHWH said to me: "Look, I have begun to give to you Sichon and his land--begin to possess his land as a possession.

32Then Sichon came out to meet up with his entire nation for war at Yahatz.

33Then YHWH our God gave him to us, and we struck him, his sons, and his entire nation.

34And we took all his cities at that time, and destroyed the every city, the men, women and children--we left no one.

35Only the beasts were spoil for us and we plundered the cities we took.

36From 'Aro'ar that is on the edge of the Wadi Arnon and the city on the Wadi and to the Gilead, there was no city higher than us--YHWH our God gave everything before us.

37Only the land of the descendants of Ammon you did not approach--the whole side of the Wadi Yaboq, the cities of the hill, and all God commanded us thusly.

Chapter 3[edit]

1And we turned and went up the way to Bashan, and Og king of Bashan came out to meet us, he and all his people, to battle [at] Edrei.

2And Yahweh said to me, "Do not be afraid of him, for I will give him into your hand, and all his people, and his land. And you will do to him as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon."

3So Yahweh our God gave into our hands Og king of Bashan also, and all his people. And we struck him until there was none left to him remaining.

4And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we didn't take from them--sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

5All these cities [were] fenced with high walls, gates, and bars, besides very many unwalled towns.

6And we utterly destroyed them, as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying every city: men, women, and children,

7and all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, we looted for ourselves.

8And we took at that time the land, from the hand of the two kings of the Amorites, which is beyond the Jordan, from the brook Arnon to Mt. Hermon,

9 (Sidonians call Hermon "Sirion" and the Amorites call it "Senir.")

10all the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, to Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the Rephaim. Look--his bed was of iron. Is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? Its length [is] nine cubits, and four cubits its width, by the cubit of a man. [13]

12And we possessed this land at that time from Aroer to Arnon. And I gave half of Mt. Gilead, and its cities, to the Reubenites and the Gadites.

13And the rest of Gilead and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh: all the region of Argob, with all Bashan, called the land of Rephaim.

14Jair ben Manasseh took all the region of Argob, to the border of Geshuri and Maacathi, and called them by his own name Bashan Havoth Jair, to this day.

15 And I gave Gilead to Machir.

16 And to the Reubenites and to the Gadites I gave from Gilead even to the river Jabbok, the border of the children of Ammon.

17 And the plain, and the Jordan, and [its] border, from Chinnereth as far as the sea of the plain, the salt sea, under Ashdoth HaPisgah eastward.

18 And I commanded you at that time, saying, "Yahweh your God has given you this land to possess it. You shall pass over armed before you brothers, the children of Israel, all the warriors [14].

19 But your wives, and your little ones, and your cattle (I know that you have much cattle) shall remain in your cities which I have given you;

20 until Yahweh gives rest to your brothers, as well as to you, and they also possess the land which Yahweh your God is giving them beyond the Jordan. Then every man [of] you shall return to his possession, which I have given you."

21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, "Your eyes see all that Yahweh your God has done to these two kings--so will Yahweh do to all the kingdoms where you are passing through.

22 Do not fear them, for Yahweh your God, he will fight for you."

23 And I pleaded with Yahweh at that time, saying,

24"Lord Yahweh, you have begun to show your servant your greatness, and your strong hand. For what God [is there] in the heavens or on earth who does according to your works, and according to your might?

25 Let me go over, please, and see the good land which is beyond the Jordan, that good mountain, and Lebanon."

26But Yahweh was angry with me because of you, and would not listen to me. And Yahweh said to me, "Do not speak to me any more about this matter.

27 Go up [to] the top of Pisgah, and lift up your eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward and see [it] with your eyes; for you will not pass over this Jordan.

28 But command Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him, for he will go over before this people, and he will cause them to inherit the land which you see."

29 So we dwelt in the valley opposite Beth Peor.

Chapter 4[edit]

1 And now, Israel, listen to the laws and judgements which I am teaching you, to do them, so that you will live and inherit the land which Yahweh the God of your fathers is giving you.

2 You shall not add to the matter I am commanding you, nor shall you subtract from it in keeping the command of Yahweh your God, which I am commanding you.

3 Your eyes are those that saw what Yahweh did at Ba'al Pe'or, for every man that went after Ba'al Pe'or was destroyed by Yahweh your God from among you.

4 But you who followed Yahweh your God are all alive today.

5 See, I have taught you laws and judgements, as Yahweh my God commanded me: that you should do so in the land where you are going to inherit it.

6 And you shall observe and do it, for it is your wisdom and cleverness in the eyes of the peoples who will hear all these laws and say: " This great nation is a wise and clever people!"

7 For which great nation has a god as close to it as Yahweh our God, [as in] all the times we called to Him.

8 And which great nation has righteous laws and judgements like this Torah, which I am placing before you?

9 Only, be careful, and guard yourselves closely, lest you forget the things your eyes saw, and lest they pass away from your heart, all the days of your life. And you shall inform your sons and grandsons of them.

