Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Richmond (Kentucky)
RICHMOND, county-seat of Madison co., Ky.; 25 miles S. E. of Lexington. It is famous as the scene of one of the fiercest battles of the Civil War. The Confederate general, E. Kirby Smith, in command of 18,000 troops, attacked a much larger Union army under command of Gens. M. D. Manson and William Nelson, and after a three hours' battle utterly defeated the Union forces, whose loss, including killed, wounded and prisoners, was 5,000. The town contains the Central University and the Madison Female Institute. Pop. (1910) 5,340; (1920) 5,622.