Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Abd-er-Rahman III.

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ABD-ER-RAHMAN III., a Caliph of Cordova, born in 891. From his earliest youth his ambition was to aggrandize the Saracen power in Spain, a purpose he carried out with a success so brilliant Hs to win for him the title of "the Great." He ascended the throne in 912 and set himself the task of reviving learning, fostering trade and beautifying his capital. His long reign of 49 years is pronounced the glorious epoch of Moorish sway in Spain. He died in 961.