Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Engleheart, Francis

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

ENGELHEART, FRANCIS (1775–1849), engraver, born in London in 1775, was nephew of George Engleheart [q. v.], and grandson of Francis Engleheart of Kew. He served as apprentice to Joseph Collyer the younger [q. v.], and subsequently became assistant to James Heath [q. v.] His first published engravings were some plates after the designs of Thomas Stothard, R.A., and he also engraved a large portion of ‘The Canterbury Pilgrims,’ which was completed and published by Heath. He became better known to the public by his engravings from the pictures and drawings of Richard Cook, R.A. [q. v.], and some of these were considered among the finest specimens of book illustrations then produced in England. He subsequently engraved the portraits in a collection of the works of the English poets, and was engaged by Messrs. Cadell & Davies to engrave the designs of R. Smirke, R.A. [q. v.], for works published by them. Engleheart engraved nearly thirty of Smirke's designs for their edition of ‘Don Quixote.’ His services were enlisted by Sir David Wilkie, R.A., to engrave his ‘Duncan Gray’ and ‘The only Daughter,’ which are the works by which Engleheart is chiefly known. His last important work was an engraving from the picture by W. Hilton, R.A., of ‘Serena rescued by Sir Calepine, the Red Cross Knight.’ Among other engravings by him were ‘Cupid and the Nymphs,’ after Hilton, ‘The Holy Family,’ after Fra Bartolommeo, some plates for ‘The British Museum Marbles,’ and numerous portraits and plates for the annuals then in vogue. Engleheart was a member of the Society of British Artists, and occasionally contributed to their exhibitions. He died on 15 Feb. 1849, in his seventy-fourth year.

Another member of the same family, Timothy Stansfeld Engleheart (1803–1879), was also an engraver. He engraved some of the plates in ‘The British Museum Marbles,’ but seems to have removed to Darmstadt, as there is a fine engraving by him of ‘Ecce Homo,’ after Guido Reni, executed at Darmstadt in 1840.

[Redgrave's Dict. of Artists; Graves's Dict. of Artists, 1760–1880; Ottley's Dict. of Recent and Living Painters; information from J. Gardner Engleheart, C.B.]

L. C.