Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Bannockburn
BANNOCKBURN, a village of Stirlingshire, Scotland, 3 miles S. S. E. of Stirling, on the Bannock Burn, a little affluent of the Forth. It is an important seat of the woolen manufactures, especially of carpets and tartans. Tanning is carried on to some extent, and the neighboring villages are noted for the manufacture of nails; while coal abounds in the vicinity. In the great battle of Bannockburn, fought on June 24, 1314, Robert Bruce, with 30,000 Scotch, gained a signal victory over Edward II., with 100,000 English, and secured his throne and the independence of Scotland.