Brundtland Report/Acronym List and Note on Terminology

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Brundtland Report
United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development
Acronym List and Note on Terminology


ATS Antarctic Treaty System
CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CIDIE Committee of International Development Institutions on the Environment
CMEA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
DIESA United Nations Department for International Economic and Social Affairs
ECB United Nations Environment Coordination Board
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
SEC European Economic Community
ERZ Exclusive Economic Zones
ELC Environment Liaison Centre
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GDP gross domestic product
GEMS Global Environment Monitoring System
GESAMP Group of Experts on Scientific Aspect of Marine Pollution
GNP gross national product
GRID Global Resource Information Database
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
IDA International Development Association
IUBP International Geosphere Biosphere Project (of ICSU)
IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
IIED International Institute for Environment and Development
ILO International Labour Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
ITU International Telecommunications Union
IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
IWC International Whaling Commission
LDC London Dumping Convention
MVA manufacturing value added
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCS National Conservation Strategies
NGO non-governmental organizations
NICs newly industrialized countries
NUSS Nuclear Safety Standards
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
ODA Official Development Assistance
PPP Pollute: Pays Principle
TNCs transnational corporations
UNCHS United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (HABITAT)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference of Trade and Development
UNDA United Nations Disarmament Association
UNDRC Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator
UNEF United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
WHO World Health Organization
WHO World Meteorological Organization
WRI World Resources Institute
WWF World Wildlife Fund

The grouping of countries in the presentation of data is indicated in the appropriate places. The term "industrial countries" generally encompasses the UN categories of developed market economies and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe and the USSR. Unless otherwise indicated, the term "developing country" refers to the UN grouping of developing-country market economies and the socialist countries ot Asia. The term "Third World", unless the context implies otherwise, generally refers to the developing-country marks; economies as defined by the UN.

Unless indicated otherwise, tone are metric (1,000 kiloqrammes or 2 204.6 pounds). Dollars are current U.S. dollars or U.S. dollars for the year specified.