Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/James the Cistercian

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JAMES the Cistercian (fl. 1270), also called James the Englishman, was the first professor of philosophy and theology in the college which Stephen Lexington [q. v.], abbot of Clairvaux, founded in the house of the counts of Champagne at Paris for the instruction of young Cistercians. He supported St. Thomas Aquinas in contesting the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, and is said to have written: 1. ‘Commentaries on the Song of Songs.’ 2. ‘Sermons on the Gospels.’ 3. ‘Lecturæ Scholasticæ.’

[Visch. Bibl. Script. Ord. Cist. p. 142, Douay, ed. 1649; Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-Hib. p. 426; Fabricius, Bibl. Lat. Med. Ævi, iv. 5, ed. 1754; Hist. Litt. de la France, xix. 425.]

C. L. K.