10 The day you stood before Yahweh your God at Horev, when Yahweh said to me: "Convoke the people and I will tell them the matter [through which] they will learn to fear Me all the days that they live upon the earth, and they shall teach their sons."

11 And you approached, and stood beneath the mountain. And the mountain was burning with fire to the full heavens, darkness, clouds, and fog.

12 And Yahweh spoke to you from the fire. You heard it by voice, but you did not see any image, only a voice.

13 And he told you [of] His covenant, which he commanded you to do, the ten matters, and he wrote them on two tablets of stone.

14 And at that time Yahweh commanded me to teach you laws and judgements, that you shall do in the land which you are going to, in order to inherit it.

15 And guard yourselves closely! For you did not see any image on the day Yahweh spoke to you in Horeb, from the fire.

16 Lest you become corrupt, and make an idol, an image or any symbol or template, male or female.

17 The template of any beast on the earth, the template of any winged bird which flies in the skies.

18 The template of any creeping thing on the earth, the template of any fish which is in the waters beneath the earth.

19 And lest you raise your eyes to the heavens and see the sun and the moon and the stars, all the army of heaven, and you be tempted away and bow down to them, and worship them whom Yahweh your God distributed to all the peoples under the heavens.

20 But you were taken out by Yahweh from the iron forge, from Egypt, to be his people and inheritance, this very day.

21 And Yahweh raged against me because of your words, and swore that I would not pass the Jordan, or come to the good land which Yahweh is giving to you as an inheritance.

22 For I am going to die in this land. I am not going to pass the Jordan. But you will pass, and inherit this good land.

23 Watch yourselves, lest you forget the covenant Yahweh your God made with you, and you make any idol or image of anything, [against] all which Yahweh your God commanded you.

24 For Yahweh your God is a consuming fire, he is a jealous God.

Chapter 9[edit]

1 Hear, O Israel! You are passing over the Jordan today, to go in and possess nations greater and mightier than yourself, cities great and fenced in the heavens,

2 a people great and tall, children of the Anakim, whom you know. And you have heard, "Who can stand before the children of Anak?"

3 Know then today that Yahweh your God is going over ahead of you, a consuming fire. He will destroy them, and bring them down before you. And you will drive them out before you, and destroy them quickly, as Yahweh has said to you.

4Do not speak in your heart, when Yahweh drives them away from before you, saying, "For my righteousness Yahweh brought me in to possess this land, but for the wickedness of these nations Yahweh is driving them out from before me."

5 [It is] not for your righteousness, and for the uprightness of your heart, [that] you are going in to possess their land; but for the wickedness of these nations Yahweh your God is driving them out from before you, and to establish the word which Yahweh swore to your fathers: to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.

6 Know therefore that Yahweh your God does not give you this good land to possess it for your righteousness, for you are a stiff-necked people.

7Remember, do not forget, how you provoked Yahweh your God to wrath in the wilderness. From the day that you came out of the land of Egypt till to came in to this place, you have ben rebels against Yahweh.

8Also in Horeb you provoked Yahweh to wrath, and Yahweh was angry against you, to [the point of wanting to] destroy you.

9When I went up into the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant which Yahweh made with you, then I stayed in the mountain forty days. I did not eat bread, and I did not drink water.

10And Yahweh gave me two tablets of stone written with the finger of God, and on them [it was written] according to all the words which Yahweh spoke to you in the mountain, from the midst of fire, in the day of the assembly.

11 And it happened at the end of forty days and forty nights, Yahweh gave to me the two tablets of stone, tables of the covenant.

12 And Yahweh said to me, "Get up, go down quickly from here, for your people have done corruptly, that you brought out of Egypt; they have turned quickly aside from the way which I commanded them--they have made themselves a molten image!"

13And Yahweh spoke to me, saying, "I have seen this people, and look, it is a stiff-necked people.

14 Leave me alone, and I will destroy them, and blot out their name from under the heavens, and I will make you become a nation mightier and more numerous[15] than they."

15And I turned and came down from the mountain, and the montain burned with fire, and the two tablets of the covenant [were] in my two hands.

16And I looked, and behold, you had sinned against Yahweh your God. You had made yourselves a molten calf, you had turned quickly aside from the way that Yahweh had commanded you.

17And I took the two tablets, and cast them out of my two hands, and broke them before your eyes.

18 I threw myself down before Yahweh, like at first, forty days and forty nights. I neither ate bread, nor drank water, because of all your sins which you have sinned, by doing evil in the eyes of Yahweh, to anger him.

19For I was afraid because of the anger and the fury with which Yahweh was angry against you, [enough] to destroy you. But Yahweh listened to me this time also.

20And Yahweh was very angry with Aaron, [enough] to destroy him. And I prayed also for Aaron at that time.

