Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Jugge, Richard

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JUGGE, RICHARD (fl. 1531–1577), printer, born probably at Waterbeach, Cambridgeshire, was educated at Eton, whence he was elected in 1531 to King's College, Cambridge (T. Harwood, Alumni Eton. p. 148), to whose library in 1577 he gave many books (C. H. Hartshorne, Book Rarities in Cambridge, 1829, pp. 178–9). He left the university without taking a degree, became a printer in London, and began to print about 1548 at the sign of the Bible, at the north door of St. Paul's Church. His dwelling-house was in Newgate Market, next to Christ Church. In January 1550 he had license to print the New Testament in English, and produced a beautiful edition of Tyndale's version in that year. A patent to print all books of common law for seven years was granted to him on 5 May 1556. He was an original member of the Stationers' Company, 1556 (Arber, Transcript, i. xxviii). Several books were entered to him m the registers between 19 July 1557 and 9 July 1558 (ib. i. 77). He was warden of the company in 1560, 1563, 1566, and was master in 1568, 1569, 1573, and 1574. On the accession of Queen Elizabeth, he printed the proclamation dated 17 Nov. 1558. John Cawood [q. v.], who had been printer to Queen Mary, was joined with him on 7 Feb. following in the imprint of a proclamation on eating meat, and from that time the two printed state documents jointly. They were appointed queen's printers 24 starch 1560, with a salary of 6l. 13s. 4d., and rented a room in Stationers' Hall at 20s. per annum. On 10 April 1501 the petty canons of St. Paul leased to Jugge 'their shop with a chymney in it,' then in his possession, and other premises, for a term of thirty-one years (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1547-80, 1850, p. 173). Archbishop Parker wrote to Cecil, 5 Oct. 1568, respecting the publication of the Bishops* bible: 'I pray your honour be a mean that Jugge only may have the preferment of this edition; for if any other should lurch him to steal from him these copies, he were a great loser in this first doing, and. Sir, without doubt he hath well deserved to be preferred ' (Corresp., Parker Soc, 1853, p. 337).

Jugge printed about seventy books. His editions of the bible and New Testament are fine specimens of typography. He was unrivalled for the richness of his initial letters, and for the handsome disposition of the text. One of his devices was a pelican feeding her young; another consisted of an angel holding the letter R, a nightingale bearing a scroll with 'Jugge, Jugge,' completes the rebus. The latest entry to him in the registers was in 1570-1 (Arber, i. 443). The last proclamation issued by him was dated 16 Feb. 19 Eliz. 1576-7.

After having been thirty years a printer, he was succeeded by John Jugge (d. 1579?), probably a son, who was brought on in the livery of the Stationers' Company about 1574. 'The Advise and Answer of ye Prince of Orange ' was published by him and John Allde in 1577. He appears to have died before 6 April 1579, when Miles Jennynges claimed the copyright of a book 'whiche he affyrmeth yat he bought of Jhon Jugge' (ib. ii. 351).

Joan Jugge (fl. 1579-1587), widow of Richard, took up the business, and printed A few books between 1579 and 1587.

[Ames's Typogr. Antiq. (Herbert), ii. 713-29; ib. (Dibdin), iv. 241-66; Cooper's Athenae Cantabr. 1858, i. 383-4; P. Cunningham's Extracts from Accounts of Revels at Court, 1842, p.xzvii; C. H. Timperley's Encyclopædia, 1842, pp. 319, 325, 350, 353, 378; J. Eadie's English Bible, 1876. 1. 305, ii. 73, 76; H. Cotton's Editions of the Bible, 1852; Cat. of Books in Brit. 3Ius printed to 1640, 1884, 3 vols.]

H. R. T.