Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Pulitzer, Joseph

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PULITZER, JOSEPH, an American journalist; born in Budapest, Hungary, April 10, 1847. When quite young he came to the United States; served in the Civil War; and found a home in St. Louis, Mo. He began journalism as reporter on the “Westliche Post,” of which he afterward became editor and chief proprietor. He was well known in that city as a politician, legislator and Congressman. In 1878 he assumed control of the St. Louis “Post-Dispatch,” and in 1883 purchased the New York “World.” He endowed a School of Journalism at Columbia University (1903) and gave large sums for educational and philanthropic purposes. He died in 1911.