Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Lennox, William Pitt

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LENNOX, Lord WILLIAM PITT (1799–1881), miscellaneous writer, fourth son of Charles Lennox, fourth duke of Richmond [q. v.] , was born at Winestead Hall, Yorkshire, 20 Sept. 1799, and was a godson of William Pitt and a cousin of Charles James Fox. He was educated at Westminster from 1808 to 1814. On 13 May 1813, while still at school, he was gazetted to a cornetcy in the royal horse guards, and on 8 Aug. 1814 accompanied the Duke of Wellington as an attaché in his embassy to Paris. In 1815 he was attached to General Sir Peregrine Maitland's staff, was present at his mother's memorable ball in Brussels, and saw some portion of the battle of Waterloo, but was prevented by the effects of a horse accident from taking an active part in it. For three years after Waterloo he acted as an aide-de-camp to Wellington. He then joined his regiment in England, was promoted to be a captain 28 March 1822, and retired by the sale of his commission 25 March 1829. He was an extra aide-de-camp to his father while he was governor-general of Canada, 1818–19, and was one of the pages at the coronation of George IV, 19 July 1821. He represented King's Lynn, Norfolk, in conjunction with Lord George Bentinck, as a moderate reformer and a supporter of the government from 10 Dec. 1832 to 29 Dec. 1834, and spoke on the Reform Bill, on fees paid on vessels in quarantine, and on the Anatomy Bill.

But Lennox was more interested in sport and literature, and preferred a life of gaiety and leisure. He was devoted to horse-racing, delighted in private theatricals, and once ran a hundred yards race in Hill Street, Berkeley Square, at midnight. He figured in Disraeli's ‘Vivian Grey’ as Lord Prima Donna (1827). He contributed to the annuals during their popularity, and to ‘Once a Week’ and those serials which dealt with military and sporting topics. ‘Memoirs of Madame Malibran,’ by Lady Merlin, 2 vols. 1840, was based on a manuscript by Lennox. In 1858 he edited the ‘Review’ newspaper. He wrote several feeble novels, which had a brief success; but his volumes of personal recollections contain interesting anecdotes about court and other celebrities. In later life, when he was far from rich, he often acted as a paid lecturer, and regularly contributed to the ‘Court Journal.’ He died at 34 Hans Place, Sloane Street, London, 18 Feb. 1881, and was buried in Brompton cemetery 25 Feb. He was married three times: first, 7 May 1824, to Mary Anne Paton (1802–1864) [q. v.], singer—this marriage was dissolved by the Scotch court of session in 1831; secondly, in 1854 to Ellen, daughter of John Smith—she died 3 Nov. 1859; and thirdly, 17 Nov. 1863, to Maria Jane, eldest daughter of the Rev. Capel Molyneux—she, in 1888, wrote a novel entitled ‘Castle Heather.’

Lennox's chief works were: 1. ‘Compton Audley, or Hands not Hearts,’ 1841, 3 vols. 2. ‘Tuft Hunter,’ 1843, 3 vols. 3. ‘Percy Hamilton, or the Adventures of a Westminster Boy,’ 1851, 3 vols. 4. ‘Three Years with the Duke of Wellington in Private Life,’ 1853. 5. ‘Philip Courtenay, or Scenes at Home and Abroad,’ 1855, 3 vols. 6. ‘The Story of my Life,’ 1857, 3 vols. 7. ‘The Victoria Cross, the Rewarded and their Services,’ 1857. 8. ‘Merrie England, its Sports and Pastimes,’ 1858. 9. ‘Pictures of Sporting Life and Character,’ 1860, 2 vols. 10. ‘Recollections of a Sportsman,’ 1862, 2 vols. 11. ‘Life of the Fifth Duke of Richmond,’ anon., 1862. 12. ‘Fifty Years' Biographical Reminiscences,’ 1863, 2 vols. 13. ‘The Adventures of a Man of Family,’ 1864, 3 vols. 14. ‘Drafts on my Memory,’ 1866, 2 vols. 15. ‘Sport at Home and Abroad,’ 1872, 2 vols. 16. ‘My Recollections,’ 1874, 2 vols. 17. ‘Celebrities I have known,’ 1876–7, 4 vols. 18. ‘Coaching, with Anecdotes of the Road,’ 1876. 19. ‘Fashion then and now,’ 1878, 2 vols. 20. ‘Lord of Himself,’ 1880, 3 vols. 21. ‘Plays, Players, and Playhouses at Home and Abroad,’ 1881, 2 vols.

[Lennox's autobiographic works, especially Nos. 12 and 16 above; Times, 19 Feb. 1881, p. 10, 22 Feb. p. 9; Illustrated London News, 26 Feb. 1881, p. 214.]

G. C. B.

Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.181
N.B.— f.e. stands for from end and l.l. for last line

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