Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Broughton, Arthur

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777052Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 06 — Broughton, Arthur1886Benjamin Daydon Jackson

BROUGHTON, ARTHUR (d. 1803?), botanist, took the degree of doctor in medicine at Edinburgh in 1779, then published a volume of brief diagnoses of British plants anonymously, and subsequently settled in Jamaica, where he died in 1803, judging from certain notes in Wiles's edition of the 'Hortus Eastensis.' His name is preserved in the genus of orchids named Broughtonia by Robert Brown.

The following is a list of his works:

  1. 'Diss. Med. de Vermibus Intestinorum,' Edinburgh, 1779, 8vo.
  2. 'Enchiridion Botanicum,' London, 1782, 8vo.
  3. 'Hortus Eastensis; or a catalogue of Exotic Plants in the garden of Hinton East, Esq., in the mountains of Liguanea, at the time of his decease,' Kingston, 1792, 4to; new edition by J. Wiles, Jamaica, 1806, 4to.
  4. 'Catalogue of the more valuable and rare Plants in the public botanic garden in the mountains of Liguanea, &c.' (St. Jago de la Vega), 1794, 4to.

[The works cited.]

B. D. J.

Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.38
N.B.— f.e. stands for from end and l.l. for last line

Page Col. Line
459 ii 4 Broughton, Arthur: for (d. 1803?) read (d. 1796
5 after botanist insert youngest son of Thomas Broughton, 1704-74 [q. v.]
8-11 for and subsequently settled . . . . Hortus Eastensis read He practised medicine at Bristol, and was elected physician to the infirmary there, 14 May 1780. He went to Jamaica in Dec. 1783 with leave of absence, but never returned, dying at Kingston 29 May 1796. (Felix Farley, 'Bristol Journal,' 30 July 1796)