Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818)

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Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818)

The Congress or Conference of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), held in the autumn of 1818, was primarily a meeting of the four allied powers Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia to decide the question of the withdrawal of the army of occupation from France and the nature of the modifications to be introduced in consequence into the relations of the four powers towards each other, and collectively towards France. (From the Wikipedia Article Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818) 23 April 2009)

Date Conventions, protocols and notes.[1]
9 October Convention between 4 Powers and France. Evacuation of France. Pecuniary Indemnity.[2]
3 November Protocol. 4 Powers and France. French Pecuniary Indemnity.[3]
4 November Note. 4 Powers to France. Termination of Military Occupation of France.
  Invitation to France to join in Conferences of Allies (Annex A to the Protocol of 15 November).[4]
12 November Note. France to Allies. Acceptance of Invitation to join Conferences. Union of the 5 Powers (Annex B to the Protocol of 15 November). [5]
14 November Protocol. 5 Powers. Toll of Elsfleth. [6]
15 November Protocol. 5 Powers. Union of Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia. Maintenance of the Peace of Europe.[7]
15 November Declaration of the 5 Powers. Maintenance of the Peace of Europe (Annex C to the Protocol of 15 November).[8]
21 November Protocol. 5 Powers. Diplomatic Precedence of Ministers Resident.[9]


  1. (Hertslet, p. 17)
  2. Hertslet, (no. 82) pp. 17,557
  3. Hertslet, (no. 83), pp. 17,561
  4. Hertslet, (no. 84), pp. 17,564
  5. Hertslet, (no. 85), pp. 17,567
  6. Hertslet, (no. 86), pp. 17,569
  7. Hertslet, (no. 87), pp. 17,571
  8. Hertslet, (no. 88), pp. 17,573
  9. Hertslet, (no. 89), pp. 17,575