California Education Code
General Education Code Provisions
Construction of Provisions
This code shall be known as the Education Code.
The code establishes the law of this state respecting the
subjects to which it relates, and its provisions and all proceedings
under it are to be liberally construed, with a view to effect its
objects and to promote justice.
The provisions of this code, insofar as they are substantially
the same as existing statutory provisions relating to the same
subject matter, shall be construed as restatements and continuations,
and not as new enactments.
Whenever reference is made to any portion of this code or of any
other law of this state, such reference applies to all amendments
and additions now or hereafter made.
Title, division, part, chapter, article, and section headings do
not in any manner affect the scope, meaning, or intent of the
provisions of this code.
- If any provision of this code, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the remainder of the code, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Whenever a power is granted to, or a duty is imposed upon, a
public officer, the power may be exercised or the duty may be
performed by a deputy of the officer or by a person authorized,
pursuant to law, by the officer, unless this code expressly provides
Words giving a joint authority to three or more public officers
or other persons are construed as giving such authority to a majority
of them, unless it is otherwise expressed in the provisions of the
code giving the authority.
The time in which any act provided by this code is to be done is
computed by excluding the first day, and including the last, unless
the last day is a holiday, and then it is also excluded.
Unless the provisions or the context otherwise requires these
general provisions, rules of construction, and definitions shall
govern the construction of this code.
(a) For purposes of this code, "assessed value" means 25
percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and
100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal
years thereafter; and, tax rates shall be expressed in dollars, or
fractions thereof, on each one hundred dollars ($100) of assessed
value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year and as a percentage
of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years
(b) Whenever this code requires comparison of assessed values, tax
rates or property tax revenues for different years, the assessment
ratios and tax rates shall be adjusted as necessary so that the
comparisons are made on the same basis, and the same amount of tax
revenues would be produced, or the same relative value of an
exemption or subvention will be realized regardless of the method of
expressing tax rates or the assessment ratio utilized.
(c) For purposes of expressing tax rates on the same basis, a tax rate based on a 25 percent assessment ratio and expressed in dollars, or fractions thereof, for each one hundred dollars ($100) of assessed value may be multiplied by a conversion factor of twenty-five hundredths of 1 percent to determine a rate comparable to a rate expressed as a percentage of full value; and, a rate expressed as a percentage of full value may be multiplied by a factor of 400 to determine a rate comparable to a rate expressed in dollars, or fractions thereof, for each one hundred dollars ($100) of assessed value and based on a 25 percent assessment ratio.