21 And I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burned it with fire, and beat it, grinding well till it [was] small as dust. And I threw its dust into the brook that went down from the mountain.

22And in Taberah, and in Massah, and in Kibroth Hattaavah, you angered Yahweh.

23 And when Yahweh sent you from Kadesh Barnea, saying, "Go up and possess the land which I have given you," then you rebelled against the mouth of Yahweh your God, and did not believe him, nor listen to his voice.

24You have been rebels toward Yahweh from the day I knew you.

25And I threw myself down before Yahweh, forty days and forty nights, as I threw myself down [before]; because Yahweh had said he would destroy you.

26So I prayed to Yahweh, and said: "O Lord Yahweh, do not destroy your people and your inheritance, that you have redeemed through your greatness, that you have brought out from Egypt with a mighty hand.

27Remember you servants: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Do not turn to the stubbornness of this people, and to its wickedness, and to its sin;

28 lest the land from which you brought us out say, "Because of the inability of Yahweh to bring them into the land which he had spoken to them about, he brought them out to kill them in the wilderness.

29And they are your people, and your inheritance, whom you brought out by your great power, and by your outstretched arm!"

Chapter 10[edit]

1At that time Yahweh said to me, "Carve yourself two tablets of stone like the first ones, and come up to me on the mountain, and make yourself a chest[16] of wood. 2 I will write on the tablets the words which were on the earlier ones, which you broke, and you are to put them in the chest."

3 So I made a chest of acacia wood, and carved two tablets of stone, like the first ones, and I went up to the mountain with the two tablets in my hand. 4 Then he wrote on the tablets, just like the first writing, the ten commandments, which Yahweh spoke to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly. And Yahweh gave them to me. 5 I turned and went down from the mountain, and I put the tablets in the ark which I had made. There are there, just as Yahweh commanded me.

6 Then the people of Israel travelled from Beeroth of the people of Jaakan to Mosera. There Aaron died, and there he was buried, and Eleazar his son took his place. 7 From there they travelled to the Gudgodah, and from the Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land of rivers.

8 At that time Yahweh separated the tribe of Levi, to carry the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, to stand before Yahweh to serve him, and to bless his name, up to the present day. 9 This is why Levi has no portion or inheritance among his brothers. Yahweh is his inheritance, just as Yahweh your god promised him. 10 I stayed on the mountain, just like the first time, forty days and forty nights. Yahweh listened to me that time as well, [so] Yahweh decided not to destroy you. 11 Yahweh said to me, "Get up and lead the people on your journey, so that they may come in and take over the land which I swore to their ancestors to give them." 12 And now, Israel, what does Yahweh your god ask of you, except to fear Yahweh your god, to walk in all his paths, and to love him, and to serve Yahweh your god with all your heart and with all your soul, 13 to observe the commandments of Yahweh, and his regulations, which I commend you today for your own good. 14 Indeed, the sky, the highest of skies, belongs to Yahweh your god, the earth and everything in it. 15 Yet delighted in your ancestors and loved them, and chose their descendants after them, you, above all the peoples, as it is today. 16 So circumcise the foreskin of your heart, and do not be stiff-necked any more. 17 For Yahweh your god is the God of Gods and Lord of Lords, the great El, mighty and terrifying, who shows no partiality and takes no bribe. 18 He gives justice to the orphan and the widow, and he loves the immigrant,[17] giving him food and clothing. 19 So you are to love the resident foreigner living among you,[18] for you yourselves were foreigners living in the land of Egypt. 20 You are to fear Yahweh your god. You shall serve him, and cling to him, and swear by his name. 21 He is the one you are to praise. He is your god, who has done for you these great and terrifying things which your eyes have seen. 22 As seventy persons your ancestors went down into Egypt, and now Yahweh your god has made you like the stars of the sky in number.

Chapters 11 through 17[edit]

[These chapters aren't done yet. Feel free to work on them.]

Chapter 18[edit]




4 The first of your grain, your wine, and your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him.

Chapter 32[edit]



  1. I.e do not show deference to some
  2. Unsure of meaning of verb
  3. Or "awe-inspiring" or "terrible"
  4. Unsure of meaning of verb
  5. Unsure of meaning of verb
  6. Literally "mouth"
  7. Unsure of meaning of verb
  8. The promised land, since he was one of the men sent to scout it
  9. Literally "belted"
  10. Unsure of meaning of verb
  11. Literally "mouth"
  12. Literally "until the way of the leg-end"
  13. The "cubit of a man" is generally taken to refer to the distance between one elbow and tip of the middle finger--usually 17 or 18 inches.
  14. (1:18 warriors) Literally, "sons of force" (Strong's Concordance).
  15. (9:14) numerous: or, abundant
  16. Hebrew aron, a box or chest. This is the "ark of the covenant."
  17. The Hebrew word is ger, describing someone who is a foreigner in the country where he lives.
  18. Literally, you are to love the ger.
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