Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/William of Shoreham

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

(Or de Schorham.)

An English religious writer of the Anglo-Norman period, born at Shoreham, near Sevenoaks, in Kent, in the latter half of the twelfth century; died at an unknown date. In 1313 he became Vicar of Chart Sutton, in Kent. As this rector was then a benefice of Leeds priory, it is probable that William was one of the Austin canons at that priory. He is the author of various religious poems, and probably the earliest English version of the complete Psalter. The poems and the Psalter, both on the same manuscript and in the same handwriting, are preserved in the British Museum (Additional manuscripts, No. 17376). The poems were edited for the Percy Society by Thomas Wright (London, 1849). The appearance of William's name in the colophon to some of the poems is sufficient evidence for the authorship, but the fact that the Psalter is not in the Kentish but in the Mercian dialect has led some authorities to contest his authorship of the version of the Psalter. (See VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE.)

WRIGHT, The religious poems of William de Shoreham (London, 1849), preface; KONRATH, Beiträge zur Erklärung u. Textkritik des W. von Schorham (Berlin, 1878); BUELBRING, The earliest complete English Psalter together with eleven canticles (London, 1891).