Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Abdul-Medjid
ABDUL-MEDJID, a Sultan of Turkey, born April 23, 1822; succeeded to the throne July 1, 1839, at the early age of 17, eight days after the battle of Nezib, in which the troops of the Sultan Mahmoud II. were defeated by Ibrahim-Pasha. The interference of the allied powers alone prevented the empire from dismemberment at this juncture. The great event of his reign was the Crimean War, in which France and England allied themselves with Turkey against the encroachments of Russia, and which was terminated by the fall of Sebastopol after a long siege, in 1856. He was succeeded by his brother, Abdul-Aziz Khan. He died June 25, 1861.