Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Jacksonville (Illinois)
JACKSONVILLE, a city and capital of Morgan co., Ill.; on the Wabash, Chicago and Alton, the Chicago, Peoria and St. Louis, and the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroads; 34 miles W. of Springfield, the State capital. The city, which is popularly known as the "Athens of the West," is the seat of Illinois College, Illinois Woman's College, Illinois College of Music, Illinois State Institutions for the Education of Deaf Mutes and the Blind, State Central Insane Hospital, Passavout Memorial and Our Saviour Hospitals. The city is the trade center for Morgan, Scott, and parts of Green and Cass counties; is largely concerned in the agricultural industry; has manufactories of woolen goods, candy, steel products, machinery, woven wire, pumps, and wind mills, boilers, brick and tile, paper, and flour. There are a National and other banks, daily, weekly, and semi-monthly periodicals. Pop. (1900) 15,078; (1910) 15,326; (1920) 15,713.