Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Ethnography

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ETHNOGRAPHY, the systematic description and classification of races. In recent years there has been but little distinction made between ethnology and ethnography, the general tendency being to name the science ethnology. It is a part of anthropology, and includes the studies of living non-historical peoples with a view to their classification. The studies of language and anatomy are not included in the science of ethnography. Under this heading are treated the location, movements or history of the tribe; next, its state of culture, its art, its dress and manufactures, etc. The political, social, and religious ideas should be included in the ethnology of a nation, as also some mention of the place it occupies in relation to other peoples, and its contributions to the general culture of mankind.