Curtis's Botanical Magazine/Volume 54/2770 Banksia integrifolia
[ 2770 ]
Banksia integrifolia. Entire-leaved
Class and Order.
(Nat. Ord. - Proteaceæ)
Cal. quadripartitus (raro quadrifidus). Stamina apicibus
concavis laciniarum immersa. Squamulæ hypogynæ 4.
Ovarium biloculare, loculis monospermis. Folliculus bilo-
cularis, ligneus: Dissepimento libero, bifido. Amentum
flosculorum paribus tribracteatis. Br.
Specific Character and Synonyms.
Banksia integrifolia; foliis verticillatis oblongo-lanceola-
tis integris mucronatis: subtus venulis reticulantibus
conspicuis, folliculis tomentosis, caule arborea. Br.
Banksia integrifolia. Linn. Suppl. p. 127 Lam. Encycl.
v. 1. p. 369 Willd. Sp. Pl. v. 1. p. 535. "Cavan.
Annal. De Hist. Nat. v. 1. p. 229. Ic. 6. p. 30. t.546."
Pers. Syn. Pl. v. 1. p. 116. Brown in Linn. Trans.
v. 10. p. 206. Prod. p. 393. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2.
v. 1. p. 215. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 1. p. 485. Gra-
ham in Jameson New Journ. of Sc. 1827, p. 174.
Banksia spicata. Gærtn. de Fruct. v. 1. p. 221. t. 48.
Banksia oleæfolia. Cav. Annal. de Hist. Nat. 1. p. 228. Ic.
p. 30. t. 545. et B. glauca. Cav. Annal. de Hist. Nat.
1. p. 230. Ic. 6. p. 31*. (fide Br.)
Descr. "Trunk erect. Bark dark and cracked. Branches,
at first, erect, ultimately spreading, covered with soft, yel-
lowish pubescence when young. Buds in whorls, but gene-
rally all, excepting one or two, abortive. Leaves petiolated,
subverticillated or scattered, ligulate, dry, stiff, undulated,
green and naked above, below, covered with white tomen-
tum, through which many small reticulated veins appear;
when young covered with yellow tomentum on both sides,
sinuato-serrated, occasionally entire, serratures mucronate,
middle-rib prominent behind. Flowers terminal, head two
to three inches long, less than half the length of the leaves,
which are generally crowded at the base. Calyx silky.
We have a plant which has not yet flowered, but which
I can consider only a variety, that is more vigorous in its
growth; the trunk swollen into joints; the branches more
erect; the leaves more decidedly verticilled; more of them
entire, and many of them lanceolate, having evident nearly
transverse primary veins, the pubescence on the young
shoots being red-brown." Graham.
Introduced to our gardens, from the neigbourhood of
Port Jackson, in 1788, by Mr. Thomas Watson: but,
according to Hortus Kewensis, it does not appear to have
flowered when the second edition of that work was pub-
lished. Our drawing was made from a a fine plant which
flowered at the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, in May, 1827.
The seeds had been sent to Dr. Graham, in 1819, by Mr.
Fraser. Both from Dr. Graham and Mr. Brown's obser-
vations on the species, it seems to be liable to much varia-
tion: the latter gentleman indeed observes. "Species poly-
morpha, cui nimis affines sunt B. insularis et compar."
Fig. 1. Two Flowers, with their bracteæ. 2. Underside of a portion of
the leaf to shew the reticulations.--Magnified.