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Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Salzkammergut

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SALZKAMMERGUT, called the Austrian Switzerland, one of the most picturesque districts of Europe; between the Austrian province of Salzburg on the W. and Styria on the E.; area, about 250 square miles. The scenery combines in rare beauty the features of valley, mountain, and lake. The highest peak, the Dachstein, reaches an altitude of 9,830 feet. But the district derives its principal attraction from its lakes, the most famous of which are Hallstatt, Traun or Gmunden, Atter, St. Wolfgang or Aber, Mond, and Zell. It derives its name of “Salt-exchequer Property” from its salt springs and mines, which yield over 80,000 tons of salt annually. The chief seats of the salt works are Ischl, Hallstatt, and Ebensee. Little or no agriculture is carried on; the inhabitants not engaged in the salt industry are employed in cattle breeding and in the timber trade.