Constitutions of 1975 and of 1989/Constitution of 1989
The Principality of Sealand
Constitution of 1989
Chronology of the Constitution
The Constitution of the Principality of Sealand has continuously been developed by the following steps until today:
1.The basis is the Constitution that Roy of Sealand signed, attested and proclaimed on September 9, 1975.
2.The first law for a change of the Constitution (deliberate change from an absolute to a constitutional monarchy) was paraphrased by Roy of Sealand in July 1978; it was never signed, remained, however, the example for the Constitution of the Republic envisaged after the coup of August 10, 1978.
3.The government acting on behalf of the nationals and responsible for the putsch was divided due to the hectic developments in the ensuing days, whereby a section of that group seized governing power by disregarding exigencies and without binding Constitution, proclaimed themselves the sole representatives of Sealand and acted according to their own conditions.
4.Due to the counter putsch the state council could not convene as summoned on August 10, 1978, and as the then representatives showed no inclination to change to update the Constitution, a Constitution Council was formed in 1978 – in exile, as the then government, yet independent of it – which in protracted conclave reworked the 1978/79 version of the "Basic Law of the Republic" and proclaimed it as the future Constitution. During this work it was soon realised that that in the long run it was desirable not to aim for the Republic but rather, in conjunction with Roy of Sealand, for a Constitutional Monarchy. Thus the planned Constitution was understood and formulated under this aspect. This Basic Law is based on Version 2 and is the result of the 2nd Law Governing Changes to the Constitution.
5.The 3rd Law Governing Changes to the Constitution of July 1989 (also proclaimed on August 7, 1989) now results in the legally binding Constitution, the Basic Law of the Principality of Sealand constituting the Constitutional Monarchy, is prepared for the inclusion of Roy of Sealand if a respective agreement may be reached, and retains the Syndic originally called upon to fulfil the functions of the Sovereign.
In 1978, the people of the Principality of Sealand, represented by the newly appointed government, gives itself the following Constitution which, following the 3rd Law Governing Changes to the Constitution of August 7, 1989, shall be known as the Basic Law of the Principality of Sealand.
This Constitution comes into effect on August 8, 1989, the day following its adoption. It is the basis of all future activities of Sealand.
The Basic Law (BL) is binding above all for the exiled Government of Sealand and is directly binding for the representatives of the government. The strict exigencies of the Constitution for the nomination and upkeep of a firm seat for all governmental initiatives are part of the grounds for the exile. The nomination of a seat is seen as independent of the measures or attitudes of the organs of the host country and is inalienable.
All actions of the Government are to be coordinated from this seat; eventual additional offices without the inclusion of the Government are dependent and are not authorised for any actions not instigated by or in accordance with the Government. Any uncoordinated actions cannot be understood as done in the name of Sealand and are illegitimate.
The BL was conceived following ideas and accepted version of the 1st Change of the Constitution by Roy of Sealand towards a "Constitutional Monarchy" and as such becomes final with the options below.
Since the actions of 1978, the putsch, have proved to be incommensurate, the people of the Principality of Sealand aim, in appreciation of the merits of Roy of Sealand for his and their country, for the reinstitution of the unity of sovereign and state and deems the option to reinstall Roy of Sealand at an opportune time as its sovereign justified and expressly sets this down in this Preamble to the Constitution.
For the time until this goal is attained, the Constitutional Council created an interim solution by introducing the position of a Syndic of the Principality of Sealand. The Syndic will assume – until Roy of Sealand is reinstated – the functions of the Sovereign as outlined in the Constitution and will advise the Government juristically in all its actions and obligations in order to maintain the status of Sealand under international law in this transitional period. The reinstitution of the Sovereign will automatically end the mission of the Syndic concerning the functions outlined in this option and presupposed by his neutrality and independence.
Next to the decisions and opinions set down in this preamble, the Constitution of the Principality of Sealand is structured in the following prescriptions, the actual text of the